Codex Aureus of Lorsch

Carolingian manuscript

Legend - Cutline - Caption

folio (leaf)

recto: front

verso: back, rear

The use of the terms 'recto' and 'verso' are also used in the codicology of manuscripts written in right-to-left scripts, like Syriac, Arabic and Hebrew. However, as these scripts are written in the other direction to the scripts witnessed in European codices, the recto page is to the left while the verso is to the right. The reading order of each folio remains 'first recto, then verso' regardless of writing direction.


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