English: Mahmud of Ghazni (Persian: محمود غزنوی , Maḥmūd-e Ghaznawī) (November 2 971–April 30 1030), also known as Yāmīn al-Dawlah Maḥmūd (in full: Yāmīn al-Dawlah Abd al-Qāṣim Maḥmūd Ibn Sebük Tegīn), was the ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire from 997 until his death. Mahmud turned the former provincial city of Ghazni into the wealthy capital of an extensive empire which included modern-day Afghanistan, most of Iran and Pakistan as well as regions in the northwest India (now). He was also the first ruler to carry the title Sultan, signifying his break from the suzerainty of the Caliph.
Media in category "Mahmud of Ghazni"
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