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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Nauru and the translation is 58% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright rules by territory/Nauru and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Nauru relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Nauru must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Nauru and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Nauru, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Hintergrund

Nauru was claimed as a colony by Germany in the late 19th century. After World War I, Nauru became a League of Nations mandate administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. After World War II the country entered into United Nations trusteeship. Nauru gained its independence in 1968.

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, did not show Nauru as a member of the Berne Convention or the World Trade Organization.[1]

WIPO listed the Custom and Adopted Laws Act 1971 (Act No. 11 of 1971) as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Nauru.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] Common laws and statutes in force in England on 31 January 1968 were adopted as laws of Nauru.[Act1971 Sec.4(1)] Some laws were replaced by Australian laws, but the Australian Copyright Act 1912-1933 was explicitly excluded.[Act1971 Sec.8]

As of 2018 WIPO did not show any subsequent copyright-related laws enacted by Nauru, so presumably British law as of 1968 still applies.[3] The full text of the applicable law, the Copyright Act 1956 (United Kingdom), is available in Wikisource.[4]

Allgemeine Regeln

Under the Copyright Act 1956,

  • Copyright subsists in an original literary, dramatic or musical work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.2(1)]
  • An "artistic work" means any of paintings, sculptures, drawings, engravings and photographs, buildings or models for buildings, and works of artistic craftsmanship.[1956 Sec.3(1)]
  • Copyright subsists in an artistic work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.3(4)]
    • With an engraving, if before the death of the author the engraving had not been published, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4a)]
    • Copyright in a photograph subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the photograph is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4b)]
  • Copyright subsists in a sound recording for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the recording is first published.[1956 Sec.12(3)]
  • Copyright in a film subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is registered.[1956 Sec.13(3a)]
  • Copyright in a television broadcast or sound broadcast subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year which the broadcast is made.[1956 Sec.14(2)]
  • Where the first publication of a literary, dramatic, or musical work, or of an artistic work other than a photograph, is anonymous or pseudonymous, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Schedule.2(b))]

Werke der Regierung

Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • For literary, dramatic or musical works made by or under the direction or control of Her Majesty or a Government department, copyright (a) where the work is unpublished, subsists so long as the work remains unpublished, and (b) where the work is published, subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Sec.39(3)]
  • Copyright in an artistic work to which Her Majesty is entitled subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.[1956 Sec.39(4)]

Panoramafreiheit

Siehe auch: Commons:Panoramafreiheit

 OK: Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • The copyright in a work which is permanently situated in a public place, or in premises open to the public, is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(3)]
  • The copyright in a work of architecture is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(4)]

Vertragsausgabe

 

 
Nach U.S. Circ. 38a. haben die folgenden Staaten weder die Berner Übereinkunft noch ein anderes Urheberrechtsabkommen unterzeichnet:
  • Äthiopien, Eritrea, Irak, Iran, Nauru, Palau, San Marino, Somalia und Südsudan.

Urheberrechtsansprüche dieser Staaten, dies betrifft Werke, die von Staatsbürgern eines dieser Staaten innerhalb ihres Landes veröffentlicht werden, werden in anderen Staaten nicht anerkannt und sind daher in den meisten anderen Staaten, wie Deutschland, Österreich, und der Schweiz, gemeinfrei.

Allerdings ist folgendes zu beachten
  • Werke, die in diesen Staaten von Staatsbürgern eines Unterzeichnerstaates der Berner Übereinkunft veröffentlicht werden, genießen neben dem örtlichen Urheberrecht auch den Urheberrechtsschutz ihres Heimatstaates und sind daher auch international geschützt.
  • Werke, die gleichzeitig (d. h. innerhalb von 30 Tagen) in einem Unterzeichnerstaat der Berner Übereinkunft veröffentlicht werden, genießen zusätzlich zum örtlichen Urheberrecht auch den Urheberrechtsschutz des Fremdstaates, der unter Umständen eine längere Schutzdauer vorsieht.

Nauru has no known intellectual property law.

Siehe auch

Zitate

  1. a b Nauru Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  2. Custom and Adopted Laws Act 1971 (Act No. 11 of 1971). Nauru (1971). Retrieved on 2018-11-04.
  3. Nauru: WIPO Lex, 2018
  4. Copyright Act, 1956 (United Kingdom). Retrieved on 2019-03-16.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. Siehe auch: Commons:Allgemeiner Haftungsausschluss