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This page is a translated version of a page Commons:First steps/License selection and the translation is 19% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:First steps/License selection and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Shortcut: COM:FS/LS

Erste Schritte
Tipps & Tricks
Drittnutzung

Contents

Lizenzauswahl

Nun musst du für die Datei die richtige Lizenz auswählen.

Dies ist eine wichtige Entscheidung, da alle Inhalte auf den Wikimedia Commons unter einer freien Lizenz stehen müssen.

 
Entscheidungsbaum für den Upload von Bildern nach Commons

Wichtige Hinweise

  • Eine einmal vergebene Lizenz kannst du nicht mehr widerrufen.
  • Some free licenses automatically cover various versions of the licensed content, because under applicable copyright law, these versions would be considered the same work. For instance, you may wish to license thumbnail-quality files under a Creative Commons license while keeping raw, higher-resolution copies proprietary. However, when doing so, you should be warned that you might well be unintentionally licensing those other versions, because in regard to copyright, the two could be considered the same work.
If you grant such a license for users to use a version of a work, the license may automatically give users the same rights to use any version that differs only in the level of some automatic conversion, regardless of the quality or resolution. While details of what would be considered the same work vary between jurisdictions, one key issue is whether or not enough creative expression is added in the conversion. See Commons:Same work for more details.
  • Jede abgebildete Person muss der Veröffentlichung ihres Bildes zustimmen (Dies gilt nicht bei Prominenten.)
  • oder das Bild in dem Land, in dem es aufgenommen wurde, unter die Panoramafreiheit fällt (siehe Commons:Panoramafreiheit). Dazu muss es in den meisten Fällen unveränderlich fest installiert sein und von einem öffentlich zugänglichen Ort (kein Innenraum) aus fotografiert worden sein.
In cases where the object in question was only temporarily installed in a public place, freedom of panorama might not apply. One famous example for this was the wrapped Reichstag by Christo in Berlin, Germany. You'll also have to obtain permission for objects in museums or shots on private property — indoor photographs especially strictly require the owner's consent.
  • Du darfst hier kein Material hochladen, an denen du keine Rechte hast (das betrifft die meisten Bilder, die du im Internet findest!) Markiere solche Dateien mit {{Copyvio}}.
  • Kunstwerke können abgebildet werden, wenn der Künstler bereits vor mehr als 70 Jahren gestorben ist (gesetzliche Regelschutzfrist)

More detailed information on copyright and licensing as well as copyright laws in different countries can be found at Commons:Lizenzen.

Available licenses

Licensing jargon
Term Meaning
License A legal document outlining the permitted use (or lack thereof) of media. Only the copyright owner of media can apply a license to it.
CC Creative Commons, an organization that has written free licenses for public use. These licenses are prefixed with CC.
Attribution Giving credit to the author. In CC licenses, this is abbreviated with BY.
Share-alike Licensing works derived from a copylefted source in a similar fashion, this is abbreviated with SA.
Copyleft Allowing more permissive use than traditional copyright.
Fair use A doctrine in which the public has a limited right to use copyrighted materials.
Dein selbst gemachtes Foto stellst du unter eine der gängigen freien Lizenzen
  • {{Cc-by-2.0-de}}, {{Cc-by-2.0}} (oder eine andere CC-BY-Lizenz)
    • Die Datei darf weiterverwendet werden
    • Die Datei darf verändert werden
    • Bei Weiterverwendung muss der Urheber genannt werden
  • {{Cc-by-sa-2.0-de}}, {{Cc-by-sa-2.0}}, {{Cc-by-sa-3.0}} (oder eine andere CC-BY-SA-Lizenz) - die zweite Lizenz, unter der die Inhalte der Wikipedia stehen.
    • Die Datei darf weiterverwendet werden
    • Die Datei darf verändert werden
    • Bei Weiterverwendung muss der Urheber genannt werden
    • Die Datei darf nur unter dieser Lizenz weitergegeben werden
  • {{PD-self}} bzw. {{PD-user-de|Benutzername}}
    • Der Urheber verzichtet auf sämtliche Rechte (einschließlich der Namensnennung).
    • Jeder darf mit dieser Datei machen, was er will.

Eine vollständige Liste der Lizenzbausteine findest du auf Commons:Lizenzvorlagen.

If there is no appropriate license to select, you can set "None" and manually insert the proper license later on (for a list of all allowed licenses see Commons:Lizenzvorlagen). This is a rather advanced way, however, as it requires you to know the exact license template's name.

"I don't know what the license is"
This isn't a valid option, but rather a test to verify that you know what you're doing. Files uploaded with this option checked will be deleted. In particular, Fair use and other non-free licenses (like grants for non-commercial usage) are not allowed at Wikimedia Commons.

Best practices

"Own work, attribution required, copyleft" ({{CC BY-SA 4.0}})
This selection requires that the author of the media be credited for the work and any derivative works to be licensed similarly. This is the recommended choice, as it makes using your media files very easy while still allowing you to keep some rights to the work.
"Own work, attribution required" ({{CC BY 4.0}})
Another multi-license, this option requires attribution and/or releasing derivative works under similar licenses.
"Own work, public domain" ({{CC0}})
With this choice, you grant everyone the permission to use your media for whatever purpose they see fit. People don't even have to credit you. Once within the public domain, your image cannot be relicensed later on. Other free licenses allow you to retain at least some of your rights.

These licenses were created by Creative Commons, who created a group of modular licenses which can be mixed in many variations. All published versions of the two licenses are accepted. As of 2015, the 4.0 version is the most recently released one; the 2.0 version is often used for uploads from Flickr since it is the only version available there. Files only available under licenses containing "Noncommercial" and/or "NoDerivatives" are unfree and therefore not accepted.

Wrapping up

Once you're done with these choices, it is a good idea to check "Watch this page" to keep track of any changes pertaining to your media. With your personal watchlist, you can see the tracked files' change dates, comments and the persons committing the change. You can find the watchlist in the user tabs atop any page.

Finally, once you click on "Upload file" it may be necessary to approve this action, as your software might consider this a security issue. After the upload is complete — which may take a while — you'll be redirected to that file's page.

If you uploaded the file for use in Wikipedia or another project that uses Wikimedia Commons as a file repository, you still need to edit the relevant page(s) in that other project in order to make your file show up there. Please refer to that project's help pages about media use for further instructions. The instructions for the English language Wikipedia can be found at Wikipedia:Picture tutorial.

Weitergehende Informationen

Wikimedia Commons pages: