East German Volkspolizei at ceremony for the official opening of the Brandenburg Gate, December 22, 1989
Photos Taken after 1990Edit
Remaining Parts of Front WallEdit
The term „Berlin Wall“ describes both the fortifications at the border around West Berlin in general as well as the front wall („Vorderes Sperrelement“) of the „death strip“ in particular. Only three shorter front wall sections (at Niederkirchnerstraße, at Bernauer Straße and at Liesenstraße) still exist.
Run of Removed Front WallEdit
On public streets and places, the run of removed parts of the front wall is marked by double cobblestone rows and copper strips throughout Berlin. At some places like Potsdamer Platz, segments removed at other parts of the Wall serve the same purpose.
A rear wall („Hinterlandmauer“ or „Hinterlandsicherungsmauer“) or a rear fence secured the „death strip“ on the East Berlin side. The rear wall was usually smaller than the front wall. However, remaining stretches of the rear wall are often mistaken for front wall sections where they have the same height and outlook (e.g. at Potsdamer Platz and at Mühlenstraße). Shorter and longer segments of the rear wall remain in place throughout Berlin, by far the longest and most prominent forming the 1,300 meters long „East Side Gallery“ at Mühlenstraße.
God! Help me survive amid this mortal love, by Dmitri Vrubel, 1989
rear wall at Invalidenfriedhof cemetery with display boards telling the history of this border section
As a memorial on a graveyard, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtnis-Friedhof
Border guards oversaw the „death strip“ from watchtowers, 302 of which ringed West-Berlin in 1989. A group of watchtowers was controlled by guards on the more massive directing towers („Führungsstellen“). Only two ordinary watchtowers are still standing, both of which have been removed from their original sites. Three directing towers remain in place.
Other Parts of Border FortificationsEdit
Museums, Memorials and ArtEdit
Memorial in Berlin-Treptow, remembering 15 killed refugees from Treptow, including two boys
sculpture „Wiedervereinigung“ (“reunification”) by Hildegard Leest (1962), near former border crossing Chausseestraße
Falkplatz, Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg
Ebertstraße ggü 25, Berlin-Tiergarten