Atlas of the People's Republic of China

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China - Location Map (2013) - CHN - UNOCHA.svg

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg


中文 中国 - 中华人民共和国[1]

中华人民共和国 位於亚洲东部、太平洋西岸,陆上从东北至西南分别与亚洲的十餘个国家接壤,海上从东部至南部分别隔黄海、东海、南海与朝鲜半岛、日本列岛、东南亚相望,首都北京。中华人民共和国目前直接管辖中国的22个省、5个少数民族自治区及4个直辖市,并对2个特别行政区行使国防与外交主权;国土总面积约959.67万平方千米[2](实际管辖区域),仅次于俄罗斯、加拿大及美國而居世界第四;陆地总面积(不計河、湖)约932.64万平方千米,仅次于俄罗斯而列世界第二(注);人口超過13亿,是世界上人口最多的国家,佔全球人口的五分之一。

粵語[2] 中國 - 中華人民共和國[3]


English China - People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China is a country located mostly in East Asia, with a smaller proportion of its area located in Central Asia. It has borders with ► North Korea, ► Russia, ► Mongolia, ► Kazakhstan, ► Kyrgyzstan, ► Tajikistan with ► Gorno-Badakhshan, ► Afghanistan, ► Kashmir, disputed by China, ► Pakistan and ► India, ► Nepal, ► India, ► Bhutan, ► Myanmar, ► Laos and ► Vietnam, its own special administrative regions of ► Hong Kong and ► Macau. Furthermore it has maritime borders with ► South Korea, ► Japan, ► Taiwan (Republic of China (claimed by China) and the ► Philippines. It claims the ► Paracel Islands and the ► Spratly Islands, whch leads to additional borders with ► Indonesia, ► Malaysia and ► Brunei. With over one-fifth of the world's population, the PRC has the world's largest population. At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.5 million km²), the PRC is the third or fourth largest country by area. China has five autonomous regions: ► Tibet, ► Xinjiang, ► Inner Mongolia, ► Ningxia and ► Guangxi.

Short name  China
Official name People's Republic of China
Status Independent country, statehood since 1766 BCE. People's Republic proclaimed in 1949. UN member since 1971, recognized by 171 UN members. Permanent Member of the UN Security Council.
Location East Asia
Capital 北京[4] (Beijing)
Population 1,395,380,000 inhabitants
Area 9,596.960 km²
Major languages Mandarin Chinese (official), variations of Chinese and minority languages. Main other language is Cantonese.
Major religions Chinese folk religion (worship of gods and ancestors, Confucianism and Taoism), Buddhism, non-religious population
More information China, Geography of the China, History of the China and Politics of the China
More images China - China (Category).

General maps

ChinaGeography.png Geographic map of China
Geographic Map of China.png Geography of China
Ch-map cropped.jpg Map of China
China relief 2001.jpg Map of China
China topo.png Topographic map
ROC PRC comparison eng.jpg Comparison
China India eastern border.jpg Sino-Indian border, eastern section
China India western border 88.jpg Sino-Indian border, western section
C9 League.png C9 League top universities
China Museums.png China 1st-Grade National Museums
China Sacred Mountains.png Sacred Mountains of China
Highways in China.png Highways of China
Yangtze River Delta.png Yangtze River Delta city belt
Chine Railway High Speed.png Chine High Speed Railways
China grottoes.png China grottoes
Major Chinese Cities 2020.png Major cities

Maps of divisions

This section holds maps of the administrative divisions.


History maps

This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day China, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day China.

Specific maps of the history of Taiwan are included in the Atlas of the Republic of China.
  China dynasties
  Huang Di (Ancient China and tribal unions)
  Map showing the period of Yu the Great and Xia dynasty (2070 - 1600 BC)
  Shang Dynasty (1600-1027 BC)
  Situation during the Battle of Muye
  Zhou Dynasty (1027-221 BC)
  States of Zhou dynasty
  Five Hegemons of Spring and Autumn Period
  Spring and Autumn Period 722-481 BC)
  Situation during the Battle of Changshao
  Situation during the Battle of Chengpu
  Situation during the Battle of Xiao
  Situation during the Battle of Boju
  Situation during the Battle of Bi
  Journey of Confucius
  Early Warring States Period
  Warring States Period (5th century-221 BC)
  Situation during the Battle of Guiling
  Situation during the Battle of Maling
  Situation during the Battle of Changping
  Situation during the Battle of Handan
  Situation of Qin's unification of China (230 - 221 BC)
  Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE)
  Qin Dynasty
  Qin Dynasty
  Qin dynasty
  Uprisings of Qin Dynasty
  The Chu-Han contention
  The rebellion of seven states
  The expansion of Han dynasty in 2th century BC
  Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
  Han civilization 87 BCE
  Xin dynasty(8 - 23)
  Lulin and Chimei Uprisings of Xin Dynasty
  Han Civilization 2 BCE
  Han foreign relations
  Western Han Dinasty
  Han Dinasty 189
  Yellow Turban Rebellion
  Warlords of Han
  Three Kingdoms 220-280
  Battle of Yiling
  Three Kingdoms(220 - 280)
  Zhuge Liang's Southern Campaign
  Zhuge Liang 1st and 2nd Northern Expeditions
  Zhuge Liang 3rd Northern Expedition
  Zhuge Liang 4th and 5th Northern Expeditions
[[|border|251x400px]] Western Jin dynasty(265 - 317)
  Western Jin Dynasty (265-316)
  War of the Eight Princes
  Uprising of Five Barbarians
  Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420)
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 317
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 326
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 338
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 350
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 376
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 391
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 398
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 402
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 406
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 416
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 423
  Sixteen Kingdoms in 436
  Battle of Fei River
  Battle of Canhe Slope
  Duan Qi and Ran Wei kingdoms
  Helian Xia kingdom
  Huan Wen expeditions
  Liu Yu expeditions
  Northern Wei and Liu Song
  Northern Wei and Southern Qi
  Eastern Wei, Western Wei and Liang
  Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen
  Liu Song dynasty
  Northern Wei dynasty
  Northern Qi, Northern Zhou and Chen dynasties
  Sui dynasty (581 - 618)
  Territory of Sui
  Uprisings of Sui
  Establishment of Tang Dynasty
  Battle of Hulao
  China under the Tang Dynasty 608-907
  China in 610, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
  China in 742, (Tang Dynasty 608-907)
  Administrative divisions of Tang dynasty in 660-663
  The 10 major Jiedushi of Tang dynasty during Emperor Xuanzong's reign
  Battle of Yinshan Mountains between Tang and Tujue
  The conquest of Tuyuhun by Tang
  Battle of Dafeichuan between Tang and Tibetan Empire
  The wars between Tang and Korean kingdoms
  The war between Tang and Western Tujue
  Battle of Talas
  Tang Dynasty
  Khitan Rebellion during Wu Zetian's reign
  An Lushan Rebellion
  Fanzhens of Tang dynasty during Emperor Xianzong's reign
  Huang Chao Uprising
  Balhae Kingdom
  Kingdom of Khotan
  Later Liang
  Later Tang
  Later Jin
  Later Han
  Later Zhou
  Establishment of Song Dynasty
  Liao (Khitan) Dynasty and Northern Song
  Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127)
  Northern Song
  Uprisings of Song Jiang and Fang La in Song dynasty
  Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and Western Xia
  Western Xia kingdom
  Dali Kingdom
  Jurchen Jin Dynasty
  The wars between Song and Jurchen Jin
  Western Liao
  Battle of Qatwan
  Empire of Genghis Khan at his death in 1227
  Mongol invasion
  Map showing changes in borders of the Mongol Empire from founding by Genghis Khan in 1206, Genghis Khan's death in 1227 to the rule of Kublai Khan (1260–1294). (Uses modern day borders)
  Mongol Empire

By 1294 the empire had split into:

  Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty)
  Yuan dynasty (1271 - 1368)
  Uprisings and warlords before the end of Yuan dynasty
  Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
  Ming dynasty
  Great Wall and Nine Garrisons of Ming Dynasty
  Tumu Fort Crisis
  Ming-Turpan Conflict
  Battle of Ningyuan
  Battle of Shanhai Pass
  Southern Ming
  Three Feudatories rebellion
  Qing Empire and nearby countries (1700)
  Qing Dynasty (1820)
  Qing Dynasty (1892)
  Boxer Rebellion
  Mutual Protection of Southeast
  Viceroys of Qing Dynasty
  Situation during Northern Expedition
  Civil War (1928-1937)
  Republic of China (1930)
  China Soviet Zones
  Central Plains War
  The Long March of Red Army
  Battle of Luding Bridge
  Creation of Manchukuo as Japanse puppet state
  Map of Manchukuo
  Growth of the Japanese Empire
  Japanese control after the Second Sino-Japanese War (1940)
  Situation in 1940
  Japanese plans in 1941
  Situation in 1944
  Situation in April 1944 Ichigo Plan
  Situation in October 1944
  Chinese Civil War in 1947
  Chinese Civil War in 1948
  Chinese Civil War in early 1949
  Chinese Civil War in later 1949
  Three Campaigns of Chinese Civil War
  Pingjin Campaign
  Movement of the Republic of China to Taiwan
  Hainan Island Campaign

Maps of ancient Chinese capital cities

  Luoyang in Han Dynasty
  Xi'an in Tang Dynasty
  Kaifeng in Song Dynasty
  Dadu in Yuan Dynasty
  Nanjing in Ming Dynasty
  Beijing in Ming and Qing Dynasties
  History of Xi'an
  History of Beijing

Old maps

This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old.

  Map of China 1936
  Map of Manchukuo

Maps of autonomous regions

see also Atlas of Hong Kong, Atlas of Macau and Atlas of Tibet
  Location of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
  Tibet Autonomous Region
  Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
  Nationalities of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

Administrative divisions

  Agricultural regions

Satellite maps

  Satellite map

Notes and references

General remarks:

  • The WIKIMEDIA COMMONS Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and historical maps available at Wikimedia Commons. The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
  • Every entry has an introduction section in English. If other languages are native and/or official in an entity, introductions in other languages are added in separate sections. The text of the introduction(s) is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to. The same goes for the texts in the history sections.
  • Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries.
  • The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned.
  • The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country. For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey.
  1. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Zhōngguó - Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó.
  2. Yue Chinese (Cantonese)
  3. Only romanization of the short name: Heūnggóng.
  4. Romanization according to the Hanyu Pinyin standard: Běijīng.

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Disputed subnational entities and territories
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Netherlands Antilles

Former disputed territories
Tamil Eelam