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Commons:Lizenzvorlagen/Allgemeine gemeinfreie Lizenzen

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General public domain tags describe why a work is in the public domain based on criteria that are not specific to the country or the source of the work. Reasons may be that the author or their heirs released the work into the public domain, that a modified copy is not significantly different from a work in the public domain, that a work is too simple to qualify for copyright protection or that the author died long ago. If the work's source country is not the United States it must also have a tag that shows why it is in the public domain in the United States.

See Commons:Lizenzvorlagen/Mit Urheberrecht, aber trotzdem nutzbar for more specific public domain and free license tags. These are often defined by the source of the file, such as a website or organization. See Category:PD license tags for a full list of PD tags.

Contents

Non-U.S. works

All works hosted at the Commons must be legal to publish in the United States. For non-U.S. "public domain" works, this means they must be in the public domain in both the non-U.S. source country and in the U.S., or there must be an explicit release of the work for the U.S. under a free license.

For non-U.S. works, please add one of the following tags in addition to an appropriate license tag for the country of origin:

  • {{PD-US-expired}} for works published (not simply created!) before January 1, 1924.
  • {{PD-URAA-Simul|country|URAA date|reason}} or {{PD-1996|country|URAA date|reason}} if published in 1924 or later, and not copyrighted in the source country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).
  • {{Not-PD-US-URAA}} or {{Not-PD-US-URAA|country|URAA date}} for works published in 1924 or later, but copyrighted in the source country on the URAA date, even if that non-U.S. copyright has expired since then. Note that this concerns most works published in 1924 or later by authors who died after 1925, for source countries with a copyright term of "life of author plus 70 years". For works of such authors that were published before 1924, use {{PD-US-expired}} in addition to the appropriate copyright tag for the source country.
  • {{Not-free-US-FOP}} for media published under Freedom of Panorama rules not yet proven to be acceptable in the US.

Sometimes you can use the general time-based automated public domain license tags.

Released into the public domain

A work may be released into the public domain by the author or their heirs. Tags for different types of release are given below. See also Category:PD-release like license tags, which lists specialized tags for files released by a particular organization or author.

  • Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Verzicht auf das Copyright (CC-0)
  • {{PD-self}} – für gemeinfreie Werke, die von den Autoren als „public domain“ gekennzeichnet wurden.
  • {{PD-user|Benutzername}} – für gemeinfreie Werke, die von Wikimedia-Usern als „public domain“ lizenziert worden sind.
  • {{PD-user-en|Benutzername}} – für gemeinfreie Werke, die von englischen Wikipedia-Usern als „public domain“ lizenziert worden sind.
  • {{PD-user-w |projectcode|Projektcode|Projektname|Benutzername}} – für gemeinfreie Werke, die von Wikipedia-Benutzern als „public domain“ lizenziert worden sind. Hinweis: Die Variable Projektcode ist die Sprach-Abkürzung der jeweiligen Wikipedia (z. B. „de“ für die deutsche Wikipedia, „ja“ für die japanische); Die Variable Projektname ist der (englische) gesprochene Name des Projektes (z.B. "French Wikipedia", "German Wikipedia", etc). Die Variable Benutzername ist der Benutzername des jeweiligen Benutzers, nicht sein (falls angegeben) Klarname.
  • {{PD-author}}- Lizenz für Werke, die von Nicht-Wikimedia-NutzerInnen als Public Domain zur Verfügung gestellt wurden. Dieser Lizenz sollten weitere Erklärungen, wie etwa ein Link auf die Website der/des Urhebers/Urheberin, enthalten, auf welcher jene/jener ausdrücklich erklärt, dass sie/er die bezeichneten Werke als Public Domain zur Verfügung stellt.
  • {{PD-heirs}} – for works released into the public domain by the heirs of the creator.
  • {{PD-because|Grund}} – Auf diese Weise lizenzierte Werke befinden sich in der Public Domain, weil ein nachvollziehbarer Grund dafür besteht – bitte diesen immer angeben!

Two-dimensional works of art

Siehe auch: Commons:Wann man die PD-Art-Kennzeichnung verwendet, Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag, Commons:Reuse of PD-Art photographs und Category:PD-Art license tags. If a two-dimensional work of art is in the public domain in its country or origin and the United States, then a faithful reproduction may be uploaded to Commons. If the reproduction has also been given a free license, this information should be provided.

  • {{PD-Art}} – für Reproduktionen von (zweidimensionalen!) Kunstwerken, deren Urheberrecht erloschen ist, weil die Autoren der Originale vor mehr als 70 Jahren gestorben sind. Es muss darauf geachtet werden, in welchem Land die Reproduktion angefertigt wurde, siehe Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag. Als erster Parameter sollte eine PD-old-Vorlage angegeben werden, je nach dem, wie lange der Urheber des abgebildeten Werks bereits verstorben ist, also bsw. {{PD-Art|PD-old-100}} für eine Abbildung eines Werkes, dessen Autor seit mindestens 100 Jahren tot ist.
  • {{PD-Art-two|Source tag|US tag}} - same as {{PD-Art}}, but allows country of origin and US licenses to be added separately. Additional parameters are |deathyear= |publication=
  • {{Licensed-PD-Art}} - template explaining why a photograph of a public domain object is public domain in the United States, while outside the US a separate license can be used. Used when the photograph has been released under a free license such as {{PD-self}} or {{Cc-zero}}.
  • {{Licensed-PD-Art-two}} - same as {{Licensed-PD-Art}}, but allows country of origin and US licenses to be added separately
  • {{Art Photo}} - Combination template of {{Artwork}} for the object and {{Information}} for the photograph metadata, which allows user to provide separate artwork and photograph licenses
  • {{PD-scan}} – for scans of public domain originals which may have been enhanced, but only to the extent that no independent copyright protection can be expected to arise out of the enhancements. See also Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.
  • {{PD-retouched-user}} – for public domain works that have been significantly retouched or modified by a Commons user. This explicitly releases all rights to those modifications.

Threshold of Originality

Some works are too simple to be eligible for copyright protection. See Commons:Schöpfungshöhe.

  • {{PD-ineligible}} – für Werke die gemeinfrei sind, weil sie nicht die notwendige Schöpfungshöhe für einen urheberrechtlichen Schutz erreichen.

Additional templates describing ineligible works may be found at Category:PD-ineligible license tags.

Time based public domain

  • {{PD-old}} – für Werke, deren Urheberrecht erloschen ist. Das gilt für die USA, die EU, und Staaten, in denen ein Urheberrechtsschutz 70 Jahre nach dem Tod des Urhebers erlischt. Es sollte in jedem Fall eine der Vorlagen {{PD-old-70}}, {{PD-old-75}}, {{PD-old-80}}, {{PD-old-100}}, bei denen angegeben wird, wielange der Urheber bereits verstorben ist, verwendet werden.
  • {{PD-old-100}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 100 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-80}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 80 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-75}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 75 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-70}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 70 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-50}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in the USA and countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 50 years or less.
  • {{PD-anon-70}} – Image is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term for anonymous or pseudonymous works is 70 years from the year of first publication or less. If possible, please use a different template:
  • {{Anonymous work}} – anonymous work more than 50 years old (Berne convention).

Warning: All the above general time based public domain tags are not sufficient if alone. All media files on Wikimedia Commons tagged with these licenses must also be tagged with a license that is explicitly valid in the United States: see COM:TAG United States.

Time based automated public domain licenses

References