English: Louis IV (Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Karl) (12 September 1837 - 13 March 1892), was the fourth Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine, reigning from 13 June 1877 until his death. Through his own and his children's marriages he was connected to the British Royal Family, to the Imperial house of Russia and other royal houses of Europe. On 1 July 1862, Louis married Princess Alice, the third child of Queen Victoria. Following the death of Princess Alice in 1878, Ludwig IV contracted a morganatic marriage on 30 April 1884 with Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska (3 September 1854-8 May 1941), the former wife of Alexander Kolémine, the Russian chargé d'affaires in Darmstadt. His second wife received the title Countess von Romrod. The marriage, which caused great concern within his family, was annulled within a year.
|By Princess Alice|
|Princess Victoria||5 April 1863||24 September 1950||married Prince Louis of Battenberg, later Marquess of Milford-Haven; had issue|
|Princess Elisabeth||1 November 1864||17 July 1918||Took the name Yelisaveta Fyodorovna on her baptism into the Russian Orthodox Church; married Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia (son of Alexander II of Russia); no issue|
|Princess Irene||11 July 1866||11 November 1953||married Prince Heinrich (son of Emperor Friedrich III of Germany); had issue|
|Prince Ernst Ludwig||25 November 1868||9 October 1937||Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (13 March 1892-9 November 1918); married (1) HRH Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; divorced
(2) HH Princess Eleonore zu Solms-Hohensolms-Lich; had issue
|Prince Friedrich||7 October 1870||29 May 1873||Suffered from haemophilia and died from internal bleeding after a fall from a window|
|Princess Alix||6 June 1872||17 July 1918||Took the name Alexandra Feodorovna on her baptism into the Russian Orthodox Church; married Tsar Nicholas II of Russia; had issue|
|Princess Marie||24 May 1874||16 November 1878||Died of diphtheria|
|By Alexandrina Hutten-Czapska, Countess von Romrod|
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
Media in category "Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse"
The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total.
- Bingen Denkmal Ludwig...
- Die Gartenlaube (1892)...
- Grand Duke Ludwig IV o...
- Kronprinz-Ludwig IV-vo...
- The Family of the Gran...
- The Hessian family in...
- The Hessian family wit...
- The Marriage of Prince...