Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.


Français la France - République française

La République française à la suite d'un long processus d'évolution étalé sur près de 2 000 ans d’histoire, est un État d’Europe dont le territoire métropolitain est situé en Europe de l’Ouest. La France est – parmi tous les grands États européens – le plus anciennement constitué, autour d’un domaine royal initialement centré sur l’Île-de-France, sa capitale étant Paris.

Occitan França - Republica francesa

França es un país de l'Euròpa occidentala, es la pàtria del pòble francés e forma un estat. França es, demèst totes los grands Estats europencs, lo mai ancianament constituat, a l'entorn d'un domeni reial inicialament centrat sus l'Illa-de-França, que sa capitala istorica e culturala es uèi París.

Català França - República Francesa

La República Francesa, és un estat d'Europa el territori metropolità del qual és situat en l'Europa de l'oest. França és - dins el conjunt dels països més grans d'Europa - el més antigament constituit, a l'entorn d'un domini reial inicialment centrat en l'illa de França, la seva capital és París. Catalunya-nord esdevé francesa el 1659 amb el tractat dels Pirineus (Tractat no oficial perquè no ha estat mai aprovat per les Corts Catalanes de Barcelona).

Frànkrich - Republik Frànkrich

Frankriich isch e Land, wo im weschtliche Europa leit. Es het ebbis meh wie sächzig Millione Ywohner un isch 543.965 km² groß un 's isch nooch Russland und dr Ukraine es dritt gröscht Land fun Europa. Es Elsass isch e Stickel fun Frankriich un d'r Sproch, wo mer spricht, isch Elsässerditsch.

English France - French Republic

The French Republic is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in Western Europe and which also comprises various overseas islands and territories located in other continents. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. France is bordered by ► Belgium (► Flanders and ► Wallonia), ► Luxembourg, ► Germany, ► Switzerland, ► Italy (with ► Aosta Valley), ► Monaco, ► Andorra, and ► Spain (with ► Catalonia, ► Navarre and ► Basque Country. In some of its overseas departments, France also shares land borders with ► Brazil, ► Suriname, and ► Sint Maarten (a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands). France is also linked to the ► United Kingdom via the Channel Tunnel, which passes underneath the English Channel.
France includes also the overseas regions/departments of ► Guadeloupe, ► French Guiana, ► Martinique, and ► Réunion, the overseas collectivity/region of ► Corsica, as well as ► French Polynesia, overseas country, ► New Caledonia, entity sui generis, ► Mayotte, departemental collectivity, and the other overseas collectivities of ► Saint-Barthélemy, ► Saint-Martin, ► Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, ► Wallis and Futuna as well as the uninhabited territories of ► Clipperton Island and the ► French Southern and Antarctic Lands.

Short name  France
Official name French Republic
Status Independent country since 843, member of the ► European Union since 1957. Modern state founded as the Fifth Republic in 1958. Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location Western Europe
Capital Paris
Population 64,898,000 inhabitants
Area 551,695 square kilometres (213,011 sq mi)
Languages French (official), Basque, Breton, Occitan, German (Alsacien), Dutch (West-Flemish), Catalan, Corsican
Religions Roman Catholic
More information France, Geography of France, History of France and Politics of France
More images France - France (Category).

General maps

Territoire de la République française sans la Terre Adélie.

Territory of the French Republic without Adélie Land.

Terres émergées de la République française à la même échelle géographique.

The lands making up the French Republic, shown at the same geographic scale.
Location within Europe

La France en Europe

La France et l'Union Européenne
Location of France

Situation de la France

Map of France
Carte anglophone de la France
Carte de la France (noms en français)
Map of Metropolitan French cities

Les villes de la France métropolitaine
Main cities and rivers of France

Blank map of Metropolitan France (Mercator projection)

Carte vierge de la France métropolitaine (projection Mercator)
Fond de carte des 18 régions de France à la même échelle géographique

Blank map of France's 18 administrative régions at the same geographical scale
Fond de carte des 101 départements de France à la même échelle géographique

Blank map of France's 101 departments at the same geographical scale
The 18 régions and 96 départements of metropolitan France

Les 18 régions et 96 département de la France métropolitaine
Prefectures in France

Les régions

Map of France

Carte de la France
Map of France

Carte de la France

French overseas territories

La France d'Outre-Mer

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day France, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day France.

Early history

Since 600 BC present-day France is inhabited by Celtic tribes, like the Belgae. This map shows the possible extent of (proto-)Celtic influence 800-400 BC
Extentention possible d'influence (proto-)Celtique, 800-400 BC
Celts in Europe
Celtes en Europe
Gallia in the 1st century.
Une carte du Gaul, au 1er ciècle AC
A map of Gaul showing tribes and cities

The Romans

57/51 BC-395: Roman Empire - includes present-day Belgium ► Roman Empire

In the first century BC the Roman Empire conquers Gaul, present-day France. Gaul remains part of the Roman Empire until the fifth century.
Développement territorial de l'Empire romain 264 AC-192, le conquêt de la France contemporaine inclu (Gaul
The invasion by Hannibal in the Punic Wars
L'invasion de Hannibal pendant les Guerres Puniques.
Roman Republic 100 BCE
Gallic Wars
Les provinces romains de Gaule
Roman provinces of Gaul: Gallia Narbonensis, Gallia Lugdunensis, Gallia Belgica and Aquitania
395-451: Western Roman Empire - includes present-day Belgium ► Roman Empire

After the division of the Roman Empire, Gaul become part of the Western Roman Empire. This map shows the Empire in 395.
La division de l'Empire-Romain en 406
Division of the Roman Empire in 406.
Invasions of the Roman Empire 100-500. These invasions lead to the collapse of the Roman Empire in Gallia.
451-486: Domain of Soissons - independent monarchy, de jure province of the Western Roman Empire

A small part of Gaul remains under control of Romans, who establish the Domain of Soissons, which existed from 451 until 486. This map shows in Gallia the renmants of the Western Roman Empire, which was the Domain of Soissons.
In the rest of Gaul, various Germanic tribes form their nations. Among them are the ► Franks, the ► Visigoths and the ► Burgunds.
Les invasions de l'Empire-Romain

The Franks

481-843: Frankish Empire - independent monarchy including present-day Belgium ► Frankish Empire

In 486 Clovis I, leader of the germanic tribe of the Franks, conquers the Roman territory {Domain of Soissons between the Loire and the Somme, subsequently unites most of northern and central France under his rule and adopts roman catholicism as the main religion. The Frankish Realm is often divided in at maximum four sub-kingdoms, like Neustria or Soissons, Austrasia or Reims,, Burgundy, Orléans, Paris and Aquitaine, but was at the outside considered to be one country. Times of division were alternated with times of unification. The Frankish Realm includes also large parts of what is now includes large parts of Gaul and what is now Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and North Italy. In 751 the Carolingian dynasty comes to power with Pepin the Short, but his succesor, Charlemagne reunites in 771 the Frankish domains. Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of the Romans, or Roman Emperor in the West, by Pope Leo III in 800. This map shows the rise of the Frankish Empire
843-987: West Frankish Empire (Regnum Francorum Occidentalis) - independent monarchy

Treaty of Verdun (843) and Treaty of Meerssen (870)
Division de l'Empire d'Occident
Division of the Frankish Empire after 870

Kingdom of France

987-1792: Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) - independent (feudal) monarchy

The Kingdom of France becomes a fact in 987. France develops into a feudal kingdom. This map shows France in the 10th Century.
La France au X siècle
France at the end of the 10th century
La France à la fin du Xe siècle
France in 1030.
La France en 1030
France in the 12th century.
La France au XIIe siècle
France in 1154
La France en 1154

Large parts are from 1187 under de facto English rule. Eastern parts of the country are more or less independent as Burgundy. This map shows France in 1223.
La France en 1223
La France en 1328
France in 1328
France in 1330
The beginning of the Hundred Years' War in 1337
Animated map of the Hundred Years' War
Treaty of Bretigny in 1360
France in 1429. Yellow is under English control, Green under Burgundian control.
Situation in 1435. The English and Burgundians were defeated in 1453.
France at the end of the 15th century
La France à la fin du XVe siècle
La France en 1477
France in 1477
Les agrandissements de la France aux XIVe s et XVe siècles
Growth of France, 14 and 15th century
L'évolution de la France sous François Ier
France from 1552 to 1798, showing territorial expansion during each reign
Same map in French
Les conquêtes de Louis XIV de 1648 à 1681
Conquests of Louis XIV 1648-1681
France 1701-1766
Ecclesiastal map
French provinces before the revolution

Revolution and expansion

Generalities in 1789
Map of the French Republic in 1800 after the Treaty of Campo Formio, achieving the long-held goal of the "natural borders" on the Pyrénées, the Alps and the Rhine.
French Empire 1811
Europe under Napoleon
Departments under Napoleon
France during World War II
Division of France during World War II
Division de la France
Division of France

French colonialism

Les empires coloniaux français
The French colonial empires
Extent of the French Empire from 1919 to 1939
French Equatorial Africa
French West Africa

History of other entities in present-day France



Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

  France in 1740 by Herman Moll
  France 1870

Regional maps, Cartes Régionales

  Location of the Basque Provinces
  Map of the Basque Provinces in Spain and France

Other maps

  Langues régionales et dialectes de France
Languages of France
  Divisions in French Regional Geology.
  Geologic map of France.
  Land use in Metropolitan France with legend, 2006.
  Map of the principal wine regions in France.
  French departments by legal population in 2013
  Population density by department (population per sq km)
  Population density in France at the time of the 1999 census. All territories are shown at the same geographic scale.
  Map of the 25 largest urban units by population.
  Solar potential
  PV capacity in watt-per-capita by region in 2013

0 - 1 watt   1 - 10 watts   10 - 50 watts   50 - 100 watts   100 - 200 watts   200 - 350 watts   350 - 500 watts

  Lorraine basin location on French coal basins map
  Centrales nucléaires
Nuclear plants
  French canals map
  France airport map
  Railway stations and the respective areas they serve on departure from Paris.
  Map of the French railways on which the TGV (LGV: blue; normal tracks: black) and Intercités (grey) SNCF trains run.
  Nature Parks in France
National natural park
Regional natural park

Satellite maps

  Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.

Entries available in the atlas

General pages
Continents and oceans
Historical eras
States with wide recognition
States with limited recognition
Dependencies and other overseas territories
Country subdivisions
China (mainland)
United Kingdom
United States
Disputed subnational territories
Other regions
Former sovereign states
Former dependencies and overseas territories
Former disputed territories