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See also Wikipedia article: Electronic organ.


  • Michael Murphy; Max Cotter (September 2015). "Frank Morse Robb’s Wave Organ - The world’s first electronic organ". eContact! 17 (3). Montréal: Canadian Electroacoustic Community (CEC).
    "Figure 1. A surviving Robb Wave Organ located at the National Music Centre. "
  • Robb Wave Organ. National Music Centre.
    "​Artifact Type: Organ, Electromechanical / Model: Two-manual / Manufacturer : Frank Morse Robb (Canadian, 1902 - 1992) / Manufacturer Location:Ontario, Canada, Ontario / Date: 1937 / Current Status: Currently on exhibit ...",
    "Designed by Canadian inventor, designer and business executive Frank Morse Robb (1902 – 1992), the Robb Wave electromechanical organ was one of the first instruments to produce sound via electronic means—and the first electric organ to be manufactured and sold commercially. His invention received critical praise throughout the 1930s but the economic pressures of the Great Depression forced Robb to cease production in 1938. With only 16 units ever made – the instrument seen here is reported to be the only complete model in existence. "
  • CBC Radio 3 (2011-07-21). Cantos Music Foundation (photograph). Flickr.
    "​Robb Wave Organ, made in Belleville, Ontario in the 1930's using a 12 cylinder tractor motor. "

Further readingEdit

  • The ‘Wave Organ’. Frank Morse Robb. Canada. 1927. 120 Years of Electronic Music (
    "​The Robb Wave Organ designed by Morse Robb in Belleville, Ontario was an early pre-cursor, and said to be musically superior, to the Hammond Organ. The instrument attempted to reproduce the sound of a cathedral pipe organ by amplifying sounds generated by a similar tone-wheel mechanism. Robb based his tone-wheel design on that of Melvin Severy’s ‘Choralcello’ but with the addition of amplification – which wasn’t available to Severy at the time. "