The British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) comprises some 2300 tropical islands of the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia, around 6°S, 71°30'E. It is an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom (UK). Diego Garcia, the largest and southernmost island, occupies a strategic location in the central Indian Ocean and is the site of a joint military facility between the UK and the United States. The total land area of the Territory is 60 square kilometres.
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