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Commons:Reglas de copyright por territorio/lista Consolidada Asia Occidental

This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Consolidated list Western Asia and the translation is 100% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Consolidated list Western Asia and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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VTE Normas de derechos de autor por el territorio
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Esta página ofrece descripciones generales de las reglas de derecho de autor en territorios o países de Asia Occidental, cuando definido en el Geoesquema de las Naciones Unidas para América. Se "transcluye" de páginas individuales sobre las reglas de cada país o territorio. La lista puede ser utilizada para comparación o mantenimiento.

Contents

Texto transcluido de
COM:Abkhazia

Abjasia

Reconocimiento internacional limitado

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Abkhazia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Abkhazia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Abkhazia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Abkhazia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Abkhazia was absorbed by the Russian Empire during the 19th century. In 1931 Joseph Stalin made Abkhazia an autonomous republic (Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic) within the Georgian SSR. In April 1991 Georgia became fully independent of the Soviet Union. In 1992–93 Abkhazia gained de-facto independence under the protection of Russia. The breakaway region has not gained international recognition.

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, did not include Abkhazia among the WIPO/WTO/UN Members.[1] Abkhazia is not mentioned in Circular 38A on International Copyright Relations of the United States.[2] Presumably Abkhazian works would be protected in the United States under the terms that apply to Georgia.

Copyright rules in Abkazia are defined by the Law 1227-с-XIV of the Republic of Abkhazia on Copyright and Related Rights (2006).[3] The law, which took effect as of 1 July 2006, replaced Section IV "Copyright" of the Civil Code of the Republic of Abkhazia of 10 March 1993 and Section IV "Copyright" of the Fundamental Principles of Civil Legislation of the USSR and the Republic of 15 June 2001.[2006 Art. 54]

General rules

Under the 2006 Law on Copyright and Related Rights,

  • Copyright is valid for the life of the author and for 70 years after his death, regardless of the date when this work was published, except as otherwise provided below.[2006 Art. 21.1]
  • Copyright in a work made public anonymously or under a pseudonym is valid for 70 years after the date of its lawful promulgation, unless the author becomes known during this period.[2006 Art. 21.3]
  • Copyright in a work created in co-authorship lasts for the life and 70 years after the death of the last surviving co-author.[2006 Art. 21.4]
  • Copyright in a work first published after the death of the author is valid for 70 years after its release.[2006 Art. 21.5] If the author has been repressed and rehabilitated posthumously, the term of protection of rights provided for in this article shall begin on 1 January of the year following the year of rehabilitation. If the author worked during the Great Patriotic War or the Patriotic War of the people of Abkhazia 1992-1993, or participated in one of them, the term of protection of copyright, provided for in this article, is increased by 4 and 1.5 years, respectively.[2006 Art. 21.5]
  • Calculation of the above dates begins on 1 January of the year following the year of the event on which the duration is based.[2006 Art. 21.6]

Not protected

Under the 2006 Law on Copyright and Related Rights the following are not objects of copyright[2006 Art.8]:

  • official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative and judicial nature), as well as their official translations;
  • state symbols and signs (flags, emblems, orders, bank notes and other state symbols and signs);
  • works of folk art;
  • messages about events and facts of informational nature.

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-AB-exempt}} for works that are not objects of copyright.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  . Only incidental, non-commercial use allowed. Under the 2006 Law on Copyright and Related Rights,

  • It is allowed without the consent of the author and without paying the author's fee to reproduce, broadcast or communicate to the public by cable of works of architecture, photography or fine art which are permanently located in a place open to the public, except when the image of the work is the main object such reproduction, transmission or broadcast to the public by cable or when the image of the work is used for commercial purposes.[2006 Art.21]

Stamps

Public domain use {{PD-AB-exempt}}

See also

Citations

  1. WIPO Lex. WIPO. Retrieved on 2019-01-24.
  2. Circular 38a: International Copyright Relations 11. United States Copyright Office of the United States (2019). Retrieved on 2019-01-13.
  3. Law of the Republic of Abkhazia on Copyright and Related Rights. Abhazia. Retrieved on 2019-01-24.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Akrotiri and Dhekelia

Acrotiri y Dhekelia

Otra región, por ejemplo dependencia, unión, antiguo país

LocationAkrotiriDhekelia.png

Akrotiri and Dhekelia is a British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus. Presumably for copyright purposes it would be covered by the laws of the United Kingdom.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Saudi Arabia

Arabia Saudita

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Saudi Arabia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Saudi Arabia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Saudi Arabia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Saudi Arabia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Ibn Saud, son of the former Emir of Nejd, conquered Riyadh in 1902. Over the next thirty years he extended his control over Najd, Hejaz and parts of Eastern and Southern Arabia. He founded the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

Saudi Arabia has been a member of the Universal Copyright Convention since 13 July 1994, the Berne Convention since 11 March 2004 and the World Trade Organization since 11 December 2005.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Copyright Law (promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/41 of 2 Rajab, 1424 (August 30th,2003)) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Saudi Arabia.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2][3]

Applicability

Protected works are: Written materials like books, booklets and others; Works which are verbally delivered like lectures, speeches,poetry, songs and the like; Dramatic works, plays, shows and similar presentations which involve motion, sound or both; Works which are especially prepared for broadcasting or are presented through broadcasting; Drawings, works of plastic arts, architecture, decorative art and artistic embroidery and the like; Sound and audio-visual works; Applied art works, whether handcrafted or manufactured; Photographic works and the like; Illustrations, geographical maps, designs, plans, sketches and sculptured works related to geography, topography, architecture and science; Three Dimensional works of geography, topography, architecture or science; Computer programs. Protection shall include the title of a work, if it is of creative nature, and not a common expression indicating the subject matter of the work.[M/41/2003 Art. 2] Derivative works such as translations, abridgements and collections are also protected.[M/41/2003 Art. 3]

General rules

Under the Copyright Law (M/41 of 30 August 2003),

  • The period of copyright for the author of a work shall be for the duration of his life and for a period of 50 years following his death.[M/41/2003 Art. 19 First(1)]
  • The period of copyright for joint works shall be computed from the date of the death of the last surviving author.[M/41/2003 Art. 19 First(2)]
  • The protection period for works where the author is a corporate entity is 50 years from the date of the first publication of the work.[M/41/2003 Art. 19 First(3)]
  • The protection period for a work whose author's name is unknown is 50 years from the date of the first publication of the work, as long as the author does not become known during this period.[M/41/2003 Art. 19 First(3)]
  • The protection period for sound works, audio-visual works, films, collective works and computer programs is 50 years from the date of the first show or publication of the work, regardless of republication.[M/41/2003 Art. 19 First(5)]
  • The protection period for applied art (handcrafted or manufactured) and photographs is 25 years of the date of publication, regardless of republication.[M/41/2003 Art. 19 First(6)]

United States status

In order to be hosted on Commons, all works must be in the public domain in the United States as well as in their source country. Saudi Arabia's works are currently in the public domain in the United States if their copyright had expired in Saudi Arabia on the URAA date of restoration (Dec. 11, 2005).[4]

  • Photographic work or work of applied art: copyright has expired in the U.S. if published prior to 1979
  • Sound works, audio-visual works, films or collective works: copyright has expired in the U.S. if published prior to 1954
  • Broadcast materials: copyright has expired in the U.S. if transmitted prior to 1979
  • Other works with an identifiable author: copyright has expired in the U.S. if author died prior to 1954
  • Work whose author is unknown or was published by a corporate entity: copyright has expired in the U.S. if published prior to 1954

Works not protected

Under the Copyright Law (M/41 of 30 August 2003), protection does not cover the following[M/41/2003 Art. 4]:

  • Laws and Judicial judgments, decisions of administrative bodies, international agreements and all official documents, as well as the official translations thereof, subject to the provisions concerning the circulation of these documents.
  • What is published in newspapers, magazines and periodicals, or broadcasted in daily news or news-like events.
  • Ideas, procedures, work methods, concepts of mathematical sciences, axioms and abstract facts.

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Saudi Arabia}} – photos, films, sound and artistic works 25 years after publication, starting from the publication date.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  

  • The Copyright Law detailed in the Royal Decree No. M/41, 2 Rajab, 1424 (30.08.2003) and the Implementing Regulations contain no mention of freedom of panorama.
  • Even taking pictures of sites not covered by copyrights may be challenged, and photographers operating in Saudi Arabia have found it useful to carry a copy of a decree allowing taking pictures from public places.[5][6]

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Armenia

Armenia

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Armenia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Armenia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Armenia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Armenia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

By the 19th century Armenia was divided between the Russian and Ottoman empires. The first Republic of Armenia was formed in 1918, and in 1920 became part of the Transcaucasian state, which in 1922 joined the Soviet Union. In 1936 Armenia became a separate republic within the USSR. Armenia regained independence in 1991 when the Soviet Union was dissolved.

Armenia has been a member of the Berne Convention since 19 October 2000, the World Trade Organization since 5 February 2003 and the WIPO treaty since 6 March 2005.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law of the Republic of Armenia of June 15, 2006, on Copyright and Related Rights (as amended on September 30, 2013) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Armenia.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Wikisource holds the original text as of 2006.[3] The Armenian government provides slightly more recent Armenian and Russian versions.[4]

The 2006 law repealed the Law of the Republic of Armenia of December 8, 1999, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights. WIPO also holds the text of this law.[5]

General rules

According to the Copyright law of 1999, the duration of copyright was 50 years after the death of the author and 50 years after publication for anonymous work.[1999 Article 26]

Under the 2006 Law on Copyright and Related Rights (as amended on September 30, 2013) durations were prolonged to 70 years after death or publication.[2013 Article 37] The new law restored copyright to works whose protection had expired under the previous law but which qualified for protection under the new law.[2013 Article 72] Under the 2013 version of the law,

  • The property rights of the author are valid throughout the life of the author and continue to operate 70 years after his death.[2013 Article 37.1]
  • Property rights to a work created in co-authorship are valid throughout the life of the co-authors and continue to operate 70 years after the death of the last of the co-authors.[2013 Article 37.2]
  • In the case of works under a pseudonym or anonymous works, the author’s property rights arise from the moment when the work becomes lawfully accessible to the public and is in effect for 70 years.[2013 Article 37.3]
  • The term of validity of property rights to a collective work arise from the moment when the work becomes lawfully accessible to the public and is in effect for 70 years.[2013 Article 37.4]
  • Property rights to audiovisual works are 70 years after the death of the last of the co-authors (director, scriptwriter, author of the dialogue, author of music written specifically for this work, cameraman).[2013 Article 37.6]
  • The dates established by this article shall be calculated from the first of January of the year following the corresponding specified event.[2013 Article 37.8]

Not protected

  • The following works not subject to copyright: a) works of folklore and folk art; b) information about the news of the day or current events and facts; c) official documents - legal acts, contracts and their official translations; d) state symbols and signs (flags, emblems, orders, bank notes and so on); e) political speeches, speeches made during the trial; f) results obtained by technical means without human creative activity.[2013 Article 4.1]
  • Copyright does not apply to scientific discoveries, ideas, principles, methods, procedures, concepts, systems, processes, scientific theories, mathematical formulas, statistical diagrams, rules of the game, even if they are expressed, described, disclosed, covered in works.[2013 Article 4.2]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Armenia}} – for anonymous works or pseudonymous works 70 years after creation, other works 70 years after the death of the (last-surviving) author, "expressions of traditional folklore and art" or "political speeches, speeches delivered in the court," or "official documents, legal acts, treaties and the official translations thereof, state emblems and signs (flags, coats of arms, medals, monetary signs)."
  • {{PD-AM-exempt}} – for works of folklore; communications on daily news or on current events that are press information; official documents (laws, decisions, decrees, etc.) as well as their official translations; state emblems and signs (flags, coats of arm (armorial bearings), medals (decorations), monetary signs, etc.); results obtained by technical means without the intervention of human creative activity.

Currency

Symbol OK.svg  Armenian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by the 2013 version of the copyright law of Armenia.[2013 Article 4.1(d)]

Please use {{PD-AM-exempt}} for Armenian currency images.

Freedom of panorama

  • Symbol OK.svg  for sculptures: {{FoP-Armenia}}
  • Symbol OK.svg  for buildings and models of buildings: {{FoP-Armenia}}
  • Symbol OK.svg  for other art works (paintings, graphics, design and other works of fine arts, works of applied decorative art and stage graphics. maps, plans, sketches and plastic works related to geography, topography, geology, urban planning, architecture and other sciences.{{FoP-Armenia}}

The version of the copyright law provided by WIPO states, "It is allowed to reproduce, broadcast for non-commercial purposes an architectural, photographic or fine art work located in places open to the public without the consent of the author and the payment of author's remuneration".[2013 Article 25(d)] However, an amendment effective late April 2013 removed the restriction on commercial use, and says, "Works which are located on streets, parks, squares and other places open for attendance can be reproduced and broadcasted, and reproduced copies can be distributed, including through internet, without permission of the author and without payment to the author, in any tangible medium and by any means and in any form".[2013 Article 25(d) amended].

Stamps

Public domain use {{PD-AM-exempt}}.

Stamps appear to qualify as "state symbols and signs", which are not subject to copyright under the 2013 version of the copyright law [2013 Article 4.1(d)].

See also

Citations

  1. a b Armenia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law of the Republic of Armenia of June 15, 2006, on Copyright and Related Rights (as amended on September 30, 2013) (2013 publisher=Armenia). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Wikisource:Armenia. Law on Copyright and Related Rights 2013
  4. Law "On Copyright and Neighboring Rights" of 15 June 2006 (in Armenian). Armenia (13 April 2013). Retrieved on 2018-12-15.
  5. Law of the Republic of Armenia of December 8, 1999, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights. Armenia (1999). Retrieved on 2018-12-15.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Azerbaijan

Azerbaiyán

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Azerbaijan relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Azerbaijan must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Azerbaijan and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Azerbaijan, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The region that today is Azerbaijan was ceded by Iran to Russia in the 19th century, then became the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918, and the Azerbaijan SSR, part of the Soviet Union, in 1920. Nagorno-Karabakh, an oblast of the Azerbaijan SSR with an Armenian majority population, has been self-governing since 1988. During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan became independent on 18 October 1991. The Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) claims independence, supported by Armenia, but has not been internationally recognised.

Azerbaijan has been a member of the Berne Convention since 4 June 1999 and the WIPO treaty since 11 April 2006.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law on Copyright and Related Rights of October 22, 1996 (as amended up to Law No. 636-IVQD of April 30, 2013) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Azerbaijan.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] WIPO also holds the text of Law on Legal Protection of Azerbaijani Folklore Expressions of August 8, 2003 (as amended up to Law No. 638-IVQD of April 30, 2013).[3]

General rules

According to the Copyright law of 1996 as amended up to Law No. 636-IVQD of April 30, 2013,

  • Copyright to a work remains in the force through the author's lifetime and for 70 years after his death, except for the cases stipulated in Article 26 of this Law.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 25.1]
  • With works published anonymously or under a pseudonym, the duration of copyright terminates 70 years after lawful publication.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 26.1]
  • Copyright to works created in co-authorship remains in effect through the co-authors' lifetimes and for 70 years after the death of the last co-author.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 26.2]
  • Copyright to a work that was first published within 30 years after the author's death remains in effect for 70 years after the date of lawful publication.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 26.3]
  • The rights to collective works remain in effect for 70 years after the publication of such works, if they are not published after creation.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 26.4]
  • The term of protection is calculated from beginning of the year following the year in which the protection term of the legal fact occurs.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 25.2]
  • Duration of protection determined by this Law shall be applied to all works of which term of protection has not expired until this Law enters into force.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 25.3]

Not protected

The following items are not objects of copyright:

  • Official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative or judicial character) and their official translations;
  • State emblems and official signs (flags, arms, anthems, orders, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs);
  • Folk creativity (folklore) expressions ;
  • News of day, data about various events and the facts of information character.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 7]

Collective works

The natural persons and legal entities publishing encyclopaedias, encyclopaedic dictionaries, periodic collections, and collections of scientific works, newspapers, magazines and other periodicals shall hold the exclusive rights to use such publications in their entirety. The authors of the works incorporated in such publications shall preserve the exclusive rights to use their works irrespective of the entire publication, unless otherwise stipulated by an author's contract.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 10.2]

Folklore: not free

Véase también : Commons:Dominio público pagante Folklore expressions are protected by the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Legal Protection of Azerbaijani Folklore Expressions (as amended up to Law No. 638-IVQD of April 30, 2013).

Azerbaijan folklore expressions shall mean word art works, folk music, games and dances, works of folk handicraft and applied arts (existing and not existing in a material form) created in a verbal form as well as other products of folk creative work created and protected by Azerbaijani people, its individuals and reflecting traditional artistic values, world view, hopes and wishes, characteristic features of artistic heritage of Azerbaijani people.[638-IVQD/2013 Article 1.0.1] Legal and natural persons of other states shall be entitled to use folklore expression outside the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan in commercial purpose only with authorization of relevant executive body and with payment of fee for use. That fee shall be transferred to the account of relevant executive body and used for promotion of intellectual creativity, also safeguarding and enrichment of folklore expressions.[638-IVQD/2013 Article 6.3]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-AZ-exempt}} – for official documents (laws, court decisions, other texts of legislative, administrative or judicial character) and official translations thereof; State emblems and official signs (flags, armorial bearings, decorations, monetary signs and other State symbols and official signs); works of folklore, which have no signs of Article 5 of this law; communications concerning events and facts that have informational character.
  • {{President.az}} – The permission letter from the Press Secretary for the President of Azerbaijan is available here:
The are no restrictions on the full or partial use of textual, photographic, video and audio material featured on the official website of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan by the media outlets, internet resources and information carriers. This also applies to television channels, radio stations, newspapers, magazines, scientific publications and encyclopedias (including online encyclopedias).
Photographs are released under the conditions of the GFDL license which allows copying, distribution, reproduction and performance of a work, and creation of derivative works under the condition that the work is marked in a way stated by the Licensor and under the condition that the same license applies to all derivative works. Photographs are property of the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Please mark the photographs used as "Archive of the Press Service of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan - www.president.az".

Currency

Symbol OK.svg  Monetary signs, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by the 2013 Copyright law of Azerbaijan.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 7]

Please use {{PD-AZ-exempt}} for Azerbaijan currency images.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  : According to the Copyright law of 1996 as amended up to Law No. 636-IVQD of April 30, 2013,

  • The following shall be permitted without the consent of the author ... to reproduce, in order to present current events by means of photography or cinematography, broadcasting, cablecasting or other public communication of works seen or heard in the course of such events to the extent justified by the informational purpose.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 19.4]
  • The reproduction, or public communication of architectural works, photographic works and works of fine art permanently located in a public place shall be permissible without the author's or other copyright owner’s consent and without paying author’s remuneration, except where the presentation of the work constitutes the main feature of the said reproduction, or public communication, if it is used for commercial purposes.[636-IVQD/2013 Article 20]

Stamps

Public domain use {{PD-AZ-exempt}}

An exception is File:1995 John Lennon..jpg.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Azerbaijan Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law on Copyright and Related Rights (as amended up to Law No. 636-IVQD of April 30, 2013). Azerbaijan (2013). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law on Legal Protection of Azerbaijani Folklore Expressions (as amended up to Law No. 638-IVQD of April 30, 2013). Azerbaijan (2013). Retrieved on 2018-12-16.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Bahrain

Baréin

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Bahrain relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Bahrain must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Bahrain and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Bahrain, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Bahrain, an island in the Persian Gulf, became a British protectorate in 1892. On 15 August 1971 the country became independent.

Bahrain has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995, the Berne Convention since 2 March 1997 and the WIPO treaty since 15 December 2005.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 22 of 2006 relating to the Protection of Copyright and Neighboring Rights as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Bahrain.[1] WIPO holds an English version of the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] This repealed Legislative Decree No. 10 of June 7, 1993 in respect of Copyright Law.

The law was modified by Law No. 5 of 2014 amending some Provisions of Law No. 22 of 2006 relating to the Protection of Copyright and Neighboring Rights. WIPO holds the Arabic text of this law in their WIPO Lex database. It does not appear to affect the definitions of works or durations of protection.[3]

General rules

According to the former Legislative Decree No. 10 of June 7, 1993 in respect of Copyright Law,[4]*Copyright protection for an intellectual property lapsed 50 calendar years after the death of the author.[10/1993 Art.31(1)]

  • For jointly owned intellectual properties, the period was calculated from the date of the death of the last survivor of the co-authors.[10/1993 Art.31(1)]
  • Copyright protection lapsed upon the expiry of 50 calendar years from the date of publication for the following intellectual works:
    • Cinematographic films, applied arts works and photographs.[10/1993 Art.31(2a)]
    • Intellectual properties published under a pseudonym or without carrying the author's name unless the identity of the author has been revealed during that period.[10/1993 Art.31(2b)]
    • Intellectual properties belonging to public or private corporate entities.[10/1993 Art.31(2c)]
    • Intellectual properties published for the first time after the author's death.[10/1993 Art.31(2d)]
  • Protection period for computer software lapsed upon the expiry of 50 years from the date of completing the work or 40 years from the date of publication, whichever was earlier.[10/1993 Art.31(3)]
  • Works that had entered the public domain under the 1993 law before the 2006 law took effect remained in the public domain.[22/2006 Article 78]

Under Law No. 22 of 2006 relating to the Protection of Copyright and Neighboring Rights,

  • An author's economic rights are protected throughout his lifetime and for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year of his death, except where other provision is made in this subsection.[22/2006 Article 37]
  • The economic rights of authors of joint works are protected throughout their lifetime and for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which the last surviving author dies.[22/2006 Article 38]
  • The economic rights to collective works and audiovisual works are protected for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which those works were first legally published. If such publication does not take place within 50 years of the date the works were created, the economic rights to those works are protected for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which they were created.[22/2006 Article 39]
  • The economic rights of works published anonymously or under a pseudonym are protected for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which those works were first legally published. If such publication does not take place within 50 years of the date the works were created, the economic rights to those works are protected for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which they were created.[22/2006 Article 40]
  • The economic rights to works of the applied arts are protected for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which those works were first legally published. If such publication does not take place within 50 years of the date the works were created, the economic rights to those works are protected for 70 years beginning on the first day of the calendar year following the year in which they were created.[22/2006 Article 41]

Not protected

Protection is not accorded to: (a) Mere ideas, procedures, working methods, mathematical concepts, principles, discoveries or data, (b) Legislation, judgements and judicial decrees, the judgement of arbitrators, decisions issued by administrative committees possessing judicial prerogatives, international treaties and all other official documents and official translations thereof, (c) News of current affairs when of a purely informative nature. Nevertheless, collections of the above elements do enjoy protection if creativity exists in the selection or arrangement of the contents.[22/2006 Article 4]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Bahrain}} – for films 70 years from publication, for other works 70 years after the author's death.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  , Only non-commercial use is allowed. Under Law No. 22 of 2006,

  • It is lawful, without the consent of the author and without paying compensation, to broadcast to the public for non­commercial purposes, works of the fine, applied, visual or architectural arts, if those works are permanently located in a public place.[22/2006 Article 4]
  • Copyright expires after 70 calendar years from the death of author or last surviving author (Joint work).[22/2006 Article 37–38]

Citations

  1. a b Bahrain Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  2. Act No. 22 of the Year 2006 relating to the Protection of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights. Bahrain (2006). Retrieved on 2018-12-16.
  3. Law No. 5 of 2014 amending some Provisions of Law No. 22 of 2006 relating to the Protection of Copyright and Neighboring Rights (in Arabic). Bahrain (2014). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  4. Legislative Decree No. 10. Bahrain (June 7, 1993). Retrieved on 2019-01-22.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Qatar

Catar

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Qatar relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Qatar must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Qatar and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Qatar, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Qatar is a state on the northeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. It submitted to Ottoman rule in 1871. During World War I, Qatar became a British protectorate in 1916 as a member of the Trucial States. In 1971 Qatar became independent of Britain.

Qatar has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 13 January 1996, the Berne Convention since 5 July 2000 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 28 October 2005.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 7 of 2002 on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Qatar.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] It appears to be retroactive: Law No. 25 of 1995 is hereby repealed as well as any provisions inconsistent with the provisions of this Law.[7/2002 Article 57]

General rules

According to Law No. 7 of 2002, for an original, artistic or literary work

  • Economic rights are protected during the life of the Author and for 50 years after his death.[7/2002 Article 15]
  • For a work of joint authorship, rights are protected for 50 years from the date of the death of the last surviving co­author.[7/2002 Article 15]
  • For an audiovisual or collective work, rights are protected for 50 years as from the date on which the work was first published. For works that are not published, the term of protection shall run from the first day of the calendar year after the completion date of the work.[7/2002 Article 15]
  • For a work published under a pseudonym or published anonymously, rights are protected for 50 years from the first day of the calendar year following the date on which the work was first published.[7/2002 Article 15]

National folklore

Any expression which consists of distinctive elements of the traditional artistic heritage, originating or developed in the State of Qatar and reflects its artistic heritage, shall be considered as national folklore, including in particular the following expressions: oral expressions such as tales, popular poetry and riddles; musical expressions such as popular songs accompanied by music; motion expressions such as popular dances, plays, artistic forms and rituals, whether or not incorporated into material form; tangible expressions such as: products or popular art particularly drawings with lines and colors, engravings, sculptures, ceramics, pottery, woodwork, mosaic, metal, jewelry, hand­woven bags, knitting, carpets, textiles; musical instruments; architectural forms.[7/2002 Article 1]

National folklore shall be the public property of the State. The State, represented by the Ministry shall protect national folklore by all legal means, and shall act as the author of folklore works in facing any deformation, modification or commercial exploitation.[7/2002 Article 32]

Not protected

The protection provided by this Law shall not cover the following works:

  • laws, legal provisions, administrative decisions, international treaties, official documents or any official translation thereof.[7/2002 Article 4(1)]
  • daily news and other news of mere informatory nature.[7/2002 Article 4(2)]
  • ideas, procedures, operational methods, mathematical concepts, principles and mere data.[7/2002 Article 4(3)]

Currency

X mark.svg   (See Commons:Deletion requests/Files in Category:Banknotes of Qatar)

Law No. 7 of 2002 on the Protection of Copyright and Neighboring Rightssays

  • The protection provided by this Law shall not cover the following works ... laws, legal provisions, administrative decisions, international treaties, official documents or any official translation thereof.[7/2002 Article 4(1)]

However, "official documents" seems unlikely to include currency. The Qatar Central Bank states that all content on its site (which includes images of currency) may not be used for commercial purposes without the permission of the bank.[3]

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  . There is no provision for freedom of panorama of any sort under Qatari law.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Law No. 7 of 2002 on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights. Qatar (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. Qatar Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  3. Disclaimer. Quatar Central bank. Retrieved on 2019-03-23.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Cyprus

Chipre

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Cyprus relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Cyprus must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Cyprus and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Cyprus, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Cyprus was transferred from the Ottoman Empire to British administration in 1878, and was annexed by Britain in 1914. The island gained independence in 1960. Northern Cyprus became autonomous in 1974 with the support of Turkey, and in 1983 declared independence, but has not gained international recognition.

Cyprus has been a member of the Berne Convention since 16 August 1960, the World Trade Organization since 30 July 1995 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 4 November 2003.[1] As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Copyright Laws 1976 to 1993 (Law No. 59 of December 3, 1976, as amended by Law No. 18(I), 1993) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Cyprus.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

This law was modified in 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006 and 2007.[1] As of 2018 the University of Cyprus Library cited Law no. 59/76 regarding Intellectual Property Rights (as modified by Laws N.63/77, N.18(I)/93, N.54(I)/99, N.12(I)/2001), N.128(I)/2002 and N.128(I)/2004) as the source of rules on Intellectual Property Rights.[3]

General rules

In December 2018 the University of Cyprus Library gave durations as:

  • Scientific, literary, music and artistic works: rights expire 70 years after the creator’s death.
  • Motion pictures: rights expire 70 years after the death of the last survivor of: producer, main director, scriptwriter, dialogues writer and composer of music composed specifically for use in the motion picture.
  • Photographs: rights expire 70 years after the creator’s death.
  • Sound recordings: rights expire 50 years after the date of recording, or 50 years from the date it is published or presented if that happens within 50 years of creation.
  • Broadcasts: rights expire 50 years after the date of broadcasting
  • Publication of previously unpublished works: rights expire 25 years from the date the work is published.

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Cyprus}}

The WIPO version of Copyright Laws 1976 to 1993, section 7(1), includes exception (c): "the reproduction and distribution of copies of any artistic work permanently situated in a place where it may be viewed by the public;"

See also

Citations

  1. a b c Cyprus Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. The Copyright Laws 1976 to 1993 (Law No. 59, of December 3, 1976, as last amended by Law No. 18(I), 1993). Cyprus (1993). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  3. Copyright. University of Cyprus Library. Retrieved on 2018-12-02.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:United Arab Emirates

Emiratos Árabes Unidos

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of the United Arab Emirates (UAR) relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in the United Arab Emirates must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both the United Arab Emirates and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from the United Arab Emirates, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The emirates that now make up the UAR became a British protectorate in 1819 as the Trucial States. The United Arab Emirates became independent on 2 December 1971.

The UAR has been a member of the the World Trade Organization since 10 April 1996 and the Berne Convention and WIPO Copyright Treaty since 14 July 2004.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Federal Law No. 7 of 2002 Concerning Copyrights and Neighboring Rights as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of the United Arab Emirates.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] The Talal Abu-Ghazaleh Organization holds a copy of Federal Law No.(32) of the year 2006 Amending the Federal Law No.(7) of the year 2002 concerning copyrights and neighboring rights.[3]

The 2002 law replaced Federal Law No. 40 of 1992 on the Protection of Intellectual Works and Copyright. WIPO also holds a copy of the earlier 1992 law.[4] Under the 2002 law,

  • The Federal Law No. 40 of the year 1992 and any other provision contrary to the provisions of this law, are hereby cancelled.[7/2002 Article 48]
  • The applied regulations and decisions shall be valid as long as they do not contradict with the provisions of this law until the new regulations and the implementing decisions are issued, and entered into force.[7/2002 Article 49]

General rules

Under the former Federal Law No. 40 of 1992,

  • Copyright was valid during the author's lifetime and for 25 calendar years after his death.[7/2002 Article 20]
  • Copyright was valid for 25 calendar years from date of publication for the following works[7/2002 Article 20]:
    • Cinema films and works of the applied arts.
    • Works made by legal persons.
    • Works published under a pen name, or without mentioning the author's name.
    • Works published for the first time after the death of their author.
  • The period of copyright for photographic works was 10 calendar years from the date of publication.[7/2002 Article 20]
  • The period of copyright for works of joint authors was counted from the death date of the last surviving author.[7/2002 Article 20]

Under Federal law No. 7 of 2002, which is retroactive, as amended in 2006:

  • The economic rights of the author are protected through his lifetime and for 50 years beginning from the first day of the calendar year following the death.[7/2002 Article 20.1]
  • The economic rights of the joint authors shall be protected through their lifetime and fifty years beginning from the first day of the calendar year following the death of the last surviving author.[7/2002 Article 20.2]
  • Collective works except applied arts are protected for 50 years beginning from the first day of the next calendar year of the first publication if the author is a legal person, but if the author is a natural person, the period will be calculated according to the rule stipulated in (1) and (2) of this article.[7/2002 Article 20.3]
  • The economic rights of works published for the first time after the death of their author expire after 50 years starting the first day of the next calendar year of its first publications.[7/2002 Article 20.3]
  • The economic rights of the works published anonymously or pseudonymously shall be protected for 50 years from the first day of the next calendar year of the first publication, unless the author becomes known in this period.[7/2002 Article 20.4]
  • The economic rights of the authors of the applied art works shall expire after 25 years of its first publication, starting the first day of the next calendar year.[7/2002 Article 20.5]

In order to be hosted on Commons, public domain works must be out-of-copyright in both the United States and their source country. Emirati photographs are currently in the public domain in the United States if their protection period had expired in the United Arab Emirates prior to the URAA date of restoration (10 April 1996).

Not protected

Under Federal Law No. 7 of 2002 protection does not extend to:

  • Mere ideas, procedures, methods of work, mathematical understandings, principles, and abstract facts, but extends to creative expression in any of them.[7/2002 Article 3]
  • Official documents, whatever their original language or the language they are translated to, such as the texts of laws, regulations, decisions, international agreements, judgments, arbitrators’ awards and the decisions of the administrative committees having judicial competence.[7/2002 Article 3(1)]
  • News, events and current facts, which constitute merely media news.[7/2002 Article 3(2)]
  • Works transferred to public property.[7/2002 Article 3(3)]

Copyright tags

Currency

X mark.svg   Banknotes and coins are not exempted from copyright law in the United Arab Emirates, and so are protected in the same way as other works of applied and plastic art or drawings, with respect to reproduction and to the time period of copyright protection.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg   {{NoFoP-UAE}}

There is no usable FoP provision in the copyright law of the UAE (Federal Law #1 of 1972, Federal Law #15 of 1980, Federal Law #40 of 1992, and Federal Law (32) 2006). UAE copyright law as of 2006 discusses an FoP like provision, but it is restricted to "broadcasts".

  • The author must not prohibit a third person from performing one of the following acts ... Presenting fine arts, applied and plastic arts or architectural works in broadcasting programmes, if such works are permanently present in public places.[7/2002 Article 22.7]

See Commons talk:Freedom of panorama/Archive 6#Update: UAE FoP situation under dispute for a discussion on FoP in the UAE.

Stamps

Copyrighted The 2002 UAE law states that such works as stamps are protected for 50 years starting from 1 January of the publication year. Yet the 1992 law gave a 25 years copyright protection (starting from the publication date). This means that all UAE postage stamps printed before 1977 are in public domain. Stamps issued after that year should wait 50 years.

One may tag Template:PD-United Arab Emirates stamp to any such image.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Georgia

Georgia

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Georgia relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Georgia must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Georgia and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Georgia, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Georgia was absorbed by the Russian Empire during the 19th century. After the Russian Revolution Georgia was briefly independent, then was part of the Transcaucasian Federation, a member of the Soviet Union. In 1936 Georgia became a republic of the Soviet Union. In April 1991 Georgia became fully independent of the Soviet Union. In 1992-93 Abkhasia, in the west, gained de-facto independence under the protection of Russia. In 2008 South Ossetia also gained de-facto independence under the protection of Russia. The breakaway regions have not gained international recognition.

Georgia has been a member of the Berne Convention since 16 May 1995, the World Trade Organization since 14 June 2000 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 6 March 2002.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law of Georgia No. 2112-IIS of June 22, 1999, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (as amended up to Law No. 1917 of December 23, 2017) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Georgia.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Works whose protection had expired when the 1999 law came into force did not gain renewed protection, but works that were still protected would continue to be protected under the terms of the new law.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 67]

General rules

The Law on Copyright and Neighboring Rights as of 2017 says,

  • Copyright shall commence upon creation of a work and shall run for the life of the author and for 70 years after his/her death, except for the cases provided for by Article 32 of this Law.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 31.1]
  • If a work is published anonymously or under a pseudonym, copyright lasts for 70 years from year of publication unless the author reveals themself or there is no doubt about who they are, in which case it lasts for 70 years after their year of death.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 32.1]
  • Copyright of a work with co-authors belongs to all the authors, even if the work is divisible, and lasts for 70 years after the year of death of the last surviving author.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 32.2]
  • Copyright in composite and derivative works shall run for 70 years from the time when the works were lawfully published or made available to the public, and if a work has not been published or made available to the public - from the date of its creation.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 32.4]
  • The author of a compiled work (collective work) such as an encyclopedia, periodical or newspaper holds copyright in that work, but unless provided otherwise by contract the individual authors have the right to use their contributions independently and in other compiled works.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 14]
  • Copyright in an audiovisual work shall run for 70 years after the death of the last of the surviving authors (co-authors).[2112-IIS/2017 Article 32.5] With audiovisual works the producer, director and authors of script, dialog and music are considered co-authors.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 15]
  • Calculation of the terms prescribed by Articles 31 and 32 shall commence from January 1 of the year following the year in which the legal event, serving as a basis for commencing the running of the above-mentioned terms, has occurred.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 31.2]

Not protected

Under the Copyright Laws as of 2017, "The following shall not be protected by copyright: a) official documents (legislative acts, court decisions, other texts of administrative and regulatory nature), as well as their official translations; b) official state symbols (flags, coats-of-arms, anthems, rewards, banknotes, other state symbols and insignia); c) information about facts and events".[2112-IIS/2017 Article 8]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-GE-exempt}} – for official documents (laws, decisions of courts, other texts of administrative and normative character), as well as their official translations; official symbols of state (flag, emblem, anthem, award, monetary symbols, other official signs and symbols of state); information of events and facts.
  • {{PD-Georgia}} – for works first published in Georgia and now in the public domain because a copyright protection has expired by virtue of the Law of Georgia on Copyright and Neighboring Rights.

Currency

Symbol OK.svg  Georgian currency is not copyrighted. Monetary items, together with other state symbols, are explicitly excluded from copyright by article 8 of Copyright law of Georgia.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 8]

Please use {{PD-GE-exempt}} for Georgian currency images.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg   Images cannot be used if a protected work is the main subject or it is used for commercial purposes.

It shall be permitted to reproduce or communicate to the public without the consent of the author or other copyright holder and without remuneration thereof images of works of architecture, photography, and fine arts permanently displaced in public places, except for the cases when the image of a work is the main object for such reproduction or communication to the public, or is used for commercial purposes.[2112-IIS/2017 Article 24]

Stamps

PD-icon.svg use {{PD-GE-exempt}}.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Georgia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law of Georgia No. 2112-IIS of June 22, 1999, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (as amended up to Law No. 1917 of December 23, 2017). Georgia (2017). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Ottoman Empire

Imperio otomano

Otra región, por ejemplo dependencia, unión, antiguo país

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of the Ottoman Empire relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in the Ottoman Empire must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both the country of origin and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from the Ottoman Empire, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The Ottoman Empire, based in Turkey, once covered large parts of the Balkans, Greece, the Middle East and North Africa. It slowly declined during the 19th century, sided with Germany during World War I and was defeated.

The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire began with the Treaty of London (1915) and continued with multiple agreements among the Allies. The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire was discussed during the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. The peace agreement, the Treaty of Sèvres, was eventually signed by the Ottoman Empire (not ratified) and the Allied administration.

States that were in part or whole within the Ottoman Empire in 1913 were Turkey, Armenia (soon part of the USSR), Iraq (British mandate), Syria and the Lebanon (French mandate), Palestine (British mandate), Jordan (British mandate), Hejaz (later part of Saudi Arabia) and Yemen.

General rules

The Ottoman Empire was dissolved in 1923, therefore all works published there are currently in the public domain in the United States. The Ottoman Empire refused to recognize international copyright, so works published there are not protected by copyright internationally.[1] Ottoman official documents are also not protected since the divans (which comprised a large variety of legal documents) were in the public domain in the Empire.[2] The empire's copyright code also explicitly stated that legislation could not be copyrighted.[3] The Empire required that copyright formalities be met (copyright notice, registration, and deposit). The copyright term was 30 years after the death of the author, sometimes less.

Note that works in copyright when the Empire was dissolved may be subject to the copyright laws of successor countries. A precise date of publication must be provided, especially if the image was published circa 1920. Photographs claiming PD status on the basis of Ottoman origin must have been published in the Ottoman Empire, not merely taken there.

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Ottoman}} – for works published in the Ottoman Empire, all of which are currently in the public domain.

Stamps

Public domain use {{PD-Ottoman}}.

See also

Citations

  1. Intellectual Property Guide: Global Frameworks. Caslon Analytics. Archived from the original on 2008-02-10. Retrieved on 2009-01-26.
  2. Al-Qattan, Najwa () "Inside the Ottoman courthouse: territorial law at the intersection of state and religion" in The Early Modern Ottomans, Cambridge University Press, pp. p, 207 Retrieved on . ISBN: 9780521817646.
  3. Birnhack, Michael (2011). "Hebrew Authors and English Copyright Law in Mandate Palestine". Theoretical Inquiries in Law 12 (1): 201-240. CITED: p. 206. // which cited: "Authors’ Rights Act of 1910", Hakk-ı Telif Kanunu, 2 Düstour 273 (1910), 12 Jamad ul Awal 1328 / 22 May 1910, § 8
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Iraq

Irak

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Iraq relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Iraq must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Iraq and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Iraq, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Iraq was long part of the Ottoman empire, then during World War I came under British control. It gained nominal independence in 1932 as the Kingdom of Iraq, and became a republic after a coup in 1958.

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 3 of 1971 on Copyright as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Iraq.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2][3]This law was amended on 1 May 2004 by Order No. 83, Amendment to the Copyright Law.[4]

General rules

Under the Copyright Law No.3 of 1971,

  • Copyright expired 25 years after the death of the author, provided that the period of protection shall not be less than 50 years from the date of publication of the work.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • Copyright in photographic and cinematographic works which only give automatic transfer of landscapes expired 5 years from the date of the first publication of the work.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • The duration of the joint works was calculated from the date of death of the last surviving participant.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • If the right holder was a public or private legal person, the rights expired 30 years from the date of first publication.[3/1971 Art. 20]
  • There was no protection for anonymous or pseudonymous works unless the author or his heirs revealed his identity.[3/1971 Art. 21]
  • The term of protection for works published for the first time after the death of the author was calculated from the date of his death.[3/1971 Art. 22]

In 2004, the CPA (Coalition Provisional Authority) non-retroactively amended the law by Order No. 83 so that,

  • The author’s economic rights provided are protected throughout the lifetime of the author and for 50 years from the date of his death.[83/2004 Art. 20 (1)]
  • The economic rights relating to works of joint authorship are protected throughout the lives of all co-authors and for 50 years from the death of the last survivor.[83/2004 Art. 20 (2)]
  • For collective works other than works of applied arts,
    • Where the copyright holder is a legal entity, the economic rights are protected for 50 years from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (3)]
    • Where the copyright holder is a natural person, the protection period shall be calculated for their life plus 50 years.[83/2004 Art. 20 (3)]
  • The economic rights relating to a work published for the first time after the death of the author expire after 50 years from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (3)]
  • The economic rights relating to a work published anonymously or under pseudonym shall be protected for a period of 50 years, from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (4)]
  • The economic rights of the author of a work of applied art expire after a period of 50 years from the date on which the work was published or made available to the public for the first time, whichever comes first.[83/2004 Art. 20 (5)]
  • The provisions of the 2004 Law apply to works existing at the time it took effect, provided the term of protection for those works had not yet fallen into the public domain.[83/2004 Art. 49a]

Marcas de derechos de autor

  • {{PD-Iraq}} – Obras publicadas por primera vez en Iraq antes de la firma de un tratado sobre derechos de autor con los Estados Unidos.

Currency

X mark.svg   Banknotes and coins are not covered by any known exception from copyright protection under Iraqi law. The website of the Central Bank of Iraq, which included depictions of Iraqi coins and banknotes, had the following footer: "Copyright © 2011. Central Bank of Iraq. All rights reserved. Please read important disclaimer." The disclaimer stated: "All texts, data and information on this site are owned by the CBI. Digitized photographs, graphics, and logos contained are the property of the CBI, and may not be used without permission."

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  : Under the 2004 revision to Iraq's Copyright Law No. 3,

  • The protection shall include the works whose method of expression is in writing, sound, drawing, painting or movement, and in particular the following: ... Works entered under the arts of drawing and painting with lines and colors, engraving, sculpture and architecture.[83/2004 Art. 2(4)]
  • Without the written permission of the author or his/her successors, no person shall do any of the following acts: ... Reproduce a work in any manner or form, whether transitory or permanent, including onto photographic (including cinematographic) film or onto a digital or electronic storage medium.[83/2004 Art. 8(1)]

Stamps

Red copyright.svg: All stamps published in Iraq before 1 January 1969 are in the public domain. Use {{PD-Iraq}} to tag them.

See also

Citations

  1. Iraq Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 3 of 1971 on Copyright (in Arabic). Iraq (1971). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 3 of 1971 Copyright Protection Act. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  4. Order No. 83, Amendment to the Copyright Law. Iraq (2004). Retrieved on 2018-11-10.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Israel

Israel

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Israel relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Israel must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Israel and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Israel, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Palestine was part of the Ottoman empire until World War I, when it was taken over by the British. In 1922 the British obtained a mandate over Palestine. The state of Israel was declared in 1948, taking over most of the former British mandate.

Israel has been a member of the Berne Convention since 24 March 1950 and the World Trade Organization since 21 April 1995.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Copyright Act, 2007 (as amended on July 28, 2011) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Israel.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database. It entered into force on 25 May 2008.[2]

Ownership of copyright

According to Israel's copyright statute of 2007,

  • In general, the author of a work is the first owner of copyright.[2007-2011 Sec.33(1)]
  • With a sound recording, the producer is the first owner of copyright.[2007-2011 Sec.33(2)]
  • The employer is the first owner of copyright in a work made by an employee in the course of his service and during the period of his service, unless otherwise agreed.[2007-2011 Sec.34]
  • In a work made pursuant to a commission, the first owner of the copyright therein, wholly or partially, is the author, unless otherwise agreed as between the commissioning party and the author, expressly or impliedly.[2007-2011 Sec.35(a)]
  • In a work which is a portrait or a photograph of a family event or other private event, made pursuant to a commission, the first owner of the copyright is the commissioning party.[2007-2011 Sec.35(b)]
  • The state is the first owner of a work made by, or commissioned for, the State or by an employee of the State in consequence of his service and during the period of his service; In this section, "State employee" – includes soldiers, policemen and any other person who holds a position according to a statute in a State entity or institution.[2007-2011 Sec.36]

Durations

According to Israel's copyright statute of 2007,

  • Copyright in a work subsists during the life of its author and for 70 years after his death, subject to the provisions below.[2007-2011 Sec.38]
  • Copyright in a joint work subsists during the life of its longest surviving joint author and for 70 years after his death.[2007-2011 Sec.39]
  • Copyright in an anonymous or pseudonymous work lasts for 70 years from the date it was first published, or if not published within 70 years for 70 years from the date it was created, as long as the identity of the author does not become known in this period.[2007-2011 Sec.40]
  • Copyright in a sound recording subsists for 50 years from the date of its making.[2007-2011 Sec.41]
  • Copyright in a work in which the State is the first owner of the copyright lasts for 50 years from the date of its making.[2007-2011 Sec.42] Images distributed by the Israeli Government Press Office are copyrighted.[3]
  • The period of copyright in a work shall end on the 31st of December of the year in which such copyright is set to expire.[2007-2011 Sec.43]

In general, works made before the act came into effect that were not protected by copyright under the prior law would remain unprotected, except for works first published in Israel or made by a citizen or resident of Israel.[2007-2011 Sec.78(b)] For photographs made before the act came into effect the former law applies.[2007-2011 Sec.78(i)] That is, protection lasts until 1 January of the 51st year after the creation of the photograph.

Not protected

  • Copyright in a work as stated in section 4 [original works which are literary works, artistic works, dramatic works or musical works, sound recordings] shall not extend to any of the following, however it shall extend to their expression: (1) Ideas; (2) Procedures and methods of operation; (3) Mathematical concepts; (4) Facts or data; (5) News of the day.[2007-2011 Sec.5]
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4, copyright shall not subsist in statutes, regulations, Knesset Protocols and judicial decisions of the courts or of any other government entities having judicial authority according to law.[2007-2011 Sec.6]
  • Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4, copyright shall not subsist in "designs" as defined in the Patents and Designs Ordinance unless the design is not used, nor intended for use in industrial manufacture.[2007-2011 Sec.7]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Israel}} – according to Israel's copyright law, works are released to the public domain 70 years after their author's death, starting from January 1st which occurs after the date of death. Photographs taken before May 2008 are released to the public domain 50 years after their creation, starting from January 1st which occurs after the day in which the photograph was taken. Photographs taken by a public authority (i.e. the government and its affiliated bodies) are released to public domain 50 years after their publication, starting from January 1st which occurs after the date of the first publication. According to the new Israeli copyright law, effective since May 2008, photographs are no longer an exception, and are released to the public domain 70 years after their photographer's death, unless taken by a public authority in which case the previous arrangement remains.
    • {{PD-IsraelGov}} – specific for the expiration of the State of Israel's copyrights (also included in the last section of {{tl:PD-Israel}})
  • {{Money-IL}} – for Israeli banknotes and coins.
  • {{Insignia-Israel}} – for flag, emblems, coats of arms or some other official symbol which were declared a protected symbol in Israel.
  • {{FoP-Israel}} - "Broadcasting, or copying by way of photography, drawing, sketch or similar visual description, of an architectural work, a work of sculpture or work of applied art, are permitted where the aforesaid work is permanently situated in a public place."

Currency

Symbol OK.svg  Israeli currency is copyrighted. According to a statement from the Bank of Israel, reproductions may appear in a catalog, book, research paper, etc. provided that they do not modify the colors or designs, although a black and white reproduction is allowed. They must be at least 30% larger or smaller than the original, and for commercial use must not include both sides of the note or coin. Finally, the reproductions must credit the Bank of Israel.[4] The complete Law of the Bank of Israel does not specify these conditions.[5] Instead the above "Instructions" paper has detailed them. The effective date of the conditions are not stated.

Please use {{Money-IL}} for images of Israeli currency.

De minimis

According to 2007 Copyright Act, section 22:

  • An incidental use of a work by way of including it in a photographic work, in a cinematographic work or in a sound recording, as well as the use of a such work in which the work was thus incidentally contained, is permitted; In this matter the deliberate inclusion of a musical work, including its accompanying lyrics, or of a sound recording embodying such musical work, in another work, shall not be deemed to be an incidental use.[2007-2011 Sec.22]

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Israel}}

Section 23 of the 2007 Copyright Act states that "Broadcasting, or copying by way of photography, drawing, sketch or similar visual description, of an architectural work, a work of sculpture or work of applied art, are permitted where the aforesaid work is permanently situated in a public place."

According to Dr Sarah Presenti, an Israeli copyright lawyer, the scope of the term "work of applied art" in Israel is broader than the equivalent term in Commonwealth jurisdictions. Presenti suggests that "it includes art work (like adverts, advertising, maps etc.) which transfers useful information" and that "it does not matter if it is 2D or 3D as long as it is a work of art that is meant to deliver useful information. Therefore, an artistic work created for artistic purpose is by no means applied art (e.g. painting)."

Stamps

Copyrighted Paragraph 51 of Israeli Postal Services Statute 1986, in its 2004 revised version stipulates that the State owns full copyrights for Israeli stamps. The Israeli copyright statute from 2007 determines that the State's copyrights expire on 1 January of the 51st year after the creation of the work. Hence, only stamps created 50 or more years ago are in the public domain. Template:PD-IsraelGov would be appropriate to indicate their copyright status.

Threshold of originality

Although Israel historically used a "skill and labour" test similar to that used by the UK, since the 1989 Israeli Supreme Court's ruling in Interlego A/S v. Exin-Lines Bros. SA they have tended fairly close to a US-style requirement equating originality with human creativity.[6] In Israel, the Supreme Court in the Interlego A/S v. Exin-Lines Bros. SA decision adopted the Feist ruling with regards to both the interpretation of the originality requirement and the general rejection of the ‘sweat of the brow’ doctrine and the labour theory as a legitimate interest for establishing a copyright claim.

Véase también

Citations

  1. a b Israel Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Copyright Act, 2007 (as amended on July 28, 2011). Israel (2011). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Terms of Use. Government Press Office. Retrieved on 2019-01-23.
  4. Instructions concerning the use of photocopies and replicas of coins and banknotes. Bank of Israel. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  5. The Bank of Israel Law. Back of Israel. Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
  6. Guy Pessach (6 febrero 2007). Israeli Copyright Law - a Positive Economic Perspective (International Law Forum of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Law Faculty Research Paper). Retrieved on 2019-03-22.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Jordan

Jordania

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Jordan relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Jordan must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Jordan and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Jordan, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Transjordan was under Ottoman rule until World War I, then became a state under the British mandate for Palestine in 1922. On 25 May 1946 Transjordan became an independent state, renamed Jordan on 26 April 1949.

Jordan has been a member of the Berne Convention since 28 July 1999, the World Trade Organization since 11 April 2000 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 27 April 2004.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 22 of 1992 on Copyright and its Amendments up to 2005 as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Jordan.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] These laws were further amended by Law No. 23 of 2014.[3]

Applicability

Jordan's copyright law covers original works of literature, art, and science, including works of art expressed in writing, sound, drawing, photography, motion pictures, books, speeches, plays, musical compositions, films, applied art, three-dimensional works, and computer software.[22/2005 Article 3]

General rules

Under the Copyright Protection Law 22 of 1992, as amended up to 2005,

  • An author's work is protected for 50 years after their year of death, with protection expiring on 1 January the next year.[22/2005 Article 30]
  • Protection for 50 years after the year of publication, expiring on 1 January the next year, applies to cinematic and TV works, any works whose author is a corporate person, work first published after the death of the author and anonymous or pseudonymous works for which the author does not reveal their identity during the protection period.[22/2005 Article 31]
  • Applied arts applications are protected for 25 years after completion, with protection expiring on 1 January the next year.[22/2005 Article 32] The meaning of the term "applied arts" is not spelled out, but is distinct from painting, photography, sculpting, architecture and lithographical works.[22/2005 Article 3]
  • When a work is created by several people and their individual contributions cannot be separated they are all considered owners unless agreed otherwise.[22/2005 Article 35.a]
  • A collective work is defined as one where a group participated in its creation under the direction of a natural or corporate person who set the general goal of the work and published it under his name, and the work of each of the participants cannot be separated and distinguished apart. The person who directed creation is considered to be author and has exclusive copyright.[22/2005 Article 35.c]

Photographs

  • A photograph may not be published without consent of the person it represents unless it was taken at a public event or concerns a person of public fame.[22/2005 Article 26]
  • In the past, photographs and applied arts were only protected for 25 years.[4]
  • Article 32 of Copyright Law No. 22 of 1992 was amended by Law No. 29 of 1999 to provide for a 25-year term of protection for photographs starting January 1st of year of completion (and not starting from the next calendar year as is the case in many countries). The term of protection for a photograph completed in December 1974 was thus calculated starting from 1 January 1974, and expired on 1 January 1999.
  • Although this provision was later repealed by Law No. 78 of 2003, the repeal did not renew the copyright of photographs which had already fallen into the public domain, because Article 7 of the 1992 law explicitly disallows such retroactive protection of out-of-copyright works. Therefore a Jordanian photograph or work of applied Art that was created on or before 31 December 1974 is in the public domain in Jordan.
  • In order to be hosted on Commons, all works must be in the public domain in the United States as well as in their source country. The copyright of all pre-1975 Jordanian photographs had expired in Jordan on the U.S. date of restoration (July 28, 1999). Such photographs are thus currently in the public domain in the United States.

Not protected

Under the Copyright Protection Law 22 of 1992, as amended up to 2005, there is no copyright protection for laws, regulations, judicial decisions, administrative committee decisions, international agreements and other official documents and translations of these works; news published, broadcast or delivered publicly; and works that have become public property. National folklore is considered public property.[22/2005 Article 7]

Copyright tags

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  . Copying is only allowed for private personal, and educational use.

Articles "(17): Use of Published Works" and "(20): Copy of Work without Author’s Consent" of The Copyright Law, No. (22) of 1992 of Jordan do not explicitly mention works of architecture, but they are defined in Article (3) as "Works Enjoying Copyright Protection." Protection also includes the title of the work, unless it's generic and is used to describe the subject of the work.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Jordan Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 22 of 1992 on Copyright and its Amendments up to 2005. Jordan (2005). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 23 of 2014 Amending Copyright Protection Law (in Arabic). Jordan (2014). Retrieved on 2018-11-10.
  4. Mohammad Issa Mehawesh (February 2014). Translation, Copyright, and Copyright Laws in Jordan 129-136. David Publishing. Retrieved on 2018-10-23.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Kuwait

Kuwait

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Kuwait relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Kuwait must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Kuwait and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Kuwait, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The Sheikhdom of Kuwait became a British protectorate in 1899 and regained independence in June 1961.

Kuwait has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995 and the Berne Convention since 2 December 2014.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 64 of 1999 concerning Intellectual Property Rights including Explanatory Memorandum as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Kuwait.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

Protected works

Protection shall cover following literary works in particular: (a) Written literary works, (b) Literary works delivered orally such as lectures, speeches, religious sermons and the like, (c) Theatrical literary works and musical plays, (d) Musical literary works with or without songs, (e) Literary works performed by means of movement or steps and mainly prepared for direction, (f) Movie literary works, and audio, video and radio literary works, (g) Painting and literary works depicted by means of lines, colors; and diagrams as well as literary works of architecture, sculpture, arts carving and decorations, (h) Photographic literary works, (i) Literary works of applied art, including craft or industrial designs, (j) Illustrations, geographic maps, design, plans and models relating to geography, topography, architecture and science, (k) Computer literary works including software, databases and the like, (l) Derived and translated literary works.[64/1999 Article 2]

General rules

Under Law No. 64 of 1999 an author's economic rights expire,

  • Upon the lapse of 50 years after the death of the author. This period shall be calculated in the case of joint literary works as of the date of death of the last surviving author, and runs to the end of the calendar year in which the death occurs.[64/1999 Article 17.1]
  • Upon the lapse of 50 years as of the end of the calendar year in which the literary work is published with respect to the following:
    • Literary works, which are published under an assumed name without the author's name
    • Literary works in which the entitled person thereto is legal entity
    • Cinema works, photographic works, applied arts, computer software and databases
    • Literary works that are published for the first time after the depth of their authors.[64/1999 Article 17.2]
  • Upon the lapse of 50 years so of the end of the calendar year during which the performance was made in the case of actors and of the end of the calendar years during which the literary work was recorded in case of the producers of cinematic films, records or recordings prepared for TV Dr radio.[64/1999 Article 17.3]
  • Upon the lapse of 20 years as of the end of the calendar year when the programs were first transmitted in case of a broadcaster.[64/1999 Article 17.4]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Kuwait}} – photographs, films and two dimensional artistic works 50 years after publication, starting from the end of the publication year.

Citations

  1. a b Kuwait Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 64 of 1999 concerning Intellectual Property Rights including Explanatory Memorandum. Kuwait (1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Lebanon

Líbano

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Lebanon relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Lebanon must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Lebanon and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Lebanon, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

For many years Lebanon was part of the Ottoman Empire. After World War I the country came under French control, formalized on 29 September 1923 under the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon. Lebanon declared independence on 8 November 1943, and the last French troops withdrew in December 1946.

Lebanon has been a member of the Berne Convention since 30 September 1947 and the Universal Copyright Convention since 17 October 1959.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 75 of 1999 on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of Lebanon.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under Law No. 75 of 1999 on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property,

  • The term of protection granted under this Law to the economic rights of the author, shall be the life of the author and 50 years after his death, to be computed from the end of the year in which the death has occurred.[75/1999 Article 49]
  • In the case of a work of joint authorship, the term of protection shall be the life of the joint authors and 50 years after the death of the last joint author, to be computed from the end of the year in which the death has occurred. Should one of the authors die without leaving heirs, his share shall pass to the co-authors or to their heirs, unless stated otherwise.[75/1999 Article 50]
  • In the case of collective and audiovisual works, the term of protection shall be 50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the work has been made available to the public or, failing such event, 50 years from the making of such work, to be computed from the end of the year in which the work has been completed.[75/1999 Article 51]
  • In the case of anonymous or pseudonymous works, the term of protection shall expire 50 years after the work has been lawfully made available to the public.[75/1999 Article 52]
  • In the case of posthumous works or works published in the name of a legal person, the term of protection shall be 50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the work was published.[75/1999 Article 52]
  • All economic related rights of performers shall enjoy protection for a period of 50 years to be computed from the end of the year in which the performance has been carried out.[75/1999 Article 54]
  • The term of protection granted to producers of sound recordings shall be 50 years, to be computed from the end of the year in which the first fixation of sound on tangible material has taken place.[75/1999 Article 55]
  • The term of protection granted to broadcasting organizations shall be 50 years, to be computed from the end of the year in which the broadcasting of their programs has taken place.[75/1999 Article 56]

The previous copyright law of Lebanon, Law No. 2385 of January 17, 1924, had the same rules, with one notable exception: photographs were copyrighted until 50 years after their initial publication (article 153).

Not protected

The following shall be excluded from the protection provided by this Law: laws, legislative decrees, decrees and decisions issued by all public authorities and official translations thereof; judicial decisions of all kinds and official translations thereof; speeches delivered in public assemblies and meetings. The authors of speeches and presentations shall enjoy the sole right of collecting and publishing such lectures and presentations; ideas, data and abstract scientific facts; artistic folkloric works of all kinds. However, works inspired by folklore shall enjoy protection.[75/1999 Article 4]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Lebanon}} – photos and two dimensional artistic works 50 years after publication, starting from the end of the publication year after which attribution is still required forever.
  • {{PD-Lebanon-Photo}}. Use this tag only for photos first published before 1949.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  . Law No. 75 of 1999 on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property says:

  • The media shall be permitted, without the authorization of the author, without obligation to pay compensation to the author, and within the limits of fair practice, to use short excerpts of works that are displayed or heard during current events in the course of reporting such events in the media, provided that the name of the author and the source are mentioned.[75/1999 Article 30]
  • The media shall be permitted, without the authorization of the author and without obligation to pay him compensation, to publish pictures of architectural works, visual artistic works, photographic works or works of applied art, provided that such works are available in places open to the public.[75/1999 Article 31]

This limits freedom of panorama to the media, and so excludes other commercial use.

See also

Citations

  1. a b Lebanon Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law No. 75 of 1999 on the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property. Lebanon (1999). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Oman

Omán

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Oman relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Oman must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Oman and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Oman, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Governing laws

Oman has been an independent state for centuries.

Oman has been a member of the Berne Convention since 14 July 1999, the World Trade Organization since 9 November 2000 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 20 September 2005.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Royal Decree No. 65/2008 promulgating the Law on Copyright and Related Rights as the main copyright law issued by the Executive of Oman.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under Royal Decree No. 65/2008,

  • Economic rights are protected for the author's life plus 70 years starting from the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year following the year of his death.[2008 Article 26]
  • Economic rights of authors of joint works are protected for their life plus 70 years starting from the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year following the year of the death of the last surviving author.[2008 Article 26]
  • A collective work is any work created by a group of authors under the supervision of a natural or legal person who undertakes to publish under his own liability and supervision.[2008 Article 1.6] The economic rights of audio-visual works and collective works are protected for 95 years starting from the first day of the Gregorian calendar year following the year during which these works were legally published the first time. If such works were not published during 25 years starting from the date they were completed, the economic rights of these works shall be protected for 120 years starting from the first day of the Gregorian calendar year following their creation.[2008 Article 28]
  • The economic rights of works published anonymously or under a pseudonym are protected for 95 years starting from the first day of the Gregorian calendar year following the year during which these works were legally published for the first time. If such works were not published during 25 years starting from the date of completion, the economic rights of these works are protected for one hundred twenty years starting from the first day of the Gregorian calendar year following their creation.[2008 Article 29]
  • The economic rights of works of applied arts are protected for 95 years starting from the first day of the Gregorian calendar year following the year during which these works were legally published for the first time. If such works were not published during twenty-five years starting from the date of completion, the economic rights of these works shall be protected for one hundred twenty years starting from the first day of the Gregorian calendar year following their creation.[2008 Article 29]

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg   Under Royal Decree No. 65/2008, protected works include "Works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, lithography, printing on fabric, wood or metals, and any similar works in fine arts.[2008 Article 2(g)] Article 20, which covers Free Uses of Works, makes no exemption for freedom of panorama.[2008 Article 20]

Citations

  1. a b Oman Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
  2. Royal Decree No. 65/2008 promulgating the Law on Copyright and Related Rights. Oman (2008). Retrieved on 2018-11-03.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:South Ossetia

Osetia del Sur

Reconocimiento internacional limitado

Location of South Ossetia

South Ossetia is a disputed territory in the South Caucasus, in the northern part of Georgia. In 2008 South Ossetia gained de-facto independence under the protection of Russia. The breakaway region has not gained international recognition.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Artsakh

República de Artsaj

Reconocimiento internacional limitado

Location of Artsakh

The Republic of Artsakh, or Nagorno-Karabakh is a de facto independent country in the South Caucasus that is internationally considered to be part of Azerbaijan.

The region that today is Azerbaijan was ceded by Iran to Russia in the 19th century, then became the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918, and the Azerbaijan SSR, part of the Soviet Union, in 1920. Nagorno-Karabakh, an oblast of the Azerbaijan SSR with an Armenian majority population, has been self-governing since 1988. During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan became independent on 18 October 1991. Nagorno-Karabakh claims independence, supported by Armenia, but has not been internationally recognized.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg   Although the laws of the unrecognized state of Nagorno-Karabakh are modelled upon those of Armenia, including its copyright law, it is unknown whether the country implemented the same amendments Armenia implemented to allow free photography of artistic works located in places open for attendance. Thus, it is assumed that Armenia's previous non-commercial restrictions are still in place. Please note that Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan, which also has invalid FOP. Due to its unrecognized status, it is not likely that any countries have copyright relations with Nagorno-Karabakh at all.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Northern Cyprus

República Turca del Norte de Chipre

Reconocimiento internacional limitado

Location of Northern Cyprus

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is a de facto state that comprises the northeastern portion of the island of Cyprus.

Northern Cyprus became autonomous in 1974 with the support of Turkey, and in 1983 declared independence, but has not gained international recognition. Northern Cyprus is considered by the international community to be part of the Republic of Cyprus. Presumably for Wikimedia Commons purposes the copyright laws of Cyprus may be considered to apply.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Syria

Siria

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Syria relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Syria must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Syria and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Syria, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Syria was subject to the Ottoman Empire until World War I. It then came under the control of France, which obtained a League of Nation mandate in 1920. The country gained full independence in April 1946.

Syria has been a member of the Berne Convention since 11 June 2004.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Law on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights (issued by Legislative Decree No. 62/2013) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Syria.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database. It repealed the Law No. 12/2001 on Copyright.[2]Law No. 12/2001 was Syria's first copyright law.[3] An Arabic version of the 2013 law is provided by the General Authority for Radio and TV.[4]

General rules

Under the former Law No. 12/2001,

  • The author was entitled to his copyrights for his lifetime and fifty years thereafter. If the work is a combined effort of more than one author, then the copyrights were entitled for the lifetime and fifty years after the death of the last author party of the work.[12/2001 Art. 22]
  • Work published without mention of the author or with the mention of a pseudonym were entitled to copyrights for 50 years from the date of the first legitimate publication, as long as the author's identity was not revealed in this period.[12/2001 Art. 23]
  • Protection of audiovisual, broadcast, televised or cinematography work was enforceable for 50 years as of the date of producing the work. If the work was offered to the public with the author's consent during such period, protection was enforced for 50 years from such later date.[12/2001 Art. 24]
  • Copyrights of photographic, fine arts or plastic arts were enforceable for 10 years from the date of producing such work.[12/2001 Art. 25]

Under Legislative Decree No. 62/2013,

  • The financial rights of the author are protected throughout his life and for 50 years after the end of the year of his death, unless provided otherwise.[62/2013 Art. 19]
  • The financial rights of authors of joint works are protected for the rest of their lives and for 50 years after the end of the year of death of the last surviving person unless the law provides otherwise.[62/2013 Art. 20]
  • Audiovisual works and collective works are protected for 50 years from the first calendar year following their publication for the first time.[62/2013 Art. 21(a)] In case of non-publication within 50 years from the date of completion of the work, the period is calculated from the first calendar year following the date of the completion of the work.[62/2013 Art. 21(b)]
  • Works published without mentioning the name of the author or a pseudonym are protected for 50 years from the date of their publication for the first time, unless the identity of the author becomes known in this period.[62/2013 Art. 22]
  • Works of applied arts are protected for 25 years from the first calendar year following the year in which the work was completed.[62/2013 Art. 23]
  • Database works are protected for a period of 15 years from the first calendar year following the year in which the work was completed.[62/2013 Art. 23B]

In order to be hosted on Commons, all works must be in the public domain in the United States as well as in their source country. Syrian works are currently in the public domain in the United States if their copyright had expired in Syria on the URAA date of restoration (June 11, 2004) and the work was published before this date.[5]

Works not protected

Under Legislative Decree No. 62/2013, there is no protection for[62/2013 Art. 4]:

  • Ideas, procedures, methods of work, mathematical concepts, principles, abstract facts, discoveries and data, but protection applies to the innovative expression of any of them.
  • Heavenly books except their designs and style of writing and recordings of recitations.
  • Laws, regulations, judicial decisions, arbitral tribunal rules, international agreements, administrative decisions and other official documents and official translations thereof.
  • News and other events that are characterized as mere press information.

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Syria}} – Under the 2001 law, photographic work was protected for 10 years starting from the production date. As Syria Joined Berne Convention on November 2004, photographic works produced starting from 1994 should be protected for 25 years starting from the production date (minimum protection period set by Berne Convention). Under the 2013 law, protection is for the author's life + 50 years. Photographic work produced before 1994 is public domain.

Currency

X mark.svg  . Syrian banknotes and coins are likely to be protected by copyright. The 2001 copyright law of Syria does not explicitly exempt the designs of banknotes and coins, only official documents and administrative decisions. In 2013, Syrian copyright law was substantially changed with the repeal of the 2001 copyright law. However, there does not appear to be any changes to the protection of banknotes or coins.[62/2013 Art. 4]

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  . Legislative Decree No. 62/2013 only allows broadcasting of images of works in public places.

  • Without the permission of the author and without making any compensation, the author may transfer works of fine arts or applied works, or plastic or architectural works to the public through the materials of the broadcasting stations if such works are permanently present in public places.[62/2013 Art. 39]

Citations

  1. a b Syrian Arab Republic Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  2. Law on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights (issued by Legislative Decree No. 62/2013) (in Arabic). Syria (2013). Retrieved on 2018-11-08.
  3. Law No. 12/2001. Syria (2001).
  4. Decree to apply the provisions of the law on the protection of copyright and related rights (in Arabic). General Authority for Radio and TV (2013-09-17). Retrieved on 2019-01-24.
  5. Circular 38a: International Copyright Relations of the United States (PDF) p. 9. United States Copyright Office (March 2009). Retrieved on 2009-06-08.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Turkey

Turquía

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Turkey relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Turkey must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Turkey and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Turkey, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

The modern republic of Turkey was formed in 1923 as a successor state to the Ottoman Empire.

Turkey has been a member of the Berne Convention since 1 January 1952, the World Trade Organization since 26 March 1995 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 28 November 2008.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Law No. 5846 of December 5, 1951, on Intellectual and Artistic Works (as amended up to Law No. 6552 of September 10, 2014) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Turkey.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under Law No. 5846 of December 5, 1951 (as amended up to Law No. 6552 of September 10, 2014),

  • The term of protection shall last for the lifetime of the author and for 70 years after his death.[6552/2014 Article 27]
  • If there is more than one author, this period shall end upon the expiry of 70 years after the death of the last surviving author.[6552/2014 Article 27]
  • The term of protection for works that have been first made public after the death of the author shall be 70 years after the date of death.[6552/2014 Article 27]
  • The term of protection for anonymous works where the author remains unknown shall be 70 years from the date on which the work was made public.[6552/2014 Article 27]
  • If the first author is a legal person, the term of protection shall be 70 years from the date on which the work was made public.[6552/2014 Article 27]

Not protected

The reproduction, distribution, adaptation or exploitation in any other form of laws, by­laws, regulations, notifications, circulars and court decisions that have been officially published or announced is permitted.[6552/2014 Article 31]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Turkey}} for works whose author died more than 70 years ago, and anonymous works published more than 70 years ago.
  • {{PD-TR-currency}} for images of Turkish currency.

Currency

Symbol OK.svg : Electronic reproductions of banknotes and coins are permitted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, under the following conditions:[3][4]

  • They must not exceed 72 dpi (dots per inch); and
  • The expression “ÖRNEKTIR GEÇMEZ” or “SPECIMEN” must be printed diagonally across the reproduction in Arial font or a font similar to Arial font. The length of the expression “ÖRNEKTIR GEÇMEZ” or “SPECIMEN” must be at least 75 percent of the length of reproduction, and the height thereof must be at least 15 percent of the width of the reproduction. The characters must be written in a non-transparent (opaque) color contrasting with the dominant color of the respective banknote. In two-sided reproductions, the abovementioned expression must be printed on both sides.

Freedom of panorama

Symbol OK.svg  {{FoP-Turkey}} Under Law No. 5846 of December 5, 1951 (as amended up to Law No. 6552 of September 10, 2014),

  • Works of fine arts permanently placed on public streets, avenues or squares may be reproduced by drawings, graphics, photographs and the like, distributed, shown by projection in public premises or broadcast by radio or similar means. For architectural works, this freedom is only valid for the exterior form.[6552/2014 Article 31]
  • Works of fine arts are the following works, which have aesthetic value: Oil paintings or water colors, all types of drawings, patterns, pastels, engravings, artistic scripts and gildings, works drawn or fixed on metal, stone, wood or other material by engraving, carving, ornamental inlay or similar methods, calligraphy, silk screen printing; Sculptures, reliefs and carvings; Architectural works; Handicraft and minor works of art, miniatures and works of ornamentation, textiles, fashion designs; Photographic works and slides; Graphic works; Cartoons; All kinds of personifications.[6552/2014 Article 4]

Stamps

Red copyright.svg Under Law No. 5846 of December 5, 1951 (as amended up to Law No. 6552 of September 10, 2014),

  • The rights in works created by civil servants, employees and workers during the execution of their duties shall be exercised by the persons who employ or appoint them; provided that the contrary may not be deduced from a special contract between such persons or from the nature of the work.[6552/2014 Article 8]
  • If the first author is a legal person, the term of protection shall be 70 years from the date on which the work was made public.[6552/2014 Article 27]

The copyright for stamps therefore belongs to the Turkish government and lasts 70 years from publication. Thus, any stamp issued 70 or more years ago (published before 1 January 1949) is public domain.

See also

Citations

Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal
Texto transcluido de
COM:Yemen

Yemen

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Yemen relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Yemen must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Yemen and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Yemen, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Yemen was divided between the Ottoman and British empires in the early 20th century. North Yemen became a kingdom after World War I, then a republic in 1962. South Yemen was a British protectorate known as the Aden Protectorate until 1967 when it became independent. The two Yemeni states united to form the modern republic of Yemen in 1990.

Yemen has been a member of the Berne Convention since 14 July 2008 and the World Trade Organization since 26 June 2014.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed Intellectual Property Law (Presidential Law Decree No. 19 of 1994 in respect of Intellectual Property) as the main copyright law of Yemen.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

General rules

Under the Intellectual Property Law (Presidential Law Decree No. 19 of 1994),

  • The economic rights to a work last for the author's life and then for 30 years from 1 January of the year in which the author died.[19/1994 Article 24]
  • A movie or T.V. film producer shall have the right to the economic utilization of his work or obtaining remuneration for a period of 25 years as from the date of production which shall be calculated as from January 1st of the production year.[19/1994 Article 25]
  • The owner of the author's rights to photographs shall have the right to their economic utilization or obtaining from those who use them remuneration for 10 years as from the date of issue, and such remuneration shall be calculated from January 1st of the year of issue.[19/1994 Article 25]

However, Yemen signed the Berne agreement on 14 July, 2008. It will come into force (minimum life + 50 years) on 10 October 2024.

Not protected

The right of the writer shall not extend to: Compiled works which include works other than those of the compiler, such as poetry, prose and music anthologies, as well as other compiled works, without prejudice to the rights of the original authors; Every book whose author's rights have become public property; Collected official documents, such as the texts of governmental and political announcements; texts of laws, decrees, regulations; courts decisions and all official documents; Works which are not fit to be the subject of the right of an author, such as works which contain anthologies from the tradition or folklore, or whose author is unknown.[19/1994 Article 4]

Copyright tags

  • {{PD-Yemen}} – Generally 30 years after the author's death, with the exception of TV films, photographs, and TV programs, respectively 25 years, 10 years and 3 years after the date of broadcasting or publication. (art. 24, 25, 26 and 27 of Law No. 19 (1998) on intellectual property). Yemen being the successor state of Aden Settlement, Aden Province, Aden Colony, Aden Protectorate, the Federation of South Arabia and the People's Republic of Yemen, this applies to works published in those territories as well.

Freedom of panorama

X mark.svg  : The Intellectual Property Law (Presidential Law Decree No. 19 of 1994) makes no provision for freedom of panorama.

Citations

  1. a b Yemen Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  2. Intellectual Property Law (Presidential Law Decree No. 19 of 1994 in respect of Intellectual Property) (in Arabic). Yemen (1994). Retrieved on 2018-11-19.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Véase también : Commons:Aviso legal