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English: The Partition of India (Hindi: हिंदुस्तान का बटवारा, Devanagari: Hindustān ka Batwārā, Hindustani: ہندوستان کی تقسیم (Nastaleeq) Hindustān ki Taqseem) was the partition of British India on the basis of religious demographics that led to the creation on 15 August 1947 of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of Bangladesh) and the Union of India (later Republic of India), promulgated in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Indian Empire. The struggle between the new dominions of India and Pakistan which resulted from the partition displaced up to 12.5 million people in the former British Indian Empire, with estimates of loss of life varying from several hundred thousand to a million.[The violent nature of the partition created an atmosphere of mutual hostility and suspicion between India and Pakistan that plagues their relationship to this day. The partition of India included the geographical division of the Bengal province of British India into East Bengal, which became part of the Dominion of Pakistan (from 1956, East Pakistan, until independence as Bangladesh in 1971) and West Bengal, which became part of India; and the similar partition of the Punjab province into West Punjab (later the Pakistani Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory) and East Punjab (later the Indian Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh). The partition deal also included the division of Indian government assets, including the Indian Civil Service, the Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian railways and the central treasury, and other administrative services. In the aftermath of Partition, the princely states of India were all incorporated into one or other of the new dominions, in almost all cases by the ruler signing as instrument of accession. The question of the choice to be made in this connection by Jammu and Kashmir led to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 and other wars and conflicts between India and Pakistan.
partition of India 
partition of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947
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Instance of civil war,
partition
Point in time 15 August 1947
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Partición de la India (es); Skipting Indlands (is); Pembahagian India (ms); Разделяне на Британска Индия (bg); Hindistan'ın bölünmesi (tr); 印巴分治 (zh-hk); Indiens delning (sv); Розділ Британської Індії (uk); 印巴分治 (zh-hant); 印巴分治 (zh-cn); D Däilig vo Indie (gsw); 인도의 분할 (ko); Dispartigo de Hindio (eo); поделба на Индија (mk); ভারত বিভাগ (bn); partition des Indes (fr); भारताची फाळणी (mr); Sự chia cắt Ấn Độ (vi); Verdeling van Indië (af); Подела Индије (sr); 印巴分治 (zh-sg); Энэтхэгийн хуваагдал (mn); Delinga av Britisk India (nn); Delingen av Britisk India (nb); Pamisahan India (su); India jagaminõ (vro); ಭಾರತದ ವಿಭಜನೆ (kn); partition of India (en); تقسيم الهند (ar); 印巴分治 (yue); ભારતના ભાગલા (gu); Indiaren banaketa (eu); Partición de la India (ast); Partició de l'Índia (ca); Teilung Indiens (de); Подела Индије (sr-ec); 印巴分治 (zh); Indiens deling (da); ბრიტანეთის ინდოეთის გაყოფა (ka); インド・パキスタン分離独立 (ja); ඉන්දියාව බෙදා වෙන් කිරීම (si); भारतस्य विभजनम् (sa); भारत का विभाजन (hi); భారతదేశ విభజన (te); Intian jako (fi); இந்தியப் பிரிவினை (ta); partizione dell'India (it); Partição da Índia (pt); deling van Brits-Indië (nl); Podela Indije (sr-el); ਭਾਰਤ ਦੀ ਵੰਡ (pa); भारतको विभाजन (ne); חלוקת הודו (he); Pemisahan India (id); podział Indii (pl); ഇന്ത്യയുടെ വിഭജനം (ml); 印巴分治 (zh-tw); چندپارگی هندوستان (fa); Împărțirea Indiei (ro); تقسیم ہند (ur); Podela Indije (sh); Partición da India (gl); ہندستان دی ونڈ (pnb); 印巴分治 (zh-hans); Раздел Британской Индии (ru) process (sv); historisch land (nl); भारत का खंडन कर पाकिस्तान को जन्म देने वाले षड्यंत्रकारी ऐतिहासिक घटना (hi); Indiens Teilung (de); 1947 ਦੀ ਆਜ਼ਾਦੀ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ਭਾਰਤ ਦੇਸ਼ ਦਾ ਬਟਵਾਰਾ (pa); partition of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947 (en); divido de Brita Hindio en la du ŝtatojn Baraton kaj Pakistanon je 1947 (eo); भारत व पाकिस्तान या दोन देशांची निर्मिती करणारी ऐतिहासिक घटना (mr); இந்திய விடுதலைப் போராட்டம் (ta) Particion de la India (es); ১৯৪৭ এর ভারত বিভাগ, ভারত বিভাগ ১৯৪৭, ভারত ভাগ, ১৯৪৮ এর ভারত বিভাগ (bn); Indépendance de l'Inde, Partition de l'Inde (fr); Раздел Индии (ru); Teilung Britisch-Indiens (de); Chia cắt Ấn Độ, Phân chia Ấn Độ (vi); چندپارگي هندوستان (fa); 印度分治, 蒙巴頓方案 (zh); インドの分割, 印パ分断, インド・パキスタンの分割, インド分割, 印パ分離独立 (ja); Pembagian India (id); Delinga av India og Pakistan (nn); ഇന്ത്യാ വിഭജനം, ഇന്ത്യാവിഭജനം, Partition of India (ml); Deling van Brits-Indie, Deling van India (nl); भारतस्य विभाजनम् (sa); भारत का बंटवारा, भारत विभाजन, भारत के विभाजन, हिन्दुस्तान का विभाजन (hi); Delingen av India, Delinga av Britisk India (nb); ਭਾਰਤ ਦਾ ਬਟਵਾਰਾ (pa); חלוקתה של הודו (he); Partilha da Índia (pt); Розділ Індії (uk); இந்தியப்பிரிவினை (ta)

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