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English: Trade rows (direct Russian-to-English translation of торговые ряды) is a type of arcade-like market buildings in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Construction of permanent, brick-and-mortar market arcades was mandated by Catherine II as part of her urban development plan. The new buildings replaced old marketplaces in already established towns, and became centers of growth in Catherine's new towns. Almost invariably, trade rows were flat, single-storey, block-sized compounds partitioned into small shops and storage rooms. This architectural tradition persisted through the Neoclassical period and faded by the middle of the 19th century.
Trade rows in small towns usually survived to date. In Vereya, they perished in World War Two and were rebuilt to original plans in 2000s. In Moscow, the original Upper Trade Rows and Middle Trade Rows, built after the Fire of 1812, were torn down in 1880s. Their name was carried over to the "new" Upper Trade Rows (the Moscow GUM) and the new Middle Trade Rows (now being rebuilt into offices).


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