The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
England - England
England is a nation to the northwest of Continental Europe and is the largest and most populous nation in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its inhabitants account for more than 85% of the total population of the United Kingdom, whilst the mainland territory of England occupies most of the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and shares land borders with ► Scotland to the north and ► Wales to the west. Elsewhere, it is bordered by the North Sea, Irish Sea (with the ► Isle of Man, Atlantic Ocean, and English Channel (with ► Guernsey and ► Jersey.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day England, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day England.
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.