Open main menu

Category:Scientific musical instruments classification

Hornbostel–Sachs (or Sachs–Hornbostel) is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914.[1] An English translation was published in the Galpin Society Journal in 1961. It is the most widely used system for classifying musical instruments by ethnomusicologists and organologists (people who study musical instruments).

Hornbostel and Sachs based their ideas on a system devised in the late 19th century by Victor-Charles Mahillon, the curator of musical instruments at Brussels Conservatory. Mahillon divided instruments into four broad categories according to the nature of the sound-producing material: body of the instrument (Idiophone (1)), membrane (Membranophone (2)), string (Chordophone (3)) and, air column (Aerophone (4)). From this basis, Hornbostel and Sachs expanded Mahillon's system to make it possible to classify any instrument from any culture.

Formally, the Sachs–Hornbostel is modeled on the Dewey Decimal Classification for libraries. It has four top-level classifications, with several levels below those, adding up to over 300 basic categories in all. The top three levels of the scheme are described below.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Volume 46 (1914) of the Zeitschrift is available online in a variety of formats, as part of the digital collection of the University of Toronto. The article by Hornbostel and Sachs is to be found on pages 553–90.
Hornbostel–Sachs 
musical instrument classification system
Upload media
Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg  Wikipedia
Instance ofmusical instrument classification
Part oforganology
Named after
Discoverer or inventor
Publication date
  • 1914
Authority control
Blue pencil.svg
Hornbostel-Sachs (es); Sachs–Hornbostel-féle osztályozás (hu); Hornbostel-Sachs (ca); Hornbostel-Sachs-Systematik (de); هورن‌بوستل-زاکس (fa); Система на Хорнбостел-Закс (bg); Hornbostel-Sachs (da); ザックス=ホルンボステル分類 (ja); Sachsova-Hornbostelova klasifikácia hudobných nástrojov (sk); הורנבוסטל-זאקס (he); 霍恩博斯特爾-薩克斯分類法 (zh-hant); होर्नबोस्तेल-साक्स (hi); Hornbostel–Sachs (uz); klasifiko Hornbostel-Sachs (eo); Хорнбостел-Заксов систем (mk); classificazione Hornbostel-Sachs (it); système Hornbostel-Sachs (fr); Гарнбостэль-Закс (be-tarask); Hornbostel-Sachs (pt); 호른보스텔-작스 (ko); Hornbostel–Sachs (ilo); 霍恩博斯特爾-薩克斯分類法 (zh-hk); Класифікація Горнбостеля-Закса (uk); Hornbostel-Sachs (gl); 霍恩博斯特爾-薩克斯分類法 (zh); klasyfikacja Hornbostela-Sachsa (pl); Hornbostel–Sachs (id); Hornbostel-Sachs (nn); Hornbostel-Sachs (nb); Sachs-Hornbostel (nl); Sachs-Hornbostelova klasifikace hudebních nástrojů (cs); система Хорнбостеля — Закса (ru); ಹೊರ್ನ್ಬೋಸ್ಟಲ್ –ಸಾಕ್ಸ್ (kn); ھۆرنبۆستێل ساخس (ckb); Hornbostel–Sachs (en); هورنبوستيل-ساكس (ar); 霍恩博斯特尔-萨克斯分类法 (zh-hans); होर्न्बोस्तेल्-सच्स् (sa) sistema de clasificación de instrumentos musicales (es); сыстэма клясыфікацыі музычных інструмэнтаў (be-tarask); систематическая классификация музыкальных инструментов (ru); Klassifikation von Musikinstrumenten (de); sistema de classificação de instrumentos musicais (pt); sistema a pannakaidasig iti instrumento ti musika (ilo); 楽器の分類体系 (ja); klassifiseringssystem for musikkinstrumenter (nb); sistema de clasificación de instrumentos musicais (gl); तूर्य गणता संविधा (sa); संगीत वाद्य यंत्रों को वर्गीकृत करने की एक प्रणाली (hi); ಸಂಗೀತ ಸಲಕರಣೆ ವರ್ಗೀಕರಣ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆ. (kn); سیستمی پۆلێنکردنی ئامێرەکانی مۆسیقا (ckb); musical instrument classification system (en); klasifiko de muzikaj instrumentoj (eo); системе за класификација на музичките инструменти (mk); sistema de classificació d'instruments musicals (ca) Hornbostel-Sachs, HS (it); Hornbostel-Sachs, Von Hornbostel, Hornbostel (fr); сыстэма Гарнбостэля-Закса, клясыфікацыя Гарнбостэля-Закса (be-tarask); классификация Хорнбостеля-Закса, Хорнбостель-Закс, Закс-Хорнбостель (ru); Hornbostel-Sachs-System, Sachs-Hornbostel-System, Sachs-Hornbostel System, Sachs-Hornbostel-Systematik, Hornbostel-Sachs System (de); Sachs-Hornbostel (pt); هورن بوستل-زاکس (fa); 薩克斯分類法, 薩克斯-霍恩博斯特爾分類法 (zh); Sachs-Hornbostel (da); ホルンボステル=ザックス分類, ホルンボステル=ザックス#リュート .28321.29, ホルンボステル=ザックス (ja); הורנבוסטל-זקס (he); Sachs-Hornbostelova klasifikácia hudobných nástrojov (sk); Система на Хорнбостел-Сакс (bg); Класифікація Горнбостель-Закс (uk); Hornbostel-Sachs (nl); Sachs-Hornbostel, Sachs–Hornbostel, Hornbostel-Sachs (id); Sachs–Hornbostel) (ilo); Sachs-Hornbostel (nb); Ҳорнбостел–Сачс (uz); Sachs–Hornbostel, Hornbostel-Sachs (en); Sachs-Hornbostel, Sachs Hornbostel, Hornbostel Sachs (es); Хорнбостел-Закс, Хорнбостел-Заксова класификација (mk); Sachs-Hornbostel, Classificació de Sachs-Hornbostel, Classificació de Hornbostel-Sachs (ca)

Subcategories

This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.

A

C

E

I

M

Pages in category "Scientific musical instruments classification"

This category contains only the following page.

Media in category "Scientific musical instruments classification"

This category contains only the following file.