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Atlas of the People's Republic of China

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China - Location Map (2013) - CHN - UNOCHA.svg
China

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg

中华人民共和国

中文 中国 - 中华人民共和国[1]

中华人民共和国 位於亚洲东部、太平洋西岸,陆上从东北至西南分别与亚洲的十餘个国家接壤,海上从东部至南部分别隔黄海、东海、南海与朝鲜半岛、日本列岛、东南亚相望,首都北京。中华人民共和国目前直接管辖中国的22个省、5个少数民族自治区及4个直辖市,并对2个特别行政区行使国防与外交主权;国土总面积约959.67万平方千米[2](实际管辖区域),仅次于俄罗斯、加拿大及美國而居世界第四;陆地总面积(不計河、湖)约932.64万平方千米,仅次于俄罗斯而列世界第二(注);人口超過13亿,是世界上人口最多的国家,佔全球人口的五分之一。

粵語[2] 中國 - 中華人民共和國[3]

中華人民共和國位於亞洲東部、太平洋西岸,陸上從東北至西南分別同亞洲嘅十幾個國家接壤,海上由東部至南部分別隔黃海、東海、南海同朝鮮半島、日本列島、東南亞相望,首都係北京。中華人民共和國目前直接管轄中國大陸22個省、5個少數民族自治區同埋4個直轄市,並對2個特別行政區行使國防同外交主權;國土總面積約960萬平方千米,僅次俄羅斯、加拿大、美國,居世界第四,陸地總面積約933萬平方千米,居美國、加拿大之前而列世界第二(注);人口逾13億,係世界上人口最多嘅國家。

English China - People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China is a country located mostly in East Asia, with a smaller proportion of its area located in Central Asia. It has borders with ► North Korea, ► Russia, ► Mongolia, ► Kazakhstan, ► Kyrgyzstan, ► Tajikistan with ► Gorno-Badakhshan, ► Afghanistan, ► Kashmir, disputed by China, ► Pakistan and ► India, ► Nepal, ► India, ► Bhutan, ► Myanmar, ► Laos and ► Vietnam, its own special administrative regions of ► Hong Kong and ► Macau. Furthermore it has maritime borders with ► South Korea, ► Japan, ► Taiwan (Republic of China (claimed by China) and the ► Philippines. It claims the ► Paracel Islands and the ► Spratly Islands, whch leads to additional borders with ► Indonesia, ► Malaysia and ► Brunei. With over one-fifth of the world's population, the PRC has the world's largest population. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.5 million km²), the PRC is the third or fourth largest country by area. China has five autonomous regions: ► Tibet, ► Xinjiang, ► Inner Mongolia, ► Ningxia and ► Guangxi.


Short name  China
Official  name People's Republic of China
Status Independent country, statehood since 1766 BCE. People's Republic proclaimed in 1949. UN member since 1971, recognized by 171 UN members. Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location East Asia
Capital 北京[4] (Beijing)
Population 1,315,844.000 inhabitants
Area 9,596.960 km²
Major  languages Mandarin Chinese (official), variations of Chinese and minority languages. Main other language is Cantonese.
Major  religions Chinese folk religion (worship of gods and ancestors, Confucianism and Taoism), Buddhism, non-religious population
More information China, Geography of the China, History of the China and Politics of the China
More  images China - China (Category).

General maps

ChinaGeography.png Geographic map of China
Ch-map cropped.jpg Map of China
China relief 2001.jpg Map of China
[[|border|251x400px]] Geographic map of China and surroundings (Chinese)
China topo.png Topographic map
ROC PRC comparison eng.jpg Comparison
China India eastern border.jpg Sino-Indian border, eastern section
China India western border 88.jpg Sino-Indian border, western section
China Universities Map.png Notable universities in China
China Sacred Mountains.png Sacred Mountains of China
Highways in China.png Highways of China

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.

Shanxi

History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day China, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day China.

Specific maps of the history of Taiwan are included in the Atlas of the Republic of China.
China Dynasties.gif China dynasties
Huang Di.png Huang Di (Ancient China and tribal unions)
Nine Provinces of China.png Map showing the period of Yu the Great and Xia dynasty (2070 - 1600 BC)
China 1.jpg Shang Dynasty (1600-1027 BC)
Battle of Muye.jpg Situation during the Battle of Muye
China 2a.jpg Zhou Dynasty (1027-221 BC)
States of Zhou Dynasty.png States of Zhou dynasty
Five Hegemons.png Five Hegemons of Spring and Autumn Period
Chunqiu map.jpg Spring and Autumn Period 722-481 BC)
Battle of Changshao.png Situation during the Battle of Changshao
Battle of Chengpu.png Situation during the Battle of Chengpu
Battle of Xiao.png Situation during the Battle of Xiao
Battle of Boju.png Situation during the Battle of Boju
Battle of Bi.jpg Situation during the Battle of Bi
China Warring States Period.jpg Warring States Period (5th century-221 BC)
Battle of Guiling.png Situation during the Battle of Guiling
Battle of Maling.png Situation during the Battle of Maling
Battle of Changping.png Situation during the Battle of Changping
Battle of Handan.png Situation during the Battle of Handan
Qin Unification.png Situation of Qin's unification of China (230 - 221 BC)
Qin empire 210 BCE.png Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE)
Qin map.jpg Qin Dynasty
China 3.jpg Qin Dynasty
Qin Dynasty.png Qin dynasty
Chu-Han Contention.png The Chu-Han contention
Rebellion of the Seven States.png The rebellion of seven states
Han Expansion.png The expansion of Han dynasty in 2th century BC
Han commanderies and kingdoms CE 2.jpg Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
Han map.jpg Han civilization 87 BCE
[[|border|251x400px]] Western Han dynasty(202 BC - 8 AD)
Xin Dynasty.png Xin dynasty(8 - 23)
Xin Dynasty Uprisings.png Lulin and Chimei Uprisings of Xin Dynasty
[[|border|251x400px]] Eastern Han dynasty(25 - 220)
Han Civilisation.png Han Civilization 2 BCE
Han foreign relations CE 2.jpg Han foreign relations
China 4a.jpg Western Han Dinasty
Han provinces.jpg Han Dinasty 189
Yellow Turban Rebellion.jpg Yellow Turban Rebellion
End of Han Dynasty Warlords.png Warlords of Han
China 5.jpg Three Kingdoms 220-280
Battle of Yiling.png Battle of Yiling
Three Kingdoms.png Three Kingdoms(220 - 280)
Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign.png Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign
Zhuge Liang 1st and 2nd Northern Expeditions.png Zhuge Liang 1st and 2nd Northern Expeditions
Zhuge Liang 3rd Northern Expedition.png Zhuge Liang 3rd Northern Expedition
Zhuge Liang 4th and 5th Northern Expeditions.png Zhuge Liang 4th and 5th Northern Expeditions
[[|border|251x400px]] Western Jin dynasty(265 - 317)
China Western Jin.PNG Western Jin Dynasty (265-316)
War of the Eight Princes.png War of the Eight Princes
Wu Hu Uprising.png Uprising of Five Barbarians
China Eastern Jin.PNG Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420)
Sixteen Kingdoms 317 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 317
Sixteen Kingdoms 326 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 326
Sixteen Kingdoms 338 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 338
Sixteen Kingdoms 350 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 350
Sixteen Kingdoms 376 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 376
Sixteen Kingdoms 391 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 391
Sixteen Kingdoms 398 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 398
Sixteen Kingdoms 402 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 402
Sixteen Kingdoms 406 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 406
Sixteen Kingdoms 416 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 416
Sixteen Kingdoms 423 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 423
Sixteen Kingdoms 436 AD.jpg Sixteen Kingdoms in 436
Battle of Fei River.png Battle of Fei River
Battle of Canhe Slope.jpg Battle of Canhe Slope
Ran Wei.png Duan Qi and Ran Wei kingdoms
Helian Xia.png Helian Xia kingdom
Huan Wen expeditions.png Huan Wen expeditions
Liu Yu expeditions.png Liu Yu expeditions
[[|border|251x400px]] Northern and Southern dynasties (420 - 589)
Northern and Southern Dynasties 1.png Northern Wei and Liu Song
Northern and Southern Dynasties 2.png Northern Wei and Southern Qi
Northern and Southern Dynasties 3.png Eastern Wei, Western Wei and Liang
Northern and Southern Dynasties 4.png Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen
Liu Song Division.png Liu Song dynasty
Northern Wei 464.png Northern Wei dynasty
China Divisions in 572.png Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen dynasties
Sui Dynasty.png Sui dynasty (581 - 618)
Cheui Dynasty 581 CE.png Territory of Sui
Sui Dynasty Uprisings.png Uprisings of Sui
Establishment of Tang Dynasty.jpg Establishment of Tang Dynasty
Battle of Hulao.png Battle of Hulao
Tang dynasty1.PNG China under the Tang Dynasty 608-907
China, 610.svg China in 610, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
China, 742.svg China in 742, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
Tang circuits 660.png Administrative divisions of Tang dynasty in 660-663
Ten Jiedushi of Tang.png The 10 major Jiedushi of Tang dynasty during Emperor Xuanzong's reign
Tang Tujue War.png Battle of Yinshan Mountains between Tang and Tujue
Tang-Tuyuhun War.png The conquest of Tuyuhun by Tang
Battle of Dafei River.png Battle of Dafeichuan between Tang and Tibetan Empire
Tang-Korean wars.png The wars between Tang and Korean kingdoms
Conquest of Western Turks.png The war between Tang and Western Tujue
Battle of Talas.png Battle of Talas
YiJingMap2.jpg Tang Dynasty
[[|border|251x400px]] Tang dynasty (618 - 907)
Khitan Rebellion.png Khitan Rebellion during Wu Zetian's reign
An Lushan Rebellion.png An Lushan Rebellion
Tang Fanzhen 820.png Fanzhens of Tang dynasty during Emperor Xianzong's reign
Huang Chao Uprising.png Huang Chao Uprising
[[|border|251x400px]] Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms(907 - 960)
Later Liang.png Later Liang
Later Tang.png Later Tang
Later Jin.png Later Jin
Later Han.png Later Han
Later Zhou.png Later Zhou
Conquest of Song Dynasty.png Establishment of Song Dynasty
Liao circuits.png Liao (Khitan) Dynasty and Northern Song
China 11a.jpg Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
Northern Song Circuits.png Northern Song
Northern Song Uprisings.png Uprisings of Song Jiang and Fang La in Song dynasty
China 11b.jpg Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and Western Xia
Jurchen Jin Circuits.png Jurchen Jin Dynasty
Song Jin Wars.jpg The wars between Song and Jurchen Jin
Battle of Qatwan.png Battle of Qatwan
Genghis khan empire at his death.png Empire of Genghis Khan at his death in 1227
Mongol Invasion of China.png Mongol invasion
Mongol Empire map.gif Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
   Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

   Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
Yuan Provinces.png Yuan dynasty (1271 - 1368)
Ming foreign relations 1580.jpg Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
Ming divisions.png Ming dynasty
Tumu Crisis.jpg Tumu Fort Crisis
Ming Turpan conflict.png Ming-Turpan Conflict
Battle of Ningyuan.png Battle of Ningyuan
Battle of Shanhai Pass.png Battle of Shanhai Pass
Southern Ming.png Southern Ming
Three Feudatories.png Three Feudatories rebellion
Ching 1700.png Qing Empire and nearby countries (1700)
[[|border|251x400px]] Qing dynasty
Qing China 1820.png Qing Dynasty (1820)
Ching Dynasty 1892.png Qing Dynasty (1892)
Qing viceroys.png Viceroys of Qing Dynasty
[[|border|251x400px]] Post Qing China
Map of Northern Expedition.png Situation during Northern Expedition
Chinese civil war map 02.jpg Civil War (1928-1937)
1930 Map of the Republic of China.JPG Republic of China (1930)
China Soviet Zones.png China Soviet Zones
Map of the Long March 1934-1935-en.svg The Long March of Red Army
China-Manchukuo-map.png Creation of Manchukuo as Japanse puppet state
Manchukuo map.png Map of Manchukuo
Japanese Empire2.png Growth of the Japanese Empire
Japanese Occupation - Map.jpg Japanese control after the Second Sino-Japanese War (1940)
Second Sino-Japanese War WW2.png Situation in 1940
Japanese plan for china - December 1941.jpg Japanese plans in 1941
Situation at the End of World War Two.PNG Situation in 1944
Japanese Ichigo Plan - April 1944.jpg Situation in April 1944 Ichigo Plan
China situation Oct1944.jpg Situation in October 1944
Chaing Kai-shek's Strategy 1947.PNG Chinese Civil War in 1947
Communist Offensives September through November 1948.PNG Chinese Civil War in 1948
Communist Offensives November 1948 - January 1949.PNG Chinese Civil War in early 1949
Communist Offensives April - October 1949.PNG Chinese Civil War in later 1949
Movement.png Movement of the Republic of China to Taiwan

Maps of ancient Chinese capital cities

Luoyang in Han Dynasty.gif Luoyang in Han Dynasty
Chang'an of Tang.jpg Xi'an in Tang Dynasty
Kaifeng in Northern Song.jpg Kaifeng in Song Dynasty
Nanjing in Ming Dynasty.jpg Nanjing in Ming Dynasty
Beijing in Ming and Qing Dynasties.jpg Beijing in Ming and Qing Dynasties
History of Xi'an.jpg History of Xi'an
Beijing history.jpg History of Beijing

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

China old map 1936.jpg Map of China 1936
Manchuria.jpg Map of Manchukuo

Contents

Maps of autonomous regions

see also Atlas of Hong Kong, Atlas of Macau and Atlas of Tibet
  Location of Inner Mongolia
  Tibet
  Xinjiang
  Nationalities of Xinjiang

Administrative divisions

  Agricultural regions

Satellite maps

  Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Zhōngguó - Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó.
  2. Yue Chinese (Cantonese)
  3. Only romanization of the short name: Heūnggóng.
  4. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Běijīng.

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Disputed subnational entities and territories
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Subnational autonomous entities
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Other regions
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Former sovereign nations
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Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles