Waldzither is a plucked string instrument of the cittern family, which came up around 1900 in Thüringen. Despite of name, it is not the zither, but rather belongs, almost like citern, the necked box lutes.
The Waldzither is a German type of cittern, as develop in other countries have their own cittern-variants; for example, the Portuguese guitar in Portugal, the English guitar in England, and the Irish bouzouki in Ireland.
- See also category: Zithers. for descendants of medieval Scheitholt, which was named in 19th century after "(neck) zither", the cittern family instruments in Germany.
- See also category: Lute guitars. for yet another instrument which share the name of "Deutsche Laute".
- cittern - (Thüringer) waldzither. ATLAS of Plucked Instruments. "The waldzither became popular in Germany in the first half of the 20th century. It is a far relative of the English guittar, but has only 5 courses (missing the 2nd lowest bass string). It is like a (4 course) Harzzither, with an extra (single) bass string."