Last modified on 4 May 2014, at 16:09


Orissa in India (disputed hatched).svg
English: Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, is a state of India, located on the east coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal. It is the modern name of the ancient nation of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka in 261 BC. The modern state of Odisha was established on 1 April 1936 at Kanika Palace, Cuttack, as a province in India, and consists predominantly of Odia speakers. 1 April is therefore celebrated as Utkal Divas (Odisha Day). The narrow, level coastal strip, including the Mahanadi River delta supports the bulk of the population. Odisha is bordered by the states of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Bhubaneswar is the capital and largest city of the state of Odisha.
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଓଡ଼ିଶା ଭାରତର ପୂର୍ବ ଉପକୂଳରେ ସ୍ଥିତ ଏକ ରାଜ୍ୟ ଅଟେ । ଏହାର ପୂର୍ବରେ ବଙ୍ଗୋପସାଗର, ଉତ୍ତରରେ ଝାଡ଼ଖଣ୍ଡ, ପଶ୍ଚିମବଙ୍ଗ, ପଶ୍ଚିମରେ ଛତିଶଗଡ଼ ଓ ଦକ୍ଷିଣରେ ଆନ୍ଧ୍ର ପ୍ରଦେଶ ଅବସ୍ଥିତ । ଏହି ରାଜ୍ୟ ଏପ୍ରିଲ ୧, ୧୯୩୬ ରେ ଗଠିତ ହୋଇଥିଲା, ଏଣୁ ଏପ୍ରିଲ ପହିଲାକୁ ଉତ୍କଳ ଦିବସ ଭାବେ ପାଳନ କରାଯାଏ । କ୍ଷେତ୍ରଫଳ ଅନୁସାରେ ଏହା ଦେଶର ନବମ ବୃହତ୍ତମ ଓ ଜନସଂଖ୍ୟା ଅନୁସାରେ ୧୧ଶ ତମ ରାଜ୍ୟ ଅଟେ । ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଏହାରେ ମୁଖ୍ୟ କଥିତ ଓ ସରକାରୀ ଭାଷା ଅଟେ ।


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