Category:Auguste Jean-Baptiste Tauleigne
English: The Abbe Tauleigne (1870 - 1926), of Pontigny, near Auxerre (Yonne, Burgundy), was awarded the silver medal of the Carnegie Trust prize and five thousand francs in recognition of the devotion with which he has followed his scientific studies despite grave illness due to his experiments with X-rays during the 1st world war. Facing the urgency of saving soldiers' lives who had foreign bodies in them (bullets & other such), he exposed himself at great lengths to X-rays to find out how to locate said foreign bodies with precision and preserve the already wounded from more wounding. One of his achievements in radiology was his "pantoscope", solving the problem of pictures blurred because of the reflex projection of opaque tissues in the body, of great service in surgery during the war. By means of his "radiostereometre," another invention of his, the location of the exact position of bullets was rendered possible ; while an examination of the thickest parts of the human body was facilitated by his " antidiffuseur." Concerning wireless communications, he built an electromagnetic relay in his presbytery at Pontigny which allowed the transcription on paper strips of Morse messages sent from the Eiffel Tower 150 km away. Later he built another relay that allowed the reception of wireless telephone transmissions within 250 km. An apparatus to localize enemy submarines was an invention which was much valued by the French navy. In photography, he patented a device that allowed multiple reproductions of colour photos, giving a better quality than that which existed at the time - one among several notable inventions in that domaine. The Abbe Tauleigne died from exposure to X-rays sustained in his quest to save lives during the war, his later years more and more blighted with serious and various illnesses
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