See also: Þingvellir/History
Pronunciation of the place name of ÞingvellirEdit
Location of ÞingvellirEdit
Þingvellir is located in the southwest of Iceland at about 45 km from Reykjavík and 35 km from w:Mosfellsbær. To get there, it is possible to take Road No. 1 in direction of Borgarnes and from Mosfellsbær Road No. 36 over Mosfellsheiði, or take Road No. 1 south in direction of Selfoss, then Road 35 and Road No. 36 from Þrastalundur (restaurant).
History of ÞingvellirEdit
During the Middle Ages, one of the oldest parliaments in the world met here in the summer time. (See also: Þingvellir/History )
Nature of ÞingvellirEdit
Not only is Þingvellir one of the key places re. the history of Iceland, but it is also very important in relation to the nature of the country, the homonymous Þingvellir Graben being part of the active rift and volcanic zone and as such of the w:Midatlantic Ridge, the region sprouting many species of plants and animals, typical for subarctic regions like Iceland, eg. the Arctic Char or the Polar fox.
Þingvellir National ParkEdit
Because of the importance for Iceland's history as well as for its riches of nature, there was founded in 1928 a national park (Thingvellir National Park) which comprises mostly the northeastern and eastern parts of the lake shores.