Last modified on 2 July 2012, at 14:40

Atlas of Tamil Eelam

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Tamil Eelam

Flag of Tamil Eelam.svg



தமிழ் ஈழம்

தமிழ் தமிழீழம்[1]

இலங்கைத் தமிழ் முஸ்லீம் தேசிய இனங்கள் தமது தாயக பிரதேசமாக கருதும் இலங்கையின் வட-கிழக்கு மாகாணங்களை இணைத்த நிலப்பகுதி தமிழீழம் என அழைக்கப்படுகிறது.

English Tamil Eelam - Tamil Eelam
Tamil Eelam is a region and an independent state aspiration in South Asia. The name is derived from the ancient Tamil name for the island of Sri Lanka - Eelam. The area is home to indigenous Tamil people and some other ethnic groups. During the Tamil region's history, it has been an independent country, subordinate to different empires and a part of Sri Lanka for a certain amount of time. Existing as a separate nation for centuries, invasions of the island by European foreign powers transferred sovereignty of the region. A peaceful struggle for a reconstitution of Tamil sovereignty began shortly after the island gained independence from Britain in 1948. An armed quest of Tamil miltancy in the 1980s followed. Today the Tamil territories are administered under ► Sri Lanka. These include the entire districts of Kilinochchi, Mullaiththeevu, Mannar, Batticaloa, Vavuniya, Trincomalee and Amparai districts of the province.

Short name Tamil Eelam
Official  name Tamil Eelam
Status Region of ► Sri Lanka, disputed by Tamil National Alliance, Provisional Government of Tamil Eelam
Capital கிளிநொச்சி [2]
Population 3,162,254 inhabitants
Area 19,509 km²
Major  languages Tamil
Major  religions Hinduism, Christianity
More information Tamil Eelam, Geography of Tamil Eelam, History of Tamil Eelam and Politics of Tamil Eelam
More  images Tamil Eelam - Tamil Eelam (Category).

General maps

Location Tamil Eelam territorial claim.png Territorial claim by Tamil exile/diaspora groups

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps older than 70 years of this entry.

RobertKnox1681mapCeylonTamilcountrynortheast.jpeg Historic Tamil Eelam or "Coylot Wanees Malabar Contrey" in 1681.[3]
MapofEelamTamilcountryengraving1692.jpg Historic Tamil Eelam or "Coylot Wanees Malabar Land" in 1692 engraving of 1681 Robert Knox map.[4]

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Tamil Eelam, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Tamil Eelam.

Pandya territories.png Pandyas (100-1250)
LocationChola empire sm.png Chola Empire (1050)
Karta cholariket.jpg Chola Empire

Ethno-linguistic maps

Südasien Sprachfamilien.png Languages of South Asia
Indoarische Sprachen.png Indo-arian languages
Dravidische Sprachen.png Dravidian languages

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization: tamiḻ īḻam.
  2. Romanization: Kilinochchi.
  3. Robert Knox described in his book An Hostorical Relation of the island Ceylon walking into the Tamils' country on the island.
  4. Robert Knox described in his book An Historical Relation of the island Ceylon walking into the Tamils' country on the island.

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