Atlas of Argentina
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The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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|Map of Argentina|
|Map of Argentina in Spanish|
|Map of Argentina in Spanish, showing the Provinces and the most important cities|
|Ciudad de Buenos Aires|
|Regions of Argentina|
|Territorial claims of Argentina inclusive Argentine Antarctica|
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Argentina, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Argentina.
|Europeans arrive in present-day Argentina in 1502 with the voyage of Amerigo Vespucci, and later in 1512 Juan Díaz de Solís arrives to the River Plate (Río de la Plata) seeking a passage to the South Sea (Pacific Ocean). Thinking that is not a river but rather an ocean, he calls it Sweet Sea ("Mar Dulce") because of the taste of its waters. The area is annexed to the Spanish Vice-Royality of Peru in 1534. Spain tries to establish a permanent colony on the site of Buenos Aires in 1536, but it is later abandoned due to the constant conflicts with the so far peaceful local indians and the consequent famine. In 1580, settlers from Asunción of Paraguay headed by Juan de Garay establish a permanent town called City of the Most Holy Trinity and Port of Our Laby of Buenos Ayres ("Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Ayres"), although initial settlement is controlled from Peru. This map shows the location of the Captaincy General of Chile inside Peru, which Buenos Aires limited to. The area of Argentina was divided between the governancy of Tucuman and the governancy of Guayra, later on called Rio de la Plata. After a century, the territory of the later was divided in the governancies of Paraguay and of Rio de la Plata, this one with its seat of government in Buenos Aires.|
|Spain further integrates Argentinean territory into its reformation of the empire by establishing the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata in 1776. Rio de la Plata declares independence from Spain in 1816 in the Congress of Tucumán as the United Provinces in South America. Although the country becomes independent, this does not mean that it is a true union. Especially the northwest provinces resist central authority. The years spreading from 1820 to 1853 find the provinces in almost permanent civil war between unitarist and federalist. 1826 is a markstone in disunification when a new unitarian constitution is written for the Republic of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata. After Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas is defeated by a coaligation in the Battle of Caseros, the civil war is ended. The country is worldwide known by then as the Argentine Confederation, later renamed into Argentine Republic. The constitution of 1853 accepts all the names so far given to the country as its official name, though for all official documents the name Argentine Nation (Nación Argentina) is preferred.|
For maps on the Falkland war, see the Atlas of the Falkland Islands.
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
|Rio de la Plata and Paraguay 1600 by Jodocus Hondius|
|Map of the lands under control of Paraguay and Buenos Aires, anno 1752|
|Map of Argentine, 1914|
Notes and references