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Article 4 of the European Union Directive 2006/116/EC grants a term of 25 years "from the time when the work was first lawfully published or lawfully communicated to the public" for previously unpublished works. Article 5 grants a maximum term of 30 years for "critical and scientific publications of works which have come into the public domain". However, some countries (e.g. Germany) also have only a term of 25 years for the latter.