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English: Carchemish — Karchemish archaeological site — on the border of southeastern Anatolia, Turkey and northwestern Syria.
  • An early Eurasian settlement (c. 2,400 - 600 BCE) on the west bank of the middle Euphrates, in the Fertile Crescent region.
  • An important ancient capital, for independent city-states, and as part of the Mitanni, Hittite, and Neo Assyrian Empires.
  • Hittite: Kargamiš; Greek: Εὔρωπος; Latin: Europus.