The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
Scotland - Scotland
Scotland is a nation in northwest Europe and one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom. It occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain and shares a land border to the south with ► England. It is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the southwest. To the north of Scotland lie the ► Faroe Islands, to the south-west lies ► Northern Ireland and the ► Isle of Man. Apart from the mainland, Scotland consists of over 790 islands.
Se dùthaich suidhichte ann an taobh a tuath Bhreatainn a th'ann an Alba. Bha i na rìoghachd neo-eisimileach gus an 18mh linn nuair a dh'aonaich Alba agus Sasainn airson Rìoghachd Bhreatainn Mòr a stèidheachadh anns am bliadhna 1707. Anns am bliadhna 1801 dh'aonaich Rìoghachd Bhreatainn Mòr le Rìoghachd na h-Eirinn airson an Rìoghachd Aonaichte a' chruthachadh. An 1999, chaidh Pàrlamaid na h-Alba a' chur air bhonn, far am bithear a' dèiligeadh ri gnothaichean poilitigeach a tha a' buntainn do dh' Alba a-mhàin.
Scotland (Gaelic: Alba) is a kintra in nor-wast Europe, an een o fower pairts that mak up the UK. It taks up the northren third o the Breetish island. The laund haes til its sooth the laund o Ingland, an is bund bi sea an ocean on aw ither sides.
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Scotland, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Scotland.
Map showing Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Areas denoted in green are those affected by frequent viking incursions but with little or no Scandinavian settlement.
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
1726 map of Scotland
Gaelic in Scotland
Dialects of Scots Language
Notes and references
The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.