Atlas of Iraq

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Iraq

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العراق
عيَراق

العربية [1]العراق - جمهورية العراق


العراق هو احدى الدول العربية الواقعة في المشرق العربي، يقع في جنوب غرب القارة الآسيوية. يقع إلى الشمال من المملكة العربية السعودية، وإلى الجنوب من تركيا، والشرق من سورية و الأردن ، وإلى الغرب من ايران. هناك آراء مختلفة عن اصل كلمة العراق حيث يرجح بعض المستشرقين ان مصدرها هي مدينة أورك السومرية القديمة والتي تسمى الأن بالوركاء وقد ذكرت مدينة أورك في ملحمة گلگامش حيث قام گلگامش ببناء سور حول المدينة و معبد للآلهة عشتار ، يرى البعض الأخر ان العراق مصدرها العروق نسبة الى النهرين دجلة و الفرات اللتين ولاهميتيهما شبهتا بالعرق او الوريد ويرى البعض الأخر انها سميت بالعراق نسبة إلى عروق اشجار النخيل التي تتواجد بكثرة في جنوب و وسط العراق بينما يرى الأخرون ان اصل التسمية هي عراقة المنطقة الموغلة بالقدم

كوردي [2]عيَراق - كۆماری عێراق
English Iraq - Republic of Iraq

The Republic of Iraq is a country in Southwest Asia encompassing most of Mesopotamia as well as the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert. It shares borders with ► Kuwait and ► Saudi Arabia to the south, ► Jordan to the west, ► Syria to the northwest, ► Turkey to the north, and ► Iran to the east. It has a very narrow section of coastline at Umm Qasr on the Persian Gulf. In the north ► Iraqi Kurdistan has autonomous status.


Short name  Iraq
Official  name Republic of Iraq
Status Independent country since 1932
Location Middle East
Capital [3] بغداد (Baghdad)
Population 26,783,383 inhabitants
Area 438,317 km²
Major  languages Arabic, Kurdish (both official), Assyrian and Turkmen
Major  religions Islam
More information Iraq, Geography of Iraq, History of Iraq and Politics of Iraq
More  images Iraq - Iraq (Category).

General maps

Iraq-CIA WFB Map.png Map of Iraq
Iraq 2004 CIA map.jpg Map of Iraq
Irak karte2.png Map of Iraq
Iraqi Governorates (numbered).png Governorates of Iraq
Iraq 2003 occupation.png Occupation zones
[[|border|251x400px]] 1980 Tourist Map

Contents

Maps of Iraqi Kurdistan

  Location of Iraqi Kurdistan
  Kurdish-speaking area of Iraq
  Map of the Kurdish inhabited areas

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Iraq, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Iraq.

  Fertile Crescent
  Sumerians
  Ancient Mesopotamia
  Akkadian Empire around 2300 BCE
  Akkadian Empire
  The Assyrian Empire in the 9th to 7th centuries BC
  Deportation of the Jews by the Assyrian Empire
  Neo-Assyrian Empire
  Neo-Babylonian Empire
  Urartu at its greatest extent in the time of Sarduris II, 743 BC
  The Median Empire and Chaldean Empire (728-550 BCE)
  Median Empire
  The Achaemid Empire (Persia (648–330 BCE) at its greatest extent
  The Persian Achaemenid Empire
  The Persian Achaemenid Empire
  The Persian Achaemenid Empire
  The Expedition of Alexander the Great 334-323 BCE
  Map of the Empire of Alexander
  Map of the Empire of Alexander 334-323 BCE
  Map of the Empire of Alexander (Norwegian)
  Hellenistic successor states:
   Kingdom of Ptolemy
   Kingdom of Cassander
   Kingdom of Lysimachus
   Kingdom of Seleucus
   Epirus
Other states:
   Rome
  Hellenistic world in 200 BCE
  Greco-Bactrian kingdom (250-125 BCE)
  The Parthian Empire (250 BCE-226 CE)
  Map of Parthia 100 BC
  Territorial development of the Roman Empire 264 BC-192, including the conquest of present
  Roman conquest of Minor Asia
  Map of the Roman Empire in 50
  The extent of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
   133 BC
   44 BC (late Republic, after conquests by republican generals)
   AD 14 (death of Augustus)
   117 (maximum extension)
  Camps of the Roman Legions in 80
  Roman Empire in 117
  Roman Empire in 117
  Indo-Sassanide Empire
  The Persian Sassanian Empire (226-650) in 602 to 629, Strokes: Under Sassanid military control.
  Sassanide Empire
  Sassanide Empire
  Sassanide Empire
  Expansion of the Caliphate: I: Muhammad; II: Abu Bakr; III: Omar and IV: Othman
  Age of the Caliphs
  Caliphate around 750
  The region around 1000
  The Seljuq Empire 1037-1194
  Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
   Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

   Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
  The Timurid Empire 1405
  The Timurid Empire 1405
  The Persian Safavid Empire (1501-1722/1736)
  The Safavid Empire
  Growth of the Ottoman Empire
  Growth of the Ottoman Empire
[[|border|251x400px]] Map of the Ottoman Empire 1566
  Location of the Ottoman Empire in 1683
  Map of the Ottoman Empire 1801
  Operation Desert Storm
  No Fly Zones
  Approximate area and major clashes in which DU rounds were used
  Iraqi War 2003

Other maps

  Ethnic map of Iraq

Satellite maps

  Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization: al-`Irāq - Jumhūriyyat al-`IrāqX.
  2. Romanization: Îraq - Komara `Îraqê.
  3. Romanization: Baġdād.

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