Last modified on 22 February 2012, at 18:27

Category:Huang He

English: The Huáng Hé' (Yellow River) 黄河 — is the longest river in northern China, and the second longest river in all of China.
  • The basin of Huang He has historically been regarded as the cradle of Chinese civilization. The river is approximately 4600 km long to its mouth at the Yellow Sea.
  • Periodically, during the long history of human habitation in China, its course has changed radically after a great flood (six times during the period of recorded history). The second map below shows it as it has found an alternative path to the sea. An English nickname for the river is "China's Sorrow."
—Characteristics
Heavy burden of silt at all times, leading to its characteristic "yellow" or brown color, frequent extremely devastating floods, commercial importance for transportation and irrigation.
—Special features
Due to its importance for commercial navigation, it has regularly been dredged when it has become too silted up to permit free passage of larger boats. The material dredged from the bottom was dumped at the edge of the river, raising the altitude of the banks and permitting more silt to accumulate than the previous time before dredging became necessary again. The result was that over hundreds of years the river came to be elevated over the plains. Under those conditions, when one bank of the river becomes breached under those conditions then all of the water coming from upstream will necessarily flow out onto the plain, and the damages are immense.
中文: 黄河.
文言: 黃河.
Bân-lâm-gú: N̂g-hô.
粵語: 黃河.

Subcategories

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