This category is about Edom, an ancient people and culture that arose in Southern Canaan during the Iron Age (13th century BCE). Their land is the modern-day Negev or the Southern side of the states Israel and Jordan. The Bible states that the Edomites were descended of Esau, Jacob's older twin brother, which makes them the closest Biblical nation to the Israelites. The Edomites were eventually conquered and converted into Judaism by John Hyrcanus and then assimilated during the late Second Temple period (125–112 BCE) into the Jews of Israelite origin.