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Atlas of the People's Republic of China

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Internet-web-browser.svg Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World

The Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons.
Discussion • Update the atlas • Index of the Atlas • Atlas in categories • Other atlases on line
The introductions of the country, dependency and region entries are in the native languages and in English. The other introductions are in English.
China - Location Map (2013) - CHN - UNOCHA.svg

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg


中文 中国 - 中华人民共和国[1]

中华人民共和国 位於亚洲东部、太平洋西岸,陆上从东北至西南分别与亚洲的十餘个国家接壤,海上从东部至南部分别隔黄海、东海、南海与朝鲜半岛、日本列岛、东南亚相望,首都北京。中华人民共和国目前直接管辖中国的22个省、5个少数民族自治区及4个直辖市,并对2个特别行政区行使国防与外交主权;国土总面积约959.67万平方千米[2](实际管辖区域),仅次于俄罗斯、加拿大及美國而居世界第四;陆地总面积(不計河、湖)约932.64万平方千米,仅次于俄罗斯而列世界第二(注);人口超過13亿,是世界上人口最多的国家,佔全球人口的五分之一。

粵語[2] 中國 - 中華人民共和國[3]


English China - People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China is a country located mostly in East Asia, with a smaller proportion of its area located in Central Asia. It has borders with ► North Korea, ► Russia, ► Mongolia, ► Kazakhstan, ► Kyrgyzstan, ► Tajikistan with ► Gorno-Badakhshan, ► Afghanistan, ► Kashmir, disputed by China, ► Pakistan and ► India, ► Nepal, ► India, ► Bhutan, ► Myanmar, ► Laos and ► Vietnam, its own special administrative regions of ► Hong Kong and ► Macau. Furthermore it has maritime borders with ► South Korea, ► Japan, ► Taiwan (Republic of China (claimed by China) and the ► Philippines. It claims the ► Paracel Islands and the ► Spratly Islands, whch leads to additional borders with ► Indonesia, ► Malaysia and ► Brunei. With over one-fifth of the world's population, the PRC has the world's largest population. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.5 million km²), the PRC is the third or fourth largest country by area. China has five autonomous regions: ► Tibet, ► Xinjiang, ► Inner Mongolia, ► Ningxia and ► Guangxi.

Short name  China
Official  name People's Republic of China
Status Independent country, statehood since 1766 BCE. People's Republic proclaimed in 1949. UN member since 1971, recognized by 171 UN members. Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location East Asia
Capital 北京[4] (Beijing)
Population 1,315,844.000 inhabitants
Area 9,596.960 km²
Major  languages Mandarin Chinese (official), variations of Chinese and minority languages. Main other language is Cantonese.
Major  religions Chinese folk religion (worship of gods and ancestors, Confucianism and Taoism), Buddhism, non-religious population
More information China, Geography of the China, History of the China and Politics of the China
More  images China - China (Category).

General maps

ChinaGeography.png Geographic map of China
Ch-map cropped.jpg Map of China
China relief 2001.jpg Map of China
[[|border|251x400px]] Geographic map of China and surroundings (Chinese)
China topo.png Topographic map
ROC PRC comparison eng.jpg Comparison
China India eastern border.jpg Sino-Indian border, eastern section
China India western border 88.jpg Sino-Indian border, western section
China Universities Map.png Notable universities in China
China Sacred Mountains.png Sacred Mountains of China
Highways in China.png Highways of China

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.


History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day China, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day China.

Specific maps of the history of Taiwan are included in the Atlas of the Republic of China.
Huang Di.png Huang Di (Ancient China and tribal unions)
Nine Provinces of China.png Map showing the period of Yu the Great and Xia dynasty (2070 - 1600 BC)
China 1.jpg Shang Dynasty (1600-1027 BC)
[[|border|251x400px]] Xia and Shang overview map
China 2a.jpg Zhou Dynasty (1027-221 BC)
[[|border|251x400px]] Zhou dynasty overview map
States of Zhou Dynasty.png States of Zhou dynasty
Chunqiu map.jpg Spring and Autumn Period 722-481 BC)
Battle of Changshao.png Situation during the Battle of Changshao
Battle of Chengpu.png Situation during the Battle of Chengpu
Battle of Xiao.png Situation during the Battle of Xiao
Battle of Boju.png Situation during the Battle of Boju
China Warring States Period.jpg Warring States Period (5th century-221 BC)
Battle of Guiling.png Situation during the Battle of Guiling
Battle of Maling.png Situation during the Battle of Maling
Battle of Changping.png Situation during the Battle of Changping
Battle of Handan.png Situation during the Battle of Handan
Qin Unification.png Situation of Qin's unification of China (230 - 221 BC)
Qin empire 210 BCE.png Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE)
Qin map.jpg Qin Dynasty
China 3.jpg Qin Dynasty
[[|border|251x400px]] Qin dynasty
Chu-Han Contention.png The Chu-Han contention
Rebellion of the Seven States.png The rebellion of seven states
Han Expansion.png The expansion of Han dynasty in 2th century BC
Han commanderies and kingdoms CE 2.jpg Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
Han map.jpg Han civilization 87 BCE
[[|border|251x400px]] Western Han dynasty(202 BC - 8 AD)
Xin Dynasty.png Xin dynasty(8 - 23)
[[|border|251x400px]] Eastern Han dynasty(25 - 220)
Han Civilisation.png Han Civilization 2 BCE
Han foreign relations CE 2.jpg Han foreign relations
China 4a.jpg Western Han Dinasty
Han provinces.jpg Han Dinasty 189
End of Han Dynasty Warlords.png Warlords of Han
China 5.jpg Three Kingdoms 220-280
[[|border|251x400px]] Three Kingdoms(220 - 280)
[[|border|251x400px]] Western Jin dynasty(265 - 317)
China Western Jin.PNG Western Jin Dynasty (265-316)
War of the Eight Princes.png War of the Eight Princes
Wu Hu Uprising.png Uprising of Five Barbarians
China Eastern Jin.PNG Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420)
[[|border|251x400px]] Eastern Jin dynasty and Sixteen Kingdoms (317 - 420)
Eastern Jin and Former Zhao.png Eastern Jin, Cheng Han and Former Zhao
Eastern Jin and Later Zhao.png Eastern Jin, Former Yan and Later Zhao
Eastern Jin and Former Qin.png Eastern Jin and Former Qin
Eastern Jin and Later Qin.png Eastern Jin and Later Qin
Eastern Jin and Helian Xia.png Eastern Jin, Northern Wei and Xia
Battle of Fei River.png Battle of Fei River
Ran Wei.png Duan Qi and Ran Wei kingdoms
Helian Xia.png Helian Xia kingdom
Huan Wen expeditions.png Huan Wen expeditions
Liu Yu expeditions.png Liu Yu expeditions
[[|border|251x400px]] Northern and Southern dynasties (420 - 589)
Northern and Southern Dynasties 1.png Northern Wei and Liu Song
Northern and Southern Dynasties 2.png Northern Wei and Southern Qi
Northern and Southern Dynasties 3.png Eastern Wei, Western Wei and Liang
Northern and Southern Dynasties 4.png Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen
[[|border|251x400px]] Sui dynasty (581 - 618)
Cheui Dynasty 581 CE.png Territory of Sui
Sui Dynasty Uprisings.png Uprisings of Sui
Tang dynasty1.PNG China under the Tang Dynasty 608-907
China, 610.svg China in 610, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
China, 742.svg China in 742, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
YiJingMap2.jpg Tang Dynasty
[[|border|251x400px]] Tang dynasty (618 - 907)
An Lushan Rebellion.png An Lushan Rebellion
Huang Chao Uprising.png Huang Chao Uprising
[[|border|251x400px]] Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms(907 - 960)
Later Liang.png Later Liang
Later Tang.png Later Tang
Later Jin.png Later Jin
Later Han.png Later Han
Later Zhou.png Later Zhou
China 11a.jpg Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
[[|border|251x400px]] Northern Song
China 11b.jpg Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and Western Xia
[[|border|251x400px]] Southern Song
Genghis khan empire at his death.png Empire of Genghis Khan at his death in 1227
Mongol Empire map.gif Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
   Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

   Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
[[|border|251x400px]] Yuan dynasty (1271 - 1368)
Ming foreign relations 1580.jpg Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
[[|border|251x400px]] Ming dynasty
Ching 1700.png Qing Empire and nearby countries (1700)
[[|border|251x400px]] Qing dynasty
Qing China 1820.png Qing Dynasty (1820)
Ching Dynasty 1892.png Qing Dynasty (1892)
[[|border|251x400px]] Post Qing China
Map of Northern Expedition.png Situation during Northern Expedition
Chinese civil war map 02.jpg Civil War (1928-1937)
1930 Map of the Republic of China.JPG Republic of China (1930)
Map of the Long March 1934-1935-en.svg The Long March of Red Army
China-Manchukuo-map.png Creation of Manchukuo as Japanse puppet state
Manchukuo map.png Map of Manchukuo
Japanese Empire2.png Growth of the Japanese Empire
Japanese Occupation - Map.jpg Japanese control after the Second Sino-Japanese War (1940)
Second Sino-Japanese War WW2.png Situation in 1940
Japanese plan for china - December 1941.jpg Japanese plans in 1941
Situation at the End of World War Two.PNG Situation in 1944
Japanese Ichigo Plan - April 1944.jpg Situation in April 1944 Ichigo Plan
China situation Oct1944.jpg Situation in October 1944
Chaing Kai-shek's Strategy 1947.PNG Chinese Civil War in 1947
Communist Offensives September through November 1948.PNG Chinese Civil War in 1948
Communist Offensives November 1948 - January 1949.PNG Chinese Civil War in early 1949
Communist Offensives April - October 1949.PNG Chinese Civil War in later 1949
Movement.png Movement of the Republic of China to Taiwan

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

China old map 1936.jpg Map of China 1936
Manchuria.jpg Map of Manchukuo


Maps of autonomous regions

see also Atlas of Hong Kong, Atlas of Macau and Atlas of Tibet
  Location of Inner Mongolia
  Nationalities of Xinjiang

Administrative divisions

  Agricultural regions

Satellite maps

  Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Zhōngguó - Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó.
  2. Yue Chinese (Cantonese)
  3. Only romanization of the short name: Heūnggóng.
  4. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Běijīng.

Entries available in the atlas

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Entities with undisputed sovereign status
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Entities with disputed sovereign status
Abkhazia • Azawad • China (Republic)/Taiwan • Islamic State • Kosovo • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic • New Russia • Northern Cyprus • Palestine • Somaliland • South Ossetia • Tamil Eelam • Transnistria • Western Sahara

Dependencies and other overseas territories
Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • American Samoa • Anguilla • Aruba • Ascension Island • Ashmore and Cartier Islands • Baker Island • Bermuda • Bouvet Island • British Indian Ocean Territory • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Christmas Island • Clipperton Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Cook Islands • Coral Sea Islands • Curaçao • Faroe Islands • French Guiana • French Polynesia • French Southern and Antarctic Lands • Gibraltar • Greenland • Guadeloupe • Guam • Guantanamo Bay • Guernsey • Heard Island and McDonald Islands • Hong Kong • Howland Island • Isle of Man • Jan Mayen • Jarvis Island • Jersey • Johnston Atoll • Kingman Reef • Macau • Martinique • Mayotte • Midway Atoll • Montserrat • Navassa Island • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Palmyra Atoll • Pitcairn Islands • Puerto Rico • Réunion • Saint Helena • Saint-Barthélemy • Saint Martin (France) • Sint Maarten (Netherlands) • Saint-Pierre and Miquelon • Svalbard • Tokelau • Tristan da Cunha • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

Disputed subnational entities and territories
Crimea • Cyrenaica • Galmudug • Himan and Heeb • Jubaland • Kashmir • Khatumo • Kurdistan (Syrian) • Paracel Islands • Puntland • Spratly Islands • Falkland Islands • South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands • Bajo Nuevo Bank • Serranilla Bank • Southwestern Somalia

Subnational autonomous entities
Aceh • Adjara • Adygea • Altai • Andalusia • Aosta Valley • Aragon • Asturias • Athos • Azores • Balearic Islands • Bashkortostan • Basque Autonomous Community • Bonaire • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation of) • Bougainville • Brussels • Buryatia • Canary Islands • Catalonia • Chechnya • Chuvashia • Corsica • Dagestan • Easter Island • England • Extremadura • Flanders • Friuli-Venezia Giulia • Gagauzia • Galicia • Galápagos Islands • Gorno-Badakhshan • Guangxi • Ingushetia • Inner Mongolia • Kabardino-Balkaria • Kalmykia • Karachay-Cherkessia • Karakalpakstan • Karelia • Khakassia • Komi • Kurdistan (Iraqi) • Madeira • Mari El • Muslim Mindanao • Mordovia • Nakhichevan • Navarre • Nevis • Ningxia • North Ossetia-Alania • Northern Ireland • Nunatsiavut • Quebec • Saba • Sakha • Sardinia • Scotland • Sicily • Sint Eustatius • Srpska • Tatarstan • Tibet • Tłı̨chǫ • Trentino-Alto Adige • Tuva • Udmurtia • Vojvodina • Wales • Wallonia • Xinjiang • Zanzibar

Other regions
Basque Country • Burzenland • Catalan Countries • Frisia • Kurdistan • Manchuria • Sandžak • Sápmi • Svenskfinland • Székely Land • Transylvania

Former sovereign nations
Austria-Hungary • Byzantine Empire • Caliphate • Czechoslovakia • Republic of West Florida • Frankish Empire • Kingdom of Hawaiʻi • Inca Empire • Iroquois Confederacy • Macedonian Empire • Ottoman Empire • Prussia • Roman Empire • Soviet Union • Republic of Texas • Vermont Republic • Yugoslavia

Former dependencies and overseas territories
Netherlands Antilles