Last modified on 4 February 2012, at 04:30

Atlas of French Guiana

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LocationFrenchGuiana.svg
French Guiana
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Guyane française

Français Guyane française- Guyane

La Guyane est à la fois une région et un département d'outre-mer français. Avec ses 86 504 km² de superficie, la Guyane est le plus grand département français. Elle est en outre le seul territoire français et de l'Union européenne du continent sud-américain. La forêt équatoriale couvre la plus grande partie (96%) du territoire. Son nom officiel est Guyane. L'ajout de l'adjectif française dans les dénominations courantes n'est qu'une commodité de langage issue de la période coloniale, pendant laquelle existaient trois Guyanes : la Guyane britannique (actuel Guyana), la Guyane néerlandaise (actuel Suriname) et la Guyane française.

English French Guiana - Department of Guiana - Region of Guiana

French Guiana is an overseas department of France, located on the northern coast of South America with borders to ► Brazil and ► Suriname. Like the other DOMs, French Guiana is also an overseas region of France. As a part of France, French Guiana is in the ► European Union.


Short name French Guiana
Official name Department of Guiana - Region of Guiana
Status ► French overseas region, French since the 17th century
Location South America
Capital Cayenne
Population 202,000 inhabitants
Area 83,534 km²
Major language(s) French
Major religion(s) Roman Catholicism
More information French Guiana, Geography of French Guiana, History of French Guiana and Politics of French Guiana
More images French Guiana - French Guiana (Category).

General maps

French Guiana-CIA WFB Map.png Map of French Guiana
Guyane map-en.svg Topographic map of French Guiana
Map of French Guiana Demis.png Map of French Guiana

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day French Guiana, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day French Guiana.

Present-day French Guiana is originally inhabited by Arawaks and Galibi Indians. In 1626 a first French settlement in the region is founded and in 1634 the city of Cayenne is established. Shortly the area is under Dutch control, but since the Breda Treaty of 1667 French Guiana becomes a French colony in 1674. It is temporarely ruled by Portugal/Brazil between 1909 and 1817. In 1946 French Guiana becomes a French overseas département and is ruled as part of mainland France.

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

Map of venezuela(1760-1839).jpg 18th century map of Venezuela and the Guyanas

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
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  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

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