Atlas of Greenland
|Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World
The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
|Greenland in the Arctic region|
|Blank SVG map of Greenland, including Ice Cap contour|
|Map of the ice sheet thickness|
|Map of Greenland|
|Map of Greenland|
|Map of Greenland (in Russian)|
|Greenland in the Kingdom of Denmark|
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Greenland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Greenland.
|Erik the Red (950–1000), in Old Norse Eiríkur rauði, founded the first Nordic settlement in Greenland. This map shows Eriks Greenland|
|Maps showing the different cultures in Greenland, Labrador, Newfoundland and the Canadian arctic islands in the years 900, 1100, 1300 and 1500. The green colour shows the Dorset Culture, blue the Thule Culture, red Norse Culture, yellow Innu and orange Beothuk. The Norse settlements along the south-west coast eventually disappeared after about 450 years. The Inuit survived and developed a society to fit the increasingly forbidding climate.|
|This map shows Greenland as part of Denmark-Norway. Denmark-Norway (the Kalmar Union nonetheless claimed the territory, and after several centuries of no contact between the Norse Greenlanders and the Scandinavian motherland it was feared that they had lapsed back into paganism, so a missionary expedition was sent out to reinstate Christianity in 1721. However, since none of the lost Norse Greenlanders were found, Denmark-Norway instead proceeded to baptize the local Inuit Greenlanders and develop trading colonies along the coast as part of its aspirations as a colonial power. Colonial privileges were retained, such as trade monopoly. The colony of Greenland was established in 1775.|
|This map shows Denmark-Norwayincluding Greenland in 1780|
|From 1917 on the whole of Greenland is under Danish control. Norway annexed the eastern part of Greenland in 1932 and names it Erik the Red's Land (shown on the map). In 1933 the International Court rules in favour of Denmark and Norway withdrew.|
|During World War II, from 1941-1945, the United States protected the colony. In 1953 Greenland became a constituent part of Denmark. Greenland is granted autonomy in 1979.|
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
|17th century map of Greenland|
Notes and references