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Commons:Droit d'auteur par territoire/Slovénie

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Cette page fournit un aperçu des règles de droit d'auteur de la Slovénie applicables au téléchargement d'œuvres sur Wikimedia Commons. Notez que toute œuvre originaire de la Slovénie doit appartenir au domaine public ou être disponible sous licence libre en Slovénie et aux États-Unis avant de pouvoir être téléchargée sur Wikimedia Commons. En cas de doute sur le statut de droit d'auteur d'une œuvre de la Slovénie, reportez-vous aux lois applicables pour plus de précisions.

Contexte

La Slovénie a fait partir de l'Autriche-Hongrie jusqu'en octobre 1918, lorsqu'elle devient membre du Royaume des Serbes, des Croates et des Slovènes. Ceci devient le Royaume de Yougoslavie en 1929, puis la République de Yougoslavie en 1945. La Slovénie devient indépendante de la Yougoslavie en juin 1991.

La Slovénie est membre de la Convention de Berne depuis le 25 juin 1991, de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce depuis le 30 juillet 1995 et du traité de l'OMPI depuis le 6 mars 2002.[1]

While part of Yugoslavia, Slovenian works were covered by the 1978 Yugoslav Copyright Act.[2] The Slovenian Intellectual Property Office holds an English-language version of the act as in force from 13 January 2007.[3] The Official Gazette holds the Slovene original of the consolidated act as of 2007.[4] This was replaced by the Copyright and Related Rights Act of March 30, 1995.[5]

En 2018, l'Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI), une agence des Nations Unies, avait enregistré la Loi sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins (telle qu'amendée le 22 octobre 2016) comme étant la principale loi en matière de propriété intellectuelle promulguée par la législature de Slovénie[1]. L'OMPI conserve le texte de cette loi dans sa base de données WIPO Lex[5]. Il s'agit de la version la plus récente de la Loi sur le droit d'auteur et les droits voisins du 30 mars 1995.[5]

Also relevant is the 2006 Protection of Documents and Archives and Archival Institutions Act.[6]

Règles générales

  • Works of authors who died in 1944 or earlier are public domain in Slovenia. Works of authors who died in 1945 or later are copyrighted.[7]
  • An exception applies to the photographic and similarly-made works, and the works of applied art, which are considered free if published before 1 January 1970. The copyright on these works lasted for 25 years since the publication per the 1978 Yugoslav copyright act.[8][9] This also includes still images of videos if these images were published before 1970.[10]
  • The publication right applies for all works, published for the first time on 29 April 1995 or later, even if the copyright has already expired. It lasts for 25 years starting 1 January of the year following the year of the publication.[7]

Under the Consolidated Copyright Act as of 2016,

  • Copyright lasts for the life of the author and 70 years after his death, unless provided otherwise.[12/2016 Art.59]
  • With a work of joint authorship, the expiration date in 70 years after the death of author who died last.[12/2016 Art.60(1)]
  • Protection of musical works with words expire 70 years after the death of the last surviving author of music or author of the text, regardless of whether they are designated as co-authors.[12/2016 Art.60(2)]
  • Copyright in anonymous and pseudonymous works runs for 70 years after the lawful disclosure of the work.[12/2016 Art.61(1)] If the pseudonym leaves no doubt about who is the author, or the author reveals his identity during the 70 year period, protection is for the author's life plus 70 years.[12/2016 Art.61(2)]
  • Copyright in collective works runs for 70 years after the lawful disclosure of the work.[12/2016 Art.62] Inclusion of an individual work in a collective work does not affect the rights of the individual authors to their works.[12/2016 Art.8]
  • When the duration does not run from the death of the author or authors and the work was not lawfully disclosed within 70 years from its creation, the copyright ends with expiration of this term.[12/2016 Art.63]
  • The above durations are calculated from 1 January of the year following the year of their initial event.[12/2016 Art.673]

Durée des droits voisins

  • The related rights start run from the day of the event:
  • in the case of performances, for 50 years after the performance or in the case of its lawful disclosure, 50 years after its first publication;
  • the performers' rights have expired for performances from before 29 April 1990;
  • in the case of sound recordings, for 50 years after the day of the production of the recording or in the case of its lawful disclosure, 50 years after its first publication;
  • the sound recording producers' rights have expired for recordings from before 1 January 1975;
  • in the case of unpublished free works, for 25 years after the day of the lawful publication (the publication right);
  • this applies only for works, published for the first time on 29 April 1995 or later.[7]
  • in the case of critical or scientific publications of free works, for 30 years after the day of the first lawful publication;
  • in the case of continued works, the term is separately calculated for each of the composing parts);
  • in the case of collections, insignificant changes do not lengthen the duration of the copyright on the collection.

Œuvres non protégées

Under the Consolidated Copyright Act as of 2016,

  • There is no copyright protection for 1. ideas, principles, discoveries; 2. official texts of a legislative, administrative and judicial nature; 3. folk literary and artistic creations.[12/2016 Art.9(1)]
    According to a 2010 book, this also encompasses the national coat of arms, the municipal coats of arms, the anthem, urban planning maps, drawings of traffic signs, sketches and plans from the patent file after the official publication of the patent, and other similar material published due to a state jurisdiction as part of the official text, its annex or independently.[11]
  • Translations of texts mentioned hereby should enjoy copyright protection, unless they are published as official texts.[12/2016 Art.9(2)]
  • Certain photographs that are not an "individual intellectual creation of the photographer" are not protected. Trampuž specifically cites the following types of images:
    • automated routine photographs; specifically listed: photographic automates, traffic safety images, images taken as part of the technical protection of objects, meteorological and satellite photographs
    • routine photographs for documents
    • average amateur photographs
    • routine press photographs
These, however, can often become an author's work, which is judged from case to case.[10]

In numerous actual cases, they have also been recognised as copyrighted.[12]

Autres restrictions

In Slovenia there are restrictions on;

  • publication of reproductions of public archives. An authorisation of the archival institution is needed for any publication.[13]
  • the usage of the national flag, the coat of arms, and the anthem.[14]

Bandeaux de licence

Voir aussi : Commons:Bandeaux de licence

  • {{PD-Slovenia}} – for works whose author died before 1945 or published before 1945 if anonymous (public domain prior to introduction of the new law in 1995).
  • {{PD-Slovenia-exempt}} – for non-protected creations in Slovenia (ideas, principles, discoveries; official legislative, administrative and judicial texts; folk literary and artistic creations.)

Monnaie

Voir aussi : Commons:Monnaie

  Pas d'accord: The copyright on the design of the tolar and other obsolete currencies as well as the national sides of the euro coins is held by the Bank of Slovenia.

Slovenia has used the Euro since 1 January 2007. See COM:CRT/European Union: Currency for more information.

De minimis

Voir aussi : Commons:De minimis

Article 52 of the Copyright and Related Rights Act:

  • "Such disclosed works that may be regarded as accessory works of secondary importance with regard to the actual purpose of some material object, may be used freely while exploiting such object."[2007 Art.52]

Article 52 has been interpreted by the copyright expert Miha Trampuž in his book Copyright and Related Rights Act with Commentary. He has highlighted the following aspects: the work must have been disclosed, it must have been incidental with another object or work, it could be at will replaced with another work, and it is inessential in the copyright sense to the object or work.[10]

See Commons:Deletion requests/File:Postcard of Ljubljana, Prešeren Square (3).jpg.

Liberté de panorama

Voir aussi : Commons:Liberté de panorama

  Pas d'accord Use: {{NoFoP-Slovenia}}. Only non-commercial use allowed. Under the Consolidated Copyright Act as of 2016,

  • Works permanently placed in parks, streets, squares or other public places, may be used freely.[12/2016 Art.55(1)]
  • The preceding paragraph does not apply to three-dimensional copies made for the same purpose as the original work, or copies made for profit.[12/2016 Art.55(2)]
  • The copy should state the source and authorship of the work, if indicated on the work.[12/2016 Art.55(3)]

   for all works whose creators died or published them anonymously or pseudonymously (and have remained anonymous or pseudonymous) in 1948 or earlier.[15]

  • Another exception is photographs of photographic and similarly-made works in a public space, and photographs of the works of applied art, which are acceptable for Commons if the original (non-derivative) work was published in 1969 or earlier.

The copyright on these works lasted for 25 years from publication per the 1978 Yugoslav copyright act.[1978 Art.84]

In addition to copyright, the usage of the reproductions of "cultural monuments" for commercial purposes[16] is restricted by the Slovenian Cultural Heritage Protection Act, which requires consensus of the owner of the monument for any use of the image and name of the monument (Article 44). The definition of a cultural monument is the following (Article 3): heritage that has been statutorily protected as a monument or entered in the inventory of an authorised museum. For immovable cultural heritage, the national catalog is publicly accessible at gisportal.gov.si.[17] Wikimedia Commons is not required to comply with the Slovenian Cultural Heritage Protection Act because it is hosted in the United States of America. Users who are citizens of Slovenia are warned that they are solely responsible for any possible violation of local laws.

Seuil d'originalité

Voir aussi : Commons:Seuil d’originalité

The threshold of originality in Slovenia depends on the field of creativity. If the maneuvering space of the possible creativity is narrower, it requires more creativity for a work to be copyrighted.[18] En la matière, les jugements suivants sont pertinents :

Applied arts:

  • VSL0069492 - the design of a couch set has been found to be below the threshold.
  • VS0011606 - the design of a sales stand has been found to be above the threshold.

Architecture:

  • VSL00432 - only the works that constitute an original artwork are copyrighted; the renovation plan of Ljubljana Castle as well as the newly built and (at least some of) the renovated parts of the castle count as such.

Titles:

  • VS07924 - the title "Brez zavor" (meaning "Without inhibitions") has been found to be below the threshold.

Voir aussi

Références

  1. a b Slovenia Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-13.
  2. Yugoslav Copyright Act (Zakon o autorskom pravu) (in Serbian) (1978). Retrieved on 2019-02-04.
  3. Copyright and Related Rights Act as of 2007 (English translation). Retrieved on 2019-02-04.
  4. Zakon o avtorski in sorodnih pravicah (uradno prečiščeno besedilo) (ZASP-UPB3) (Copyright and Related Rights Act official consolidated text) (in Slovene). Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia issue 16/2007 (23 February 2007).
  5. a b c Copyright and Related Rights Act (as amended up to October 22, 2016). Slovenia. Retrieved on 2019-02-04.
  6. Protection of Documents and Archives and Archival Institutions Act (PDAAIA) (in English). Retrieved on 2019-02-04.
  7. a b c Maja Bogataj Jančič, Luka Virag, Rok Jerovšek. Modeli razčiščevanja avtorskih pravic za izbrane skupine avtorskih del za digitalizacijo in/ali objavo na Dlib.si.[1]. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2012. Pp. 15, 20-21.
  8. Zakon u autorskom pravu. Službeni list SFRJ. 14 April 1978. XXXIV/19. Article 84.
  9. Šetinc, Lenart. Avtorskopravna ureditev fotografskih del in avtorskih del na splošni dostopnih krajih v pravnem redu Republike Slovenije. Inštitut za medijsko pravo. 11 February 2013.
  10. a b c Trampuž, Miha () (in slovene) Zakon o avtorski in sorodnih pravicah: s komentarjem, Gospodarski vestnik
  11. Jančič, Maja Bogataj; Močnik, Marija Breznik; Damjan, Matija; Kovačič, Matej; Milohnić, Aldo. Upravljanje avtorskih in sorodnih pravic na Internetu - Vidik javnih inštitucij (in Slovene) [The Management of Copyright and Related Rights on Internet - The Aspect of Public Institutions]. August 2010. The Peace Institute – Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies; Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana. Pg. 28.
  12. Zdenka Semlič - Rajh. (Slovene, with an abstract in English) Arhivi in avtorsko pravo[2] [Archives and the Copyright Law] Tehnični in vsebinski problemi klasičnega in elektronskega arhiviranja: zbornik referatov dopolnilnega izobraževanja s področij arhivistike, dokumentalistike in informatike. 2002 (1). ISSN 1581-7407. COBISS 536197. Pokrajinski arhiv. Maribor. Pp. 106-114.
  13. Archives and Archival Institutions Act.
  14. Act Regulating the Coat-of-Arms, Flag and Anthem of the Republic of Slovenia and the Flag of the Slovene Nation.
  15. Maja Bogataj Jančič, Luka Virag, Rok Jerovšek. Modeli razčiščevanja avtorskih pravic za izbrane skupine avtorskih del za digitalizacijo in/ali objavo na Dlib.si [Models of Clearing up Copyright for Chosen Groups of Creative Work for Digitalisation and/or Publication at Dlib.si] (in Slovene). 29 September 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2012. Pg. 20.
  16. Matejčič, Katarina (25 March 2003). "Previdno pri uporabi kulturnih spomenikov v oglasih". Finance.si. "Exploitation does not mean that tourists are not allowed to take photos of themselves in front of a building or that a tourist society is not allowed to promote their place with a prospect that includes a cultural monument. It is different, however, if the photography is part of a postcard, when a trademark of a castle is sold for commercial purposes."
  17. Register kulturne dediščine RKD (in Slovene). Retrieved on 2019-09-29.
  18. VSL0069492. Sodstvo Republike Slovenije. Retrieved on 29 October 2013.
Attention : la description ci-dessus peut être inexacte, incomplète ou obsolète, elle doit donc être traitée avec prudence. Avant de déposer un fichier sur Wikimedia Commons, vous devez vous assurer qu’il peut être utilisé librement. Voir aussi : Commons:Avertissements généraux