Atlas of Svalbard
|Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World
The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
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|Location of Svalbard|
|Svalbard and Norway|
|Map in French of the archipelago|
|Topographic map of Svalbard|
|Orthographic projection over Svalbard|
|Map of Spitsbergen|
|Map of Bjørnøya|
This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Svalbard, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Svalbard.
|Spitzbergen is discovered by Norwegian fisherman in 1194 and rediscovered by the Dutchman Willem Barentz in 1596. In 1920 Norwegian sovereignity over what it calls Svalbard is recognized and in 1925 Norway officially annexes the islands. Between 1942 and 1943 Spitzbergen is occupied by Germany. Svalbard includes Bjornoya (Bear Island). Spitzbergen is administered as part of the mainland.|
This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.
|Portion of 1599 map of Arctic exploration by Willem Barentsz. Spitsbergen, here mapped for the first time, is indicated as "Het Nieuwe Land" (Dutch for "the New Land")|
Notes and references