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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Denmark relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Denmark must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Denmark and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Denmark, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Contents

Governing laws

Denmark has been a member of the Berne Convention since 1 July 1903, the World Trade Organization since 1 January 1995 and the WIPO Copyright Treaty since 14 March 2010.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the Consolidated Act on Copyright (Consolidated Act No. 1144 of October 23, 2014) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Denmark.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2]

This Act does not extend to the Faeroe Islands and Greenland but may by Royal Ordinance be brought into full or partial operation in the Faeroe Islands and Greenland, subject to such modifications as required by the special conditions obtaining in the Faeroe Islands and Greenland.[1144/2014 Art.93] The Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends provides a commentary on Danish copyright law.[3]

General rules

Under the Consolidated Act No. 1144 of 23 October 2014,

  • The copyright in a work lasts for 70 years after the year of the author’s death, or with joint works for 70 years after the year of death of the last surviving author.[1144/2014 Art.63(1)]
  • With cinematographic works, copyright lasts for 70 years after the year of death of the last survivor of the principal director; the author of the script; the author of the dialogue; and the composer of music specifically created for use in the cinematographic work.[1144/2014 Art.63(1)]
  • Copyright of a musical work with lyrics where both lyrics and musical work have been created specifically for the work in question lasts until 70 years have passed from the year of death of the longest-living of the author and the composer.[1144/2014 Art.63(2)]
  • Where a work is made public without indication of the author’s name, generally known pseudonym or signature, copyright lasts for 70 years after the year in which the work was made public.[1144/2014 Art.63(3)]
  • Copyright in a work of unknown authorship that has not been made public lasts 70 years after the end of the year in which the work was created.[1144/2014 Art.63(5)]

Photographs

Under the Consolidated Act No. 1144 of 23 October 2014,

  • The person creating a literary or artistic work shall have copyright therein, be it ... a cinematographic or photographic work ...[1144/2014 Art.1(1)]
  • The rights in a photographic picture shall last until 50 years have elapsed from the end of the year in which the picture was taken.[1144/2014 Art.70(2)]
  • If a photographic picture is subject to copyright according to section 1, this right may also be exercised.[1144/2014 Art.70(3)]

The definition of a photographic work, as opposed to image is not precisely defined. However Peter Schønning, a Danish copyright lawyer, states that for a photograph to be a photographic work it must display "the author's own intellectual creation and reflects his personality". Lacking actual court decisions however, interpretation is still subjective.

Maps

Certain maps produced by the Danish government in 1814 or later are subject to perpetual copyright.[4][5] This is covered by section 92 of the Danish copyright law. Currently, all maps made by da:Det Kongelige Søkort-Arkiv in 1814 or later, all maps made by da:Generalstabens topografiske Afdeling in 1831 or later and all maps made by their successors remain copyrighted in Denmark. The rights currently belong to da:Geodatastyrelsen.

Public Documents

Under the Consolidated Act No. 1144 of 23 October 2014: Acts, administrative orders, legal decisions and similar official documents are not subject to copyright. This does not apply to works appearing as independent contributions in these documents, but such works may be reproduced in connection with the documents.[1144/2014 Art.9]

Licencsablonok

Lásd még: Commons:Licencsablonok

  • {{PD-Denmark}} – for "photographic works of art" in the public domain according to Danish law.
  • {{PD-Denmark50}} – a dán törvények szerint közkincsnek számító fényképek számára. Figyelem: a fényképeszeti műalkotások az alkotó halálát követő 70. évtől számítanak közkincsnek.
  • {{PD-DenmarkGov}} – for "acts, administrative orders, legal decisions and similar official documents," but not "works appearing as independent contributions in the [aforementioned] documents."
  • {{DGA map}} – for media in either full extent or partially based in Danish Geodata Agency open public geographic data. This tag does not preclude use of other copyright tags.
  • {{Statistics Denmark}} – for media in either full extent or partially based on information from Statistics Denmark. This tag does not preclude use of other copyright tags.

Currency

Lásd még: Commons:Currency

    The National Bank of Denmark states:

  • Danmarks Nationalbank regularly receives requests from firms and private individuals about reproduction of banknotes and coins. Any reproduction of money should always be considered carefully since it is a criminal offence to imitate and/or copy money in such a way they can be mistaken for genuine money. Moreover, Danmarks Nationalbank's copyright to the banknote and coin designs must be respected.[6][7]

Freedom of panorama

Lásd még: Commons:Panorámaszabadság

 
The Little Mermaid

   for buildings only {{FoP-Denmark}}

Under the Consolidated Act No. 1144 of 23 October 2014,

  • Buildings may be freely reproduced in pictorial form and then made available to the public."[1144/2014 Art.24(3)]
  • Works of art may be reproduced in pictorial form and then made available to the public if they are permanently situated in a public place or road. The provision of the first sentence shall not apply if the work of art is the chief motif and its reproduction is used for commercial purposes."[1144/2014 Art.24(2)]

The famous statue of The Little Mermaid by sculptor Edvard Eriksen (1876–1959) is protected by copyright, and pictures where it is the main motif cannot be used for commercial purposes.[8]

Threshold of originality

Lásd még: Commons:Threshold of originality


Status Example Notes
   Three fonts not eligible for copyright protection (Supreme Court 30 June 2006, U2006.2697H). Two other fonts were found eligible for copyright.
   Sketches of windows and doors not eligible for copyright protection (The Maritime and Commercial Court 8 August 2003.[9][10]
    The GLOBAL knife design is copyright protected in Denmark.[11]
    A specific chair design (Tripp Trapp).[12]

See also

Citations

  1. a b Denmark Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  2. Consolidated Act on Copyright (Consolidated Act No. 1144 of October 23, 2014). Denmark (2014). Retrieved on 2018-11-11.
  3. Denmark/ 5.1 General legislation. Compendium of Cultural Policies and Trends. Retrieved on 2019-02-10.
  4. Plakat ang. efterstikning af topografiske kort. retsinformation.dk. Retrieved on 2019-02-10.
  5. Plakat ang. efterstikning af søkort. retsinformation.dk. Retrieved on 2019-02-10.
  6. Reproduction of banknotes and coins. Danmarks Nationalbank. Retrieved on 2019-03-24.
  7. Wikipedia:Landsbybrønden/Forespørgsel til Danmarks Nationalbank (Landsbybrønden / Inquiry to Danmarks Nationalbank)
  8. Jakob Kehlet (30.07.2007). Havfruens arvinger tjener fedt på ophavsret (in Danish). Journalisten. Retrieved on 2019-03-24.
  9. V-74-01 Jydsk Vindueskompagni mod Bering Byg.
  10. 3 February 2004 (V 98/01))
  11. Violation of the copyright of the Global Knife Series. Supreme Court (19-09-2011). Retrieved on 2019-03-24. "Det var for Højesteret ubestridt, at Global-knivene er ophavsretligt beskyttet i medfør af ophavsretslovens § 1. Højesteret udtalte, at Global-knivene som brugskunst er beskyttet mod meget nærgående efterligninger. Højesteret fandt, at Royal-knivenes design ikke indebar en tilstrækkelig frigørelse fra det særegne ved Global-knivenes udformning, men måtte anses som en meget nærgående efterligning. (It was undisputed to the Supreme Court that the Global blades are protected by copyright under section 1 of the Copyright Act. The Supreme Court stated that the Global blades as a utility art are protected from very close imitations. The Supreme Court found that the design of the Royal blades did not sufficiently differ from the distinctive nature of the design of the Global blades, and had to be regarded as a very close imitation.)"
  12. Infringement of the Copyright Act Case 306/2009. Supreme Court (28-06-2011). Retrieved on 2019-03-24.
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