Last modified on 16 November 2013, at 10:49


  • Englishsometimes called "giant fennel."

Ferula communisEdit

Ferula assa-foetida L., syn. scorodosmaEdit

Ferula gummosa, syn. galbanifluaEdit


Silphium was an important member of the giant fennel family that grew in North Africa in Roman times. Its exact identification is unknown, and it may well represent an extinct species.