Saxtuba is an obsolete valved brasswind instrument conceived by the Belgian instrument-maker Adolphe Sax around 1845.[1] The design of the instrument was inspired by the ancient Roman cornu and Roman tuba.

In the 1770s, the French artist Jacques-Louis David carried out extensive researches into the ancient Roman instruments that appeared on Trajan's Column in Rome. Two of these instruments – the straight Roman tuba and the curved cornu – were revived in Revolutionary France as the buccina and tuba curva.[2] To devise the saxtubas Sax merely added valves to these natural instruments, thus providing them with chromatic compasses. Furthermore, he designed them in such a way that the valves were hidden from general view, thus giving the impression that the instruments were primitive natural trumpets only capable of playing notes from a single harmonic series.

See AlsoEdit

See also categories: Roman tuba, Cornu (horn) and Buccina. for ancient Roman instruments by which Saxtuba was inspired.
See also categories: Tuba, Contrabass horns, Bombardon, Euphonium, Sousaphones, Helicons and Saxtuba.
See also category: Saxhorns. (also referred as saxtuba)


  • Bevan, Clifford (1990). "The Saxtuba and Organological Vituperation". The Galpin Society Journal 43: pp. 135–146. Galpin Society. DOI:10.2307/842482. ISSN 0072-0127.
  1. Bevan 1990 gives the instrument's name as Saxtuba throughout. Other sources refer to the Sax-tuba or saxo-tuba.
  2. Bevan 1990, p. 136. The buccina of 1791 should not be confused with a slightly later instrument of the same name (buccin), which was a species of trombone.
Saxtuba (en); Saxtuba (es); Saxtuba (fr); Saxtuba (nl) a brasswind instrument (en)
a brasswind instrument
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  • 1845
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