Last modified on 6 October 2014, at 05:48

Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky

English: Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish language: Feliks Dzierżyński, Russian language: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian language: Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; September 11,1877 (old calender:August30) –July 20, 1926) was a Polish Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names during the history of the Soviet Union. The agency became notorious for large-scale human rights abuses, including torture and mass summary executions, carried out during the Red Terror and the Russian Civil War.[1]

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  1. Sergey Petrovich Melgounov. The Red Terror in Russia. London & Toronto: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. 1925