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This page provides an overview of copyright rules of Kiribati relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in Kiribati must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both Kiribati and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from Kiribati, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Background

Kiribati is a sovereign state in Micronesia in the central Pacific Ocean. In 1892 the islands that now comprise Kiribati and Tuvalu became the British protectorate of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands, part of the part of the British Western Pacific Territories. In 1916 the Gilbert and Ellice Islands were made a British crown colony. In 1976 the Gilbert and Ellice islands became the separate colonies of Kiribati and Tuvalu. Kiribati became fully independent in 1979.

Kiribati has been a member of the Berne Convention since 2 January 2018.[1] As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed the United Kingdom's 1917 Copyright Ordinance (Cap 16), revised and consolidated in 1998, as the main IP law enacted by the legislature of Kiribati. Kiribati adopted parts of the Copyright Act 1956 of England, but not Section 22 of this Act.[1] WIPO holds the text of the Kiribati law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] The full text of the Copyright Act, 1956 (United Kingdom) is available in Wikisource.[3]

General rules

Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • Copyright subsists in an original literary, dramatic or musical work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.2(1)]
  • An "artistic work" means any of paintings, sculptures, drawings, engravings and photographs, buildings or models for buildings, and works of artistic craftsmanship.[1956 Sec.3(1)]
  • Copyright subsists in an artistic work for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the author died.[1956 Sec.3(4)]
    • With an engraving, if before the death of the author the engraving had not been published, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4a)]
    • Copyright in a photograph subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the photograph is first published.[1956 Sec.3(4b)]
  • Copyright subsists in a sound recording for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the recording is first published.[1956 Sec.12(3)]
  • Copyright in a film subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which it is registered.[1956 Sec.13(3a)]
  • Copyright in a television broadcast or sound broadcast subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year which the broadcast is made.[1956 Sec.14(2)]
  • Where the first publication of a literary, dramatic, or musical work, or of an artistic work other than a photograph, is anonymous or pseudonymous, copyright subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Schedule.2(b))]

Government works

Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • For literary, dramatic or musical works made by or under the direction or control of Her Majesty or a Government department, copyright (a) where the work is unpublished, subsists so long as the work remains unpublished, and (b) where the work is published, subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first published.[1956 Sec.39(3)]
  • Copyright in an artistic work to which Her Majesty is entitled subsists for 50 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was made.[1956 Sec.39(4)]

Freedom of panorama

See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama

 OK: Under the Copyright Act 1956 of England,

  • The copyright in a work which is permanently situated in a public place, or in premises open to the public, is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(3)]
  • The copyright in a work of architecture is not infringed by the making of a painting, drawing, engraving or photograph of the work, or the inclusion of the work in a cinematography film or in a television broadcast.[1956 Sec.9(4)]

See also

Citations

  1. a b Kiribati Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-05.
  2. Copyright Ordinance (Cap 16). Kiribati (1998). Retrieved on 2018-11-05.
  3. Copyright Act, 1956 (United Kingdom). Retrieved on 2019-03-16.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. See also: Commons:General disclaimer