Last modified on 4 June 2013, at 16:37

Atlas of the Caliphate

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Abbasids Dynasty 750 - 1258 (AD).PNG
Caliphate
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خلافة إسلام
العربية [1]خلافة إسلام)

لخلافة الاسلامية يمكن تعريفها بأنها نظام الحكم (المنظمة السياسية) التي أوجدها المسلمون بعد وفاة رسول العالمين محمد بن عبدالله صلى الله عليه وسلم لتولي قيادة المسلمين و إدارة شؤوون الجماعة الاسلامية و الدولة الاسلامية التي كانت قد بدأت مرحلة التوسع و نشر الدع

English Caliphate

The Caliphate (Arabic: was the state created by the prophet Muhammad. The first four caliphs were Muhammad's Sahaba (disciples); Abu Bakr, then Umar ibn al-Khattab, then Uthman ibn Affan, and the fourth was Ali ibn Abi Talib. Sunni Muslims consider Abu-Bakr to be the first legitimate Caliph, Shi'a consider Ali to have been the first truly legitimate Caliph, although they concede that Ali accepted his predecessors, because he eventually sanctioned Abu-Bakr. After these four caliphs, the Abbasid Dynasty, had fell apart, and the Fatimids from Kairouan took control, with a new capital in Egypt, Cairo.


Short name Caliphate
Official name(s) Caliphate
Status Country between 632 A.D. and 1258 A.D.
Location Middle East and North Africa, including Spain
Capital Medina, Damascus, Baghdad, Cairo
Major language(s) Arabic
Major religion(s) Islam
More information Caliphate.
More images Caliphate - Caliphate (Category).

Historical overview

ArabianpeninsulaAL.PNG The Caliphate at the death of Muhammad in 632
Arabische Rijk.jpg This map shows the expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
Age of Caliphs.png Age of the Caliphs
Califate 750.jpg Caliphate around 750
Arabempire isoch.png Abbasid Caliphate at the beginning of the dynasty
Abbasids786-809.png The Abbasid Caliphate under Harun al-Rashid (786-809)
Wilayah Abbasiyyah semasa khalifah Harun al-Rashid.jpg The provinces of the Abbasid Caliphate under Harun al-Rashid (786-809)
Abassid.PNG The Abbasid Caliphate in the mid-9th century
Arabische Eroberung 2.jpg Muslim expansion and the Muslim world ca 945
Fragmentation of the Abbasid Caliphate.jpg Fragmentation of the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th-10th centuries
East-Hem 600ad.jpg East Hemisphere in 600 AD
East-Hem 700ad.jpg East Hemisphere in 700 AD
East-Hem 800ad.jpg East Hemisphere in 800 AD
East-Hem 900ad.jpg East Hemisphere in 900 AD

Regional maps

Arab-Byzantine frontier zone.svg The Arab-Byzantine frontier zone in eastern Anatolia
Al-Jazira.svg The Jazira in the early Islamic period
Iraq under the Abbasid Caliphate.png Iraq under the Abbasids
Tahirid Khurasan ca 836 AD.svg Khurasan and eastern Iran ca. 836
Sind Eighth Century.svg Sind in the Umayyad period
Transoxiana 8th century.svg Transoxiana and Khurasan in the Umayyad period


Notes and references

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  1. No romanization.

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