Atlas of Navassa Island

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Navassa Island
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Navassa Island

English Navassa Island - Navassa Island

Navassa Island is a small, uninhabited island located in the Caribbean Sea south of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, east of Jamaica, and west of Haiti. It is an unincorporated territory of the United States and is administered from Washington, DC by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system. Haiti has claimed sovereignty over the island since 1801 and cites the island in its constitution.[1][2][3] Navassa Island is called La Navasse in French and Lanavaz or Lavash in Haitian Creole.


Short name Navassa Island
Official name Navassa Island
Status Unincorporated territory of the United States (American since 1857)
Location Caribbean
Capital
Population No inhabitants
Area 5.2 km²
Major language(s)
Major religion(s)
More information Navassa Island, Geography of Navassa Island, History of Navassa Island and Politics of Navassa Island
More images Navassa Island - Navassa Island (Category).

General maps

Situation de La Navase.png Location of Navassa Island
Navassa Island.svg Map of Navassa Island
NavassaIsland.jpeg Map of Navassa Island

In 1504, Christopher Columbus, during his fourth voyage to the New World, was stranded on the island of Jamaica and sent some crew members by canoe to the island of Hispaniola for help. The crew members stopped at Navassa Island on their way but found that there was no water there. They called the island Navaza (from "nava" meaning field or plain), and the island was subsequently avoided by mariners for the next 350 years. Despite Haiti's earlier claim, Navassa Island was claimed for the United States on September 19, 1857, by Peter Duncan, an American sea captain, under the Guano Islands Act of August 18, 1856 for the rich guano deposits found on the island and for its not being under the lawful jurisdiction of any other government or occupied by the citizens of any other government.[4] Haiti protested the U.S. government's annexation, but on July 7, 1858, U.S. President James Buchanan issued an executive order upholding the American claim and called for military action to enforce it. The U.S. government then began its administration of the island as an unincorporated territory of the United States. In 1917, the U.S. Lighthouse Service built a lighthouse on the island.

Satellite maps

 
 

Notes and references

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  1. Government of Haiti: Geography of Haiti (with French to English translation)[dead link]
  2. Serge Bellegarde (October 1998). Navassa Island: Haiti and the U.S. – A Matter of History and Geography. windowsonhaiti.com. Retrieved on February 6, 2008.
  3. Haiti: Constitution, 1987 (English translation).
  4. GAO/OGC-98-5 - U.S. Insular Areas: Application of the U.S. Constitution. U.S. Government Printing Office (November 7, 1997). Retrieved on March 23, 2013.

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