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Copyright rules: the Maldives
Shortcut: COM:Maldives
Flag of the Maldives
Map of the Maldives
Durations
Standard Life + 50 years
Anonymous Create/publish + 50 years
Audiovisual Create/publish + 50 years
Collective Create/publish + 50 years
Applied art Create + 25 years
Other
Terms run to year end Yes
Common licence tags {{PD-Maldives}}
ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 MDV
Treaties
WTO member 31 May 1995
URAA restoration date 1 January 1996

This page provides an overview of copyright rules of the Maldives relevant to uploading works into Wikimedia Commons. Note that any work originating in the Maldives must be in the public domain, or available under a free license, in both the Maldives and the United States before it can be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. If there is any doubt about the copyright status of a work from the Maldives, refer to the relevant laws for clarification.

Contents

Background

The Maldives became a British protectorate in 1887, and gained independence from the United Kingdom on 26 July 1965. The country has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 31 May 1995.[1]

As of 2018 the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), an agency of the United Nations, listed The Copyright & Related Rights Act (Law 23 of 2010) as the main copyright law enacted by the legislature of the Maldives.[1] WIPO holds the text of this law in their WIPO Lex database.[2] The act did not extend the copyright protection of works whose protection had expired.[23/2010 Section 2(b)]

General rules

Under the The Copyright & Related Rights Act (Law 23 of 2010),

  • In general the economic and moral rights shall be protected during the life of the author and for full 50 years after his death.[23/2010 Section 20(a)]
  • In the case of co and joint authorship, the economic and moral rights shall be protected under this Regulation, during the life of the last surviving author and for full 50 years after his death.[23/2010 Section 20(b)]
  • In the case of collective work, other than a work of applied art, and in the case of an audiovisual work, the economic and moral rights shall be protected for 50 years from the date on which the work was either made, first made available to the public, or first published, whichever date is latest.[23/2010 Section 20(c)]
  • In the case of a work published anonymously or under a pseudonym, the economic and moral rights shall be protected for 50 years from the date on which the work was either made, first made available to the public or first published, whichever date is the latest.[23/2010 Section 20(d)]
  • In the case of a work of applied art, the economic and moral rights shall be protected for 25 years from the making of the work.[23/2010 Section 20(e)]
  • All periods mentioned in the preceding subsections shall run to the end of the calendar year in which it would otherwise expire.[23/2010 Section 20(f)]

Not protected

Under the The Copyright & Related Rights Act (Law 23 of 2010), no protection shall extend to: (a) any idea, procedure, system, method of operation, concept, principle, discovery or mere data, even if expressed, described, explained, illustrated or embodied in a work; and (b) any official text of a legislative, administrative or legal nature, as well as any official translation of such documents.[23/2010 Section 6]

Freedom of panorama

See also: Commons:Freedom of panorama

  Not OK. The relevant section of the The Copyright & Related Rights Act (Law 23 of 2010), "Section 17: Reproduction, broadcasting and other communication to the public for informatory purposes" does not contain any language that indicates freedom of panorama.[23/2010 Section 17]

Citations

  1. a b Maldives Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights). WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organization (2018). Retrieved on 2018-11-05.
  2. Copyright & Related Rights Act. Maldives (2010). Retrieved on 2018-11-05.
Caution: The above description may be inaccurate, incomplete and/or out of date, so must be treated with caution. Before you upload a file to Wikimedia Commons you should ensure it may be used freely. See also: Commons:General disclaimer