Category:Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany
Having maintained its neutrality during World War I, Norwegian foreign and military policy since 1933 was largely influenced by three factors:
- Fiscal austerity promoted by the conservative parties
- Pacifism promoted by the Norwegian Labour Party
- A doctrine of neutrality, on the assumption that there would be no need to bring Norway into a war if she remained neutral
These three factors met resistance as tensions grew in Europe in the 1930s, initially from Norwegian military staff and right-wing political groups, but increasingly also from individuals within the mainstream political establishment and, it has since come to light, by the king, behind the scenes. By the late 1930's, the Norwegian parliament had accepted the need for a strengthened military and expanded the budget accordingly, even by assuming national debt. As it turned out, most of the plans enabled by the budgetary expansion were not completed in time.
Although the principle of neutrality had been held sacrosanct until the invasion was a fait accompli, it was known throughout the government that Norway, above all, did not want to be at war with the United Kingdom. Several incidents in Norwegian maritime waters, notably the Altmark incident in Jøssingfjorden, put great strains on Norway's ability to assert its neutrality. By the fall of 1939, there was an increasing sense of urgency that Norway had to prepare to not just protect its neutrality but indeed to fight for its "freedom and independence." Efforts to improve military readiness and capability, and to sustain an extended blockade, were intensified between September of 1939 and April of 1940.Norway managed to negotiate favorable trade treaties both with the United Kingdom and Germany under these conditions, but it became increasingly clear that both countries had a strategic interest in denying the other access to Norway.
This category has the following 11 subcategories, out of 11 total.
- ► Bunkeren under Oslo handelsgymnasium (22 F)
- ► HKB 31./974 Ulvingen (2 F)
- ► Lebensborn in Norway (13 F)
- ► World War II forces of Germany in Norway (21 C, 326 F)
Media in category "Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany"
The following 200 files are in this category, out of 263 total.(previous page) (next page)
- 5 cm KwK, Bodøsjøen.JPG 3.98 MB
- Batterie979 1.jpg 96 KB
- Battle of Norway.jpg 300 KB
- Forbud 1944.jpg 43 KB
- Fra Guldbergsiden.jpg 1.23 MB
- Kirkenes burning.jpg 22 KB
- Kongefamilien 1945.jpg 35 KB
- Kråkerøy fergested.jpg 1.17 MB
- Militærparade foran Slottet..jpg 1.13 MB
- NS-monumentet.jpeg 119 KB
- NSB Di 1 nr.601.jpg 42 KB
- Oppdal (1942) (26968922524).jpg 1.85 MB
- Oyholmen flyradar 0742.JPG 4.24 MB
- Oyholmen flyradar 0756.JPG 5.75 MB