Category:Tombs of the Ming Dukes of Yansheng

English: The area in the Ming (western) part of the Cemetery of Confucius where Dukes of Yansheng, who were the leaders of the Kong clan (55th through 64th generations in the direct line of descent from Confucius, according to an explanatory plaque) and the feudal rulers of Qufu, have been buried. Each of the dukes has his own "spirit road" (shendao), i.e. a a path lined with the statues of feline creatures (cat? lions? tigers?), rams, horses, warriors and officials, concluded with a stele-bearing bixi tortoise, and, finally, the actual tombstone. As elsewhere in China, the tombstones and the bixi normally face south, while the spirit way figures face each other, looking across the path that runs from the south to the north.
The relative location of the photographed tombs in the main section can be approximately given by the following chart, with the generation number and the personal name of the deceased given in each cell. The family name "Kong" is omitted to save space.
64
Shangxian
孔尚贤
63
Zhengan
孔贞幹
  62
  Hongtai
  孔弘泰
62
Hongxu
孔弘绪
 

  60
Chengqing
孔承庆
 
 
59
Yanjin
孔彦缙
R
O
A
D
P A T H   -   步 行 道
English: The tomb of Kong Shangtan is in a different, later, section, some 500 m to the northeast
衍聖公 (ja); 연성공 (ko); Duke Yansheng (en); Diễn Thánh công (vi); 衍圣公 (zh-hans); 衍圣公 (zh) Chinese title of nobility (en); 孔子家族嫡系后裔的世袭封号 (zh); 孔子家族嫡系后裔的世袭封号 (zh-hans) Yansheng Gong, Yan Sheng Gong (en); 褒侯, 宗圣侯, 奉圣侯, 崇圣侯, 恭圣侯, 绍圣侯, 褒圣侯, 邹国公, 大成至圣先师奉祀官, 大成至聖先師奉祀官, 文宣公, 奉圣公, 奉圣亭侯, 褒成侯, 裦成子, 孔子奉祀官 (zh); Bao hầu, Tông Thánh hầu, Phụng Thánh hầu, Sùng Thánh hầu, Cung Thánh hầu, Thiệu Thánh hầu, Bao Thánh hầu, Trâu quốc công, Đại thành chí thánh tiên sư phụng tự quan, Văn Tuyên công, Phụng Thánh công, Phụng Thánh đình hầu, Bao thành hầu, Khổng tử Phụng tự quan (vi)
Duke Yansheng 
Chinese title of nobility
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