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Commons:Marcadores de dereitos de copia/Dominio público: Xeral

This page is a translated version of a page Commons:Copyright tags/General public domain and the translation is 8% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:Copyright tags/General public domain and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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General public domain tags describe why a work is in the public domain based on criteria that are not specific to the country or the source of the work. Reasons may be that the author or their heirs released the work into the public domain, that a modified copy is not significantly different from a work in the public domain, that a work is too simple to qualify for copyright protection or that the author died long ago. If the work's source country is not the United States it must also have a tag that shows why it is in the public domain in the United States.

See Commons:Marcadores de dereitos de copia/Outros marcadores de licenzas libres for more specific public domain and free license tags. These are often defined by the source of the file, such as a website or organization. See Category:PD license tags for a full list of PD tags.

Contents

Non-U.S. works

All works hosted at the Commons must be legal to publish in the United States. For non-U.S. "public domain" works, this means they must be in the public domain in both the non-U.S. source country and in the U.S., or there must be an explicit release of the work for the U.S. under a free license.

For non-U.S. works, please add one of the following tags in addition to an appropriate license tag for the country of origin:

  • {{PD-US-expired}} for works published (not simply created!) before January 1, 1924.
  • {{PD-URAA-Simul|country|URAA date|reason}} or {{PD-1996|country|URAA date|reason}} if published in 1924 or later, and not copyrighted in the source country on the URAA date (January 1, 1996 for most countries).
  • {{Not-PD-US-URAA}} or {{Not-PD-US-URAA|country|URAA date}} for works published in 1924 or later, but copyrighted in the source country on the URAA date, even if that non-U.S. copyright has expired since then. Note that this concerns most works published in 1924 or later by authors who died after 1925, for source countries with a copyright term of "life of author plus 70 years". For works of such authors that were published before 1924, use {{PD-US-expired}} in addition to the appropriate copyright tag for the source country.
  • {{Not-free-US-FOP}} for media published under Freedom of Panorama rules not yet proven to be acceptable in the US.

Sometimes you can use the general time-based automated public domain license tags.

Released into the public domain

A work may be released into the public domain by the author or their heirs. Tags for different types of release are given below. See also Category:PD-release like license tags, which lists specialized tags for files released by a particular organization or author.

  • {{Cc-zero}} – for works released under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. Like {{PD-author}}/etc., plus an explicit fallback to an extremely permissive copyright license in cases where releasing into the actual public domain is impossible.
  • {{PD-self}} – para obras licenciadas no dominio público polo seu autor, que carga el mesmo en Commons.
  • {{PD-user|nome_de_usuario}} - para obras licenciadas no dominio público polos seus autores cando estes son usuarios de Wikimedia Commons.
  • {{PD-user-en|nome_de_usuario}} - para obras licenciadas no dominio público polos seus autores cando estes son usuarios da Wikipedia inglesa.
  • {{PD-user-w| código_do_proxecto|nome_do_proxecto|nome_de_usuario}} - para obras licenciadas no dominio público polos seus autores cando estes son usuarios doutras Wikipedias. Aviso: A variable código_do_proxecto é o código da lingua da Wikipedia na que é colaborador o autor (por exemplo: "gl" para a Wikipedia Galega, "pt" para a portuguesa); Tamén pode conter o nome de outros proxectos wiki que non sexan a Wikipedia (é dicir, "gl:wiktionary" para o wiktionary galego). A variable nome_do_proxecto is the human readable project name (por exemplo "Galipedia, a wikipedia en galego", "Wiktionary Alemá", etc). A variable nome_de_usuario é o nome de usuario do autor no proxecto en cuestión.
  • {{PD-author}} - para obras licenciadas no dominio público polos seus autores cando estes non sexan usuarios dos proxectos Wikimedia. Nestes casos é precisa algunha información adicional como un enlace ao sitio web do autor onde afirme co seu traballo está no dominio público.
  • {{PD-heirs}} – for works released into the public domain by the heirs of the creator.
  • {{PD-because|razón}} - modelo xenérico - por favor indique un motivo vñalido para que o ficheiro esté no dominio público.

Two-dimensional works of art

Vexa tamén : Commons:When to use the PD-Art tag, Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag, Commons:Reuse of PD-Art photographs e Category:PD-Art license tags. If a two-dimensional work of art is in the public domain in its country or origin and the United States, then a faithful reproduction may be uploaded to Commons. If the reproduction has also been given a free license, this information should be provided.

  • {{PD-Art|PD tag}} – para imaxes no dominio público de obras de arte bidimensionais. Autor morto hai máis de 70 anos.
The variable PD tag is the name of the copyright tag that describes why the original is in the public domain. If empty, PD-old is assumed.
  • {{PD-Art-two|Source tag|US tag}} - same as {{PD-Art}}, but allows country of origin and US licenses to be added separately. Additional parameters are |deathyear= |publication=
  • {{Licensed-PD-Art}} - template explaining why a photograph of a public domain object is public domain in the United States, while outside the US a separate license can be used. Used when the photograph has been released under a free license such as {{PD-self}} or {{Cc-zero}}.
  • {{Licensed-PD-Art-two}} - same as {{Licensed-PD-Art}}, but allows country of origin and US licenses to be added separately
  • {{Art Photo}} - Combination template of {{Artwork}} for the object and {{Information}} for the photograph metadata, which allows user to provide separate artwork and photograph licenses
  • {{PD-scan}} – for scans of public domain originals which may have been enhanced, but only to the extent that no independent copyright protection can be expected to arise out of the enhancements. See also Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.
  • {{PD-retouched-user}} – for public domain works that have been significantly retouched or modified by a Commons user. This explicitly releases all rights to those modifications.

Threshold of Originality

Some works are too simple to be eligible for copyright protection. See Commons:Threshold of originality.

Additional templates describing ineligible works may be found at Category:PD-ineligible license tags.

Time based public domain

  • {{PD-old}} – para traballos no dominio público porque o copyright expirou. Aplícase na Unión Europea, nos Estados Unidos de América e en todos aqueles países cunha duración do copyright de 70 anos contados a partir da morte do autor.
  • {{PD-old-100}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 100 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-80}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 80 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-75}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 75 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-70}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 70 years or less.
  • {{PD-old-50}} – for works in the public domain because their copyright has expired in the USA and countries and areas copyrighting works for life plus 50 years or less.
  • {{PD-anon-70}} – Image is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term for anonymous or pseudonymous works is 70 years from the year of first publication or less. If possible, please use a different template:
  • {{Anonymous work}} – anonymous work more than 50 years old (Berne convention).

Warning: All the above general time based public domain tags are not sufficient if alone. All media files on Wikimedia Commons tagged with these licenses must also be tagged with a license that is explicitly valid in the United States: see COM:TAG United States.

Time based automated public domain licenses

References