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Commons:Reglas de copyright por territorio/Lista consolidada Centroamérica y México

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Esta página ofrece descripciones generales de las reglas de derecho de autor en territorios o países de Centroamérica y México, cuando definido en el Geoesquema de las Naciones Unidas para América. Se "transcluye" de páginas individuales sobre las reglas de cada país o territorio. La lista puede ser utilizada para comparación o mantenimiento.

Texto transcluido de
COM:Belize

Belice

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Belize relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Belize must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Belize and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Belize, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The Belize region became a British colony in 1840, known as British Honduras, and a Crown colony in 1862. Belize became independent on 21 September 1981.

Belize has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995, the Berne Convention since 17 June 2000 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty effective 9 February 2019.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Copyright Act (Cap. 252, Revised Edition 2000) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Belize.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

Prior to 2000, copyright was governed by the Copyright Act 1956 of the United Kingdom per article 5 of the Belize Independence Order 1981.

General rules

According to the Belize Copyright Act of 2000,

  • Literary, dramatic, musical, or artistic works are protected for 50 years after the death of the author.[Cap.252/2000 Section 10(1)]
  • If the author is unknown, the works are protected for 50 years after publication unless the author becomes known during that period, in which case the works are protected for 50 years after the death of the author.[Cap.252/2000 Section 10(2)]
  • A work of joint authorship is protected for 50 years after the death of the last surviving known author, or 50 years after publication if none of the authors is known.[Cap.252/2000 Section 10(5)]
  • Copyright in a sound recording or film expires 50 years after it was made, or 50 years after it was made available to the public.[Cap.252/2000 Section 11]

Protection ceases at the end of the last calendar year.

License tags

  • {{PD-Belize}} for works in the public domain under Belize copyright law
  • For stamps issued before Belizean independence (in the territory of British Honduras), crown copyright applies (See {{PD-UKGov}}).

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Belize}} The Belize Copyright Act of 2000 states that photographs, films, or graphic works depicting a building, sculpture, or work of artistic craftsmanship, if permanently situated in a public place or in premises open to the public, do not infringe the copyright of the original work.[Cap.252/2000 Section 78]

Prior to 2000, freedom of panorama was granted by the Copyright Act 1956 of the United Kingdom.

Stamps

Copyrighted According Belize's Copyright Act of 2000, where a protected work has been made by or under the direction or control of the Government and, apart from this subsection no copyright would subsist in the work, then copyright shall subsist therein by virtue of this subsection and shall initially belong to the State.[Cap.252/2000 Section 25(4)] No special terms are specified for stamps or other government works, so standard copyright rules apply.

For stamps issued before 2000, crown copyright applies.

Currency

As of 2019, all Belize coins are in the public domain, with the exception of some commemorative and numismatic coins (e.g. those created by the Franklin Mint). The designs for all currently circulating Belize coins were created in the 1950s or earlier by the Royal Mint of the United Kingdom (when Belize was British Honduras). Thus they were under crown copyrights which have now expired. Please use {{PD-UKGov}} for these in addition to a license for the photographs (since coins are considered 3D objects). Any future coin designs, however, are likely to be copyrighted by the Belizean government, as Belize does not have a public domain exception for government works.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Belize Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Copyright Act (Cap. 252, Revised Edition 2000). Belize (2000). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Esta página proporciona una visión general de reglas de derecho de autor de Costa Rica pertinente a cargar trabajos a Wikimedia Commons. Nota que cualquier trabajo que origina en Costa Rica tiene que ser en el dominio público, o disponible bajo una licencia libre, en ambos Costa Rica y los Estados Unidos antes de que pueda ser cargado a Wikimedia Commons. Si hay cualquier duda sobre el estado de derecho de autor de un trabajo de Costa Rica, refiere a las leyes pertinentes para aclaración.

Contexto

Costa Rica quedó bajo el dominio español en el siglo XVI. Obtuvo su independencia el 15 de septiembre de 1821.

Costa Rica ha sido un miembro del Convención Universal sobre Derecho de Autor desde 16 septiembre 1955, el Convenio de Berna desde 10 junio 1978, el Organización Mundial del Comercio desde 1 enero 1995 y el Tratado de la OMPI sobre Derecho de Autor desde 6 Marcha 2002.[1]

En 2018, la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI), un organismo de las Naciones Unidas, lista Ley N° 6683, de 14 octubre de 1992, sobre el Derecho de Autor y Derechos Conexos (así reformada hasta la Ley N° 8834 de 3 de mayo de 2010) como la principal ley de derechos de autor promulgada por la legislatura de Costa Rica.[1] La OMPI guarda el texto de esta ley en su WIPO Lex base de datos.[2]

Reglas generales

Según la "Ley Nº 6683", modificada hasta 2010,

  • Los derechos de autor son permanentes durante toda su vida. Después de su fallecimiento, disfrutarán de ellos por el término de setenta (70) años.[6683/2010 Artículo 58]
  • Cuando la duración de la protección de una obra se calcule sobre una base distinta de la vida de una persona física, esta duración será de:
    • Setenta (70) años, contados desde el final del año civil de la primera publicación autorizada de la obra.[6683/2010 Artículo 58(a)]
    • A falta de tal publicación autorizada dentro de un plazo de setenta (70) años, contado desde el final del año civil de la creación de la obra, la duración de la protección será de setenta (70) años, contados desde el final del año civil de cualquier otra primera puesta de la obra a disposición del público con el consentimiento del autor.[6683/2010 Artículo 58(b)]
    • A falta de tal publicación autorizada y de cualquier otra puesta a disposición del público, con el consentimiento del autor, dentro de un plazo de setenta (70) años, contado a partir de la creación de la obra, la duración de la protección será de setenta (70) años desde el final del año civil de su creación.[6683/2010 Artículo 58(c)]*En caso de obras en colaboración, debidamente establecidas, el término de setenta años se contará desde la muerte del último coautor.[6683/2010 Artículo 59]
  • Los diccionarios, las enciclopedias y demás obras colectivas referidas en el artículo 6 de esta ley, serán protegidos por setenta años a partir de su publicación.[6683/2010 Artículo 60]
  • La protección de las obras anónimas o seudónimas será de setenta años desde su publicación.[6683/2010 Artículo 62]

Los plazos de protección, previstos en este capítulo, serán contados a partir del 31 de diciembre del año del evento que les de inicio.[6683/2010 Artículo 65]

Trabajos de gobierno

Según la ley de propiedad intelectual de Costa Rica (Ley 6683, cuando enmendado por Ley 8834 de 3 mayo 2010):

  • Se permite a todos reproducir, libremente, las constituciones, leyes, decretos, acuerdos municipales, reglamentos y demás actos públicos, bajo la obligación de conformarse estrictamente con la edición oficial. Los particulares también pueden publicar los códigos y colecciones legislativas, con notas y comentarios, y cada autor será dueño de su propio trabajo.[6683/2010 Artículo 75]
  • El Estado, los consejos municipales y las corporaciones oficiales gozarán de la protección de esta ley, pero, en cuanto a los derechos patrimoniales, los tendrán únicamente por veinticinco años, contados desde la publicación de la obra, salvo tratándose de entidades públicas, que tengan por objeto el ejercicio de esos derechos como actividad ordinaria; en cuyo caso la protección será de cincuenta años.[6683/2010 Artículo 63]

Copyright tags

Currency

  • X mark.svg   Currency less than 25 years old.
  • Pictogram-voting-question.svg Uncertain Currency between 25 and 50 years old.
  • Symbol OK.svg  Currency more than 50 years old.

The Central Bank of Costa Rica (Banco Central de Costa Rica) is the "copyright holder of Costa Rica’s currency design -protected under Law No. 6683"[3] According to Costa Rica's intellectual property law (Law 6683, as amended by Law 8834 of 3 May 2010):

  • The State, the municipal councils and the official corporations shall enjoy the protection of this Law, but, as far as economic rights are concerned, only for 25 years from the date of publication of the work, except in the case of public bodies whose purpose is the exercise of such rights as their normal activity, in which case protection shall be for 50 years.[6683/2010 Article 63]

All images of Costa Rican currency must use {{Currency}}, as the Central Bank of Costa Rica has placed several Non-copyright restrictions on use of images of Costa Rican currency.[3]

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  : Según Ley Nº 6683 cuando enmendado hasta 2010, sólo uso no comercial está dejado:

  • Es lícita la reproducción fotográfica o por otros procesos pictóricos, cuando esta reproducción sea sin fines comerciales, de las estatuas, monumentos y otras obras de arte protegidas por derechos de autor, adquiridos por el poder público, expuestos en las calles, los jardines y los museos.[6683/2010 Artículo 71]

Sellos

Red copyright.svg The basic copyright law of Costa Rica is: Ley Nº 6683 - Ley de Derechos de Autor y Derechos Conexos. There are no specific provision for copyrights of postage stamps, but all works are copyrighted until 70 years after the author's death. In the case of government agencies and other public entities the copyrights of official works expired after 25 years, and in special cases after 50 years (i.e. books), both since the original publication date.

Véase también

Citas

  1. a b Costa Rica Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 6683 of October 14, 1982, on Copyright and Related Rights (as amended up to Law No. 8834 of May 3, 2010). Costa Rica (2010). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. a b Lineamientos para uso de imágenes​​. Banco Central de Costa Rica. Retrieved on 2019-01-18.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
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COM:El Salvador

El Salvador

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of El Salvador relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in El Salvador must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both El Salvador and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from El Salvador, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

El Salvador was colonized by Spain in the early 16th century. It became independent in 1821, apart from periods when it was part of the First Mexican Empire (1821–23), Federal Republic of Central America (1823–41) and Greater Republic of Central America (1895–98).

El Salvador has been a member of the Universal Copyright Convention since 29 March 1979, the Berne Convention since 19 February 1994, the World Trade Organization since 7 May 1995 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 6 March 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law on Intellectual Property (as amended up to Legislative Decree No. 611 of February 15, 2017) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of El Salvador.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] It supersedes the Legislative Decree No. 604 of 15 July 1993.[2] WIPO also holds a copy on the 1993 law.[3]

General rules

According to the Law on Intellectual Property as amended up to February 15, 2017,

  • Protection when the author is a natural person applies during the life of the author and 70 years from the day of his death.[2017 Article 86(a)]
  • For joint authorship, protection lasts for 70 years from the death of the last surviving co-author.[2017 Article 86(a)]
  • For anonymous or pseudonymous works, protection lasts for 70 years from 1 January after the year of first public disclosure.[2017 Article 86(b)]
  • When protection is not based on the author's life, the period will be for 70 years from 1 January after the year of first public disclosure.[2017 Article 86(c)] If there is no authorized disclosure in the 50 years after creation, the period will be for 70 years from 1 January after the year of creation.[2017 Article 86(c)]

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg , more or less. {{FoP-El Salvador}}

  • "The following shall be allowed without the consent of the author or remuneration: . . . the reproduction of a work of art on permanent display in a street, square or other public place in an artistic medium different from that used for the making of the original; with regard to buildings, this right shall be limited to the outer walls".[2017 Article 45 (f)]

Stamps

Copyrighted According to the 2017 revision, works owned by legal entities are protected for 70 years counted from 1 January of the year following that of first publication.[2017 Article 86(c)]

Translation of the specific permission to use images of postage stamps for non-commercial educational, philatelic and cultural purposes was contained in an email message dated 11 January 2007 from Silvia María Orantes, Head of the Philatelic Office, Government of El Salvador but commercial restriction images are not permitted here.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Guatemala

Guatemala

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Guatemala relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Guatemala must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Guatemala and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Guatemala, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The territory of modern Guatemala was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841.

Guatemala has been a member of the Universal Copyright Convention since 28 October 1964, the World Trade Organization since 21 July 1995, the Berne Convention since 28 July 1997 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 4 February 2003.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law on Copyright and Related Rights (Decree No. 33-98, as amended up to Decree No. 11-2006 of the Congress of the Republic) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Guatemala.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under Decree Number 33-98 as amended up to 2006,

  • Except as otherwise provided in this Act, rights are protected for the life of the author plus 75 years after his death.[33-98/2006 Art.43]
  • With works with two or more authors, the period of protection is based on death of the last surviving coauthor.[33-98/2006 Art.43]
  • With computer programs and collective works, the term of protection is 75 years from the first publication or, if not published, from completion of the work.[33-98/2006 Art.44]
  • With anonymous or pseudonymous works, the term of protection starts from first publication or, failing that, from creation.[33-98/2006 Art.44]
  • With audiovisual works, the period is counted from the first authorized publication of the work, provided that such publication occurs within 75 years after execution. Otherwise, the period is counted from the performance of the work.[33-98/2006 Art.47]

The above terms of protection are computed from 1 January of the year following that of the event they are based on.[33-98/2006 Art.48]

The State and its public entities, municipalities, universities and other educational establishments in the country, shall enjoy the protection established by law.[33-98/2006 Art.49]

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Guatemala}}

Guatemala's copyright law as of 2006 says "With respect to already published works it is permitted, without the author's consent, besides what is set forth in article 32: d) The reproduction of a work of art exposed permanently in public places, or of the outer surface of buildings, realized by means of an art distinct from that used in making the original, provided that the name of the author, if known, the title of the work, if it has one, and the place it is located are indicated".[33-98/2006 Art.64(d)]

Véase también

Citations

  1. a b Guatemala Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law on Copyright and Related Rights (Decree No. 33-98, as amended up to Decree No. 11-2006 of the Congress of the Republic). Guatemala (2006). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
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COM:Honduras

Honduras

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Honduras relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Honduras must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Honduras and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Honduras, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Honduras gained independence from Spain in 1821. It was part of the First Mexican Empire until 1823, then part of the United Provinces of Central America until 1838. Since then it has been an independent republic.

Honduras has been a member of the Berne Convention since 25 January 1990, the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 20 May 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law on Copyright and Related Rights (Decree No. 4-99-E, as amended by Decree No. 16-2006) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Honduras.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

  • Economic rights are protected during the life of the author and 75 years after his death.[16-2006 Article 44]
  • For collaborative works, protection is for the life of the last surviving author and 75 years after his death.[16-2006 Article 44.1]
  • For anonymous and pseudonymous works, protection last for 75 years from the date the work was legally published for the first time, or, in the absence of such authorized publication within 50 years from creation, protection lasts for 70 years from the end of the calendar year when the work was created.[16-2006 Article 44.2]
  • For collective, audiovisual works and work made for employers, protection is for 75 years from the date of first publication, or if it is not published within 50 years, for 70 years from the end of the year in which the work was created.[16-2006 Article 44.3]
  • With articles in the press, magazines, etc., the publisher has the right to disseminate it once, but the author retains all other rights.[16-2006 Article 70] This also applies to drawings, cartoons, jokes, graphics, photographs and other works published in newspapers, magazines and other means of social communication.[16-2006 Article 72]

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg   {{FoP-Honduras}} – Personal use only, in media different from the original.

The 2006 revision of the Law on Copyright and Related Rights, article 52, states:

  • It is lawful, for personal use, to reproduce a work of art permanently exhibited in the streets, squares or other public places, by means of an art different from that used for making the original. With respect to buildings, this is limited to the exterior façade.[16-2006 Article 52]

Citations

  1. a b Honduras Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  2. Ley del Derecho de Autor y de los Derechos Conexos (Decreto Nº 4-99-E, según modificada por el Decreto N ° 16-2006). Honduras (2006). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Mexico

México

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Mexico relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Mexico must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Mexico and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Mexico, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Mexico was conquered by Spain in 1521. It became independent in 1821.

Mexico has been a member of the Universal Copyright Convention since 12 May 1957, the Berne Convention since 11 June 1967, the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 6 March 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Federal Law on Copyright (consolidated text published in the Official Journal of the Federation on June 15, 2018) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Mexico.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Eduardo de la Parra Trujillo wrote a critical commentary on the reforms to the copyright law in 2004, which may still be relevant.[3]

General

Under the Federal Law on Copyright (1996, consolidated up to June 15, 2018),

  • Copyright lasts for the life of the author and 100 years after their death.[1996-2018 Art. 29(I)]
  • For a work of joint authorship, copyright lasts for the life of the authors and 100 years after the death of the last survivor.[1996-2018 Art. 29(I)]
  • Copyright also lasts for 100 years after the work is disclosed.[1996-2018 Art. 29(II)]
  • The anonymous works are in public domain until the author or the owner of the rights are identified.[1996-2018 Art. 153]
  • Plastic or photographic works: author's life plus 100 years.[1996-2018 Art. 92 bis]
  • Unoriginal databases: 5 years from creation date.[1996-2018 Art. 108]
  • Music groups, choirs, orchestras, ballet and theater companies: 75 years from recording date of a sound work, or first broadcast (TV and radio), or first performance of a work that was not recorded.[1996-2018 Art. 122]
  • Book editors: 50 years from date of publication of the first edition.[1996-2018 Art. 127]
  • Phonogram producers: 75 years from recording date.[1996-2018 Art. 134]
  • Videogram producers: 50 years from date of filming.[1996-2018 Art. 138]
  • Broadcasting organisations: 50 years from first broadcast (TV and radio).[1996-2018 Art. 146]

The above does not apply to works that were already in the public domain before 23 July 2003. Generally speaking, that means works created by someone who had died before 1952 are in the public domain, since they died 30 years before the non-retroactive extension to life plus 50 years was implemented on 12 January 1982.[4]

Term extensions

Copyright terms have been repeatedly extended, but not retroactively. Works remained in the public domain if they were in the public domain before each new law took effect. Relevant laws include the Federal Civil Code of 1928, Federal Copyright Act of 1948, Federal Copyright Act of 1956, Federal Copyright Act of 1963, General Copyright Regime of 1982 and Federal Copyright Act of 1996 and later reforms up to 2014.[5][6][7][8][9][4][2]

  • 1928:
    • 50 years for scientific works.[1928 Art.1181]
    • 30 years for artistic works.[1928 Art.1183]
    • Registration was required within 3 years of publication.[1928 Art.1189]
  • 1948: All terms became life plus 20 years.[1948 Art.8] Registration no longer required for works first published Jan 14, 1948 or later; six-month grace period to register old works to regain copyright.[1948 Trans.Art.Tercero]
  • 1963: All terms became life plus 30 years.[1963 Art.23(I)]
  • 1982: The Diario Oficial of 11 January 1982 reported a revision to Article 23 under which copyright lasted for life plus 50 years, for 50 years from publication for posthumous works, and for 50 years from publication for anonymous works.[4]
  • 1994: The term was extended to life plus 75 years in 1993, effective 1 January 1994, only applicable to works still in copyright at the time.
  • 2003: The term was extended to life plus 100 years.

On the URAA date (1996-01-01), the Copyright Act of 1982 was still applicable.

Government works

Works created by the Mexican government do not default to being public domain, being protected 100 years after publication.[1996-2018 Art.29(II)] This applies to the federal, state and municipal governments. As with known authors, the term was extended repeatedly in the past.

  • Under the 1928 Federal Civil Code, the government could hold not copyright.[1928 Art.1235]
  • The extension to 30 years from publication appears to have happened in 1963.[8]
  • The extension to 50 years after from is documented in the Diario Oficial of 11 January 1982.[4]

Not protected

Under the 1996 copyright law as of 2018, the following are not protected,[1996-2018 Art.14]

  • I. Ideas, formulas, solutions, concepts, methods, systems, principles, discoveries, processes and inventions of any kind;
  • II. Industrial or commercial use of the ideas contained in the works;
  • III. Schemes, plans or rules to perform mental acts, games or business;
  • IV. Letters, digits or isolated colors ...
  • V. Names and titles or isolated phrases;
  • VI. Simple formats or blank forms to be filled with any type of information, as well as their instructions;
  • VII. Reproductions or imitations, without authorization, of shields, flags or emblems of any country, state, municipality or equivalent political division, or denominations, acronyms, symbols or emblems of international governmental, non-governmental organizations, or of any other officially recognized organization ...
  • VIII. Legislative, regulatory, judicial administrative texts, as well as their official translations. If they are published, they must adhere to the official text and will not confer exclusive editing rights; However, the concordances, interpretations, comparative studies, annotations, commentaries and other similar works that entail, on the part of their author, the creation of an original work will be object of protection;

Marcas de derechos de autor

Currency

X mark.svg   Mexican currency is copyrighted and the reproduction of designs is only permitted by seeking authorisation from the Ministry of Finance (Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público).[10][11] Coins and banknotes produced before 23 July 1928 entered the public domain before the law changed on 23 July 2003, and remain in the public domain.

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Mexico}}

Mexico's federal copyright law, Article 148, allows reproduction without compensation in certain circumstances:

  • Literary and artistic works that have already been disclosed may only be used in the following cases without the consent of the owner of the economic rights and without remuneration, provided that the normal exploitation of the work is not adversely affected thereby and provided also that the source is invariably mentioned and that no alteration is made to the work:"[1996-2018 Art.148]
  • Reproduction, communication and distribution by means of drawings, paintings, photographs and audiovisual processes of works that are visible from public places (lugares publicos).[1996-2018 Art.148(VII)]

The term lugares publicos has been interpreted to include both interior and exterior public places. Due to the ambiguity of the article, some establishments such as the Metro de la Ciudad de México have denied the right to execute freedom of panorama. However, government-owned places such as libraries, markets, parks and public gardens have no restrictions against freedom of panorama. The Federal Law of Telecom and Broadcasting also uses the term "public places". It defines public places as: "...those that are in the charge of dependencies of federal, state or municipal entities, or under public programs of any one of the three orders of government..." Public places under this law (page 7) would include:

  • Schools, Universities, and every kind of building used for education;
  • Clinics, Hospitals, and every kind of building used for health care;
  • Government offices of all types;
  • Community Centers;
  • Free admission and open places such as parks, green areas and sports centers
  • Places that collaborate in public federal programs.

Véase también

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Nicaragua

Nicaragua

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Nicaragua relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Nicaragua must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Nicaragua and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Nicaragua, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821.

Nicaragua has been a member of the Universal Copyright Convention since 16 August 1961, the World Trade Organization since 3 September 1995, the Berne Convention since 23 August 2000 and the WIPO treaty since 6 March 2003.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 312 of 1999 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (consolidated version as of February 2001) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Nicaragua.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] This law was amended by Law No. 577 of 2006 on Amendments and Additions to Law No. 312 of 1999 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights. The amendment generally did not affect definitions of works or durations of protection.[3]

General rules

Based on the 2001 version of Law No. 312,

  • Economic rights will last the whole life of the author and 70 years after his death.[312/1999 Article 27]
  • With pseudonymous or anonymous and collective works, economic rights shall last 70 years from disclosure.[312/1999 Article 28]
  • In the case of a collaborative work, the term of the rights shall be computed from the death of the last surviving co-author.[312/1999 Article 29]

The expiry dates in this section will be computed from the first day of January of the year following the death of the author, or where appropriate, the disclosure, publication or completion of the work.[312/1999 Article 29]

Official texts: not protected

Laws, governmental provisions, bills, minutes, agreements, deliberations and opinions of public bodies and agencies and official translations of the previous texts are not subject to protection. The judgments of the courts can be reproduced by anyone, after they have been officially certified as the authentic text.[312/1999 Article 16]

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg   As per Nicaragua Law No. 577 on Amendments and Additions to Law No. 312 on Copyright and Related Rights, "Works located permanently in parks, streets, squares or other thoroughfares may be reproduced, without the author’s authorization, by means of painting, sketching, photographs and audiovisual recordings for personal use. In respect of works of architecture, the previous article shall only apply to their external aspect.[77/2006 Article 43]

This article had previously read, "Works permanently located in parks, streets, squares or other public roads can be reproduced, without the author's authorization, by means of painting, drawing, photography and audiovisual recordings. As for architectural works, the previous article will only apply to its external appearance.[312/1999 Article 43]

Stamps

Red copyright.svg Stamps are not mentioned among the works not subject to copyright.[312/1999 Article 16]

See also

Citations

  1. a b Nicaragua Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 312 of 1999 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (consolidated version as of February 2001). Nicaragua (2001). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 577 of 2006 on Amendments and Additions to Law No. 312 of 1999 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights. Nicaragua (2006). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Panama

Panamá

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Panama relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Panama must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Panama and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Panama, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Panama was colonized by Spain in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined the Republic of Gran Colombia, then in 1831 the Republic of Colombia. Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903.

Panama has been a member of the Berne Convention since 8 June 1996, the World Trade Organization since 6 September 1997 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 6 March 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law No. 64 of October 10, 2012, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Panama.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under the former Law No. 15 of August 8, 1994 on Copyright and Neighboring Rights and Enacting Other Provisions, a work first published in Panama was in the public domain if it met one of the following criteria:

  • It was an anonymous work or pseudonymous work and 50 years had passed since the date of its publication (or creation, whatever date is the latest)
  • It was a collective or audiovisual work, and 50 years had passed since the date of its publication (or creation, whatever date is the latest)
  • It was another kind of work, and 50 years had passed since the year of death of the author (or last-surviving author)

Under the Law No. 64 of October 10, 2012,

  • Economic rights last for the author's life and 70 years after his death.[64/2012 Article 59]
  • With a collaborative work, the term is counted from the death of the last surviving co-author.[64/2012 Article 59]
  • With anonymous and pseudonymous works, the term is 70 years from the year of its publication.[64/2012 Article 60]
  • With collective works, computer programs and audiovisual works, economic rights expire 70 years after first publication, or if that does not happen after completion.[64/2012 Article 61]
  • The terms defined above are calculated from the first of January of the year following the death of the author or, as appropriate, the disclosure, publication or completion of the work.[64/2012 Article 63]
  • Patrimonial rights over works, artistic performances, phonographic productions or broadcasts already protected by Law 15 of 8 August 1994, shall enjoy the longer terms of protection established by this Law.[64/2012 Article 193]

The economic rights for works created by authors who died before Law 15 of 8 August 1994 came into force will have the duration of 80 years as provided for in the Administrative Code of 1917.[64/2012 Article 194]

Not protected

Under Law No. 64 of 2012 no copyright protection is given to the ideas contained in literary or artistic works, procedures, methods of operation or mathematical concepts, systems or ideas or technical content of scientific works, nor their industrial or commercial use; official texts of administrative, legislative or judicial nature or the official translations of them, without prejudice to the obligation to respect the texts and cite the source, as well as the author's name if it appears in the source; news of the day, or events that have the character of simple press information; simple facts or data; expressions of folklore, without prejudice to the rights recognized on their adaptations, translations, arrangements or other transformations that have originality in the form of expression, nor of the guardianship that is recognized to such expressions by special laws.[Article 13]

Marcas de derechos de autor

{{PD-Panama}} -Obras que pasan a ser de dominio público, según la ley 15, del 8 de agosto de 1994

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg ; in regard to buildings, for the outer façade only. {{FoP-Panama}}

Under the Law No. 64 of October 10, 2012, reproduction, broadcasting or public transmission by cable of the image of an architectural work, of a work of the fine arts, of a photographic work or of a work of applied arts that is located permanently in a place open to the public is allowed. With buildings, this is limited to the exterior façade.[64/2012 Article 69(3)]

Stamps

Copyrighted Under the Law No. 64 of October 10, 2012, stamps are not excluded from protection (e.g. as official texts).[64/2012 Article 13] Copyright lasts for 70 years after death of the author or coauthor, or 70 years from publication if the work is anonymous or pseudonymous [64/2012 Article 59–60]. However, the economic rights for works created by authors who died before Law 15 of 8 August 1994 came into force will have the duration of 80 years as provided for in the Administrative Code of 1917.[64/2012 Article 194] In effect, works by authors who died after 1938 are still protected. For older stamps, if applicable, use {{PD-Panama}}.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Panama Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  2. Ley N° 64 de 10 de Octubre de 2012 sobre el Derecho de Autor y Derechos Conexos (in Spanish). Panama (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal