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Commons:ライセンス調査

This page is a translated version of a page Commons:License review and the translation is 30% complete. Changes to the translation template, respectively the source language can be submitted through Commons:License review and have to be approved by a translation administrator.

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Shortcut: COM:LR

ライセンス詳細調査 (詳細調査者の一覧)

Flickr

Ipernity

Lemill Web Albums

OpenPhoto

Panoramio

Picasa Web Albums


その他の詳細調査


スクリプト

Flickr, Picasa, Panoramio, YouTube などをはじめとする、画像を様々なライセンスの元で掲載している外部サイトから転載されたファイルについては、ライセンス調査(ライセンス査読)の手続きを経る必要があります。

これらのサイトにメディアを投稿する際は投稿者がライセンスを選択することができますが、十分自由な利用が可能でコモンズに適しているライセンスと、コモンズに掲載することのできないライセンスが混在しています。

サイトによっては、利用者がいつでも提供ライセンスを変更することができ、過去にどういうライセンスで提供されていたのかと言うログを確認することができない場合があります。 すると、現時点で自由利用ができないという表示になっている画像が、もとのアップロード時には自由であったとしても、それを確認する簡単な手立てがないということになります。これはこの画像をウィキメディア・プロジェクトで利用するにあたって問題となります。

そこで、ウィキメディア・コモンズにはこれらの外部サイトから導入された画像の著作権状態を検証するためのプロセスが設けられています。このプロセスでは、ボットもしくは信頼の置ける利用者(管理者もしくは別途コミュニティに承認された利用者)が画像のライセンスの自由性を検証し、コモンズでのライセンスと食い違っているケースを特定することができます。 ただし、この方法では過去に画像が自由なライセンスで利用可能であったかどうかは必ずしも判別できないことに注意が必要です。

Uploaders

Editors uploading material whose license depends on a declaration in an external website should tag the file description page with one of the tags in Category:License review tags. Use {{Flickrreview}} for images from Flickr and {{LicenseReview}} if no website-specific tag is available.

調査員

コミュニティにより承認された調査員には画像査読者の権限が与えられます。

管理者はこの利用者権限は不要です。 この利用者権限により調査員一覧が管理されています。以前はこのページで管理していました。

調査員と管理者は、本ページ右側の緑色のテンプレート(リンク)の各カテゴリに含まれるメディア(Picasa Web Albums由来のファイルFlickr由来のファイルなど)のライセンスを確認できます。

To become a reviewer, one needs to be familiar with the general licensing policy of Commons. A reviewer is required to know which licenses are allowed and disallowed on Wikimedia Commons and be familiar with restrictions that may apply, such as freedom of panorama. Post your request on the requests page, so that the community can voice their opinions. After a few days, a reviewer or administrator determines whether there are no severe objections to the candidate. If there are not, the user will close the request and add the candidate to the Image-reviewers user group. If permissions are granted you can add {{User reviewer}} (or one of its variants) to your user page and begin reviewing images.

調査員向けマニュアル

The simplest way to review images is using a License reviewer script (see configuration). To use this script, add the following to your common.js:

 importScript('User:Rillke/LicenseReview.js');

Before executing the script, the file must be reviewed first. Please note that as of 21 February 2012, image-reviewers may not review their own uploads unless the account is an approved bot. This ensures that at least two individuals, or one individual and a bot, have checked that the license choice is correct. Reviews by image-reviewers on their own uploads will be considered invalid. When reviewing files from any album site, keep the following in mind and change the file page when necessary:

  • Free license. The first thing you review is the license on the album site. The license must be one that is accepted by Wikimedia Commons, otherwise the file should fail review and be marked for deletion (License - tab on License reviewer script). Commons:Where is the license on various sites? lists some large image and media sharing sites and where the license can be found on each one (sometimes it isn't obvious).
  • Both license and author should match those in the album site. If the license on the album site is accepted by Commons, but is not the chosen license on the file page, change it so that the licenses match. It is a courtesy to link the author’s name to the profile page of the associated website. Note that services like Flickr give their users the ability to choose nicknames. Both real and nicknames are displayed in the user’s profile page, and either can be used to attribute the author (unless the author specifies otherwise).
  • Source link. It is essential that the source links to the correct file page of the album site. If you come across a file linking to the wrong page, attempt to search for the right one and fix the link on the Commons file page. If there’s no success, use {{Flickr no source}} and {{nsd}} (License - tab, select No source indicated, on License reviewer script).
  • Are they really the copyright holder? Consider whether the picture on the album site was really made by that user. Many users have no clue about copyrights, and “freely” license images for which they do not own the copyright! Commons:Questionable Flickr imagesを参照 If the image is of a sculpture or a building, do check also that there are no freedom of panorama issues.
  • If the uploader was not the author (the only way to be sure is for the web album user to post their Commons ID on the web album user page), check to ensure the web album user actually freely licensed the photo and that the correct license was cited by the uploader.
  • Thank you. Consider leaving a thank-you message on the album site image page (this requires an account in the associated album site). You can use the following message template; replace Foo.jpg with the real name (this is in pure HTML - depending on the site you may have to adjust the link syntax):
Thanks for licensing this image under a free license! Your choice has allowed us to use your image at <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/">Wikimedia Commons</a>. The image can now be used to illustrate <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:GlobalUsage/Foo.jpg">one or more pages</a> on <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/">the English Wikipedia</a> or other free knowledge projects.

Once all this information has been reviewed for the image, you now change the template manually or via script. For script, see script documentation for more details. You can also do it manually, which is described more in detail at {{flickrreview}}. The following is a table of all possible combinations for the flickrreview template (change to picasareview, panoramareview, etc.). If you like the manual procedures, you might copy the source code of this table into your user page and put your username into it. It helps with the copy and paste work, since the date is changed automatically and there are templates for every case of license. If the server forgets to change after midnight UTC, you can use the purge link to refresh.

Flickrに関する具体的手続き

参照 Help:Flickr review templates
Flickrreview
{{subst:Frw}} 展開後は
{{Flickrreview|<YourUserName>|2017-12-15}}
{{subst:uffd|<YourUserName>|<LICENCE> (e.g. ND)}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nd-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nc-nd-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nc-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nc-sa-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|copyright (all rights reserved)}}
{{subst:Flickr no source|<YourUserName>|2017-12-15}}
purge this page's cache

When reviewing Flickr files manually, use the following templates correctly.

  • Use the following if the license is correct:

{{subst:Frw}}

  • Use the following if the license at Flickr is unfree:

{{subst:uffd|<YourUserName>|<LICENCE>}}

Example if license at Flickr is cc-by-nd-2.0: {{subst:uffd|<YourUserName>|2=ND}}
  • Use the following if the license at Flickr is unfree but has OTRS pending, deletion request, or anything that might exempt the file from speedy deletion:

{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nd-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nc-nd-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nc-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|cc-by-nc-sa-2.0}}
{{subst:Frw|copyright (all rights reserved)}}

  • Use the following if the link to the Flickr page is not present:

{{Flickr no source|{{subst:REVISIONUSER}}|{{subst:#time: Y-m-d}}}} and {{subst:nsd}}

その他のテンプレート

Ipernity
{{subst:Irw}}
{{Copyvio|Ipernity review NOT passed: Author is using NC, ND, or all rights reserved.}} ~~~~
{{subst:Irw|cc-by-nd-3.0}}
{{subst:Irw|cc-by-nc-nd-3.0}}
{{subst:Irw|cc-by-nc-3.0}}
{{subst:Irw|cc-by-nc-sa-3.0}}
{{subst:Irw|copyright (all rights reserved)}}
Panoramio
{{subst:Prrw}}
{{Copyvio|Panoramio review NOT passed: Author is using NC, ND, or all rights reserved.}} ~~~~
{{subst:Prrw|cc-by-nd-3.0}}
{{subst:Prrw|cc-by-nc-nd-3.0}}
{{subst:Prrw|cc-by-nc-3.0}}
{{subst:Prrw|cc-by-nc-sa-3.0}}
{{subst:Prrw|copyright (all rights reserved)}}
Picasa
{{subst:Prw}}
{{Copyvio|Picasa review NOT passed: Author is using NC, ND, or all rights reserved.}} ~~~~
{{subst:Prw|cc-by-nd-3.0}}
{{subst:Prw|cc-by-nc-nd-3.0}}
{{subst:Prw|cc-by-nc-3.0}}
{{subst:Prw|cc-by-nc-sa-3.0}}
{{subst:Prw|copyright (all rights reserved)}}
Pixabay
{{subst:PBLR}}
  • for images:
    {{subst:PBLR|<File ID>}}
  • for videos:
    {{subst:PBLR|<File ID>|vid}}
Depending on the situation, see notes about confirmation on template {{PBLR}} page.
要ライセンス調査
{{subst:Lrw|site=http://example.com/img/87912/descpage}}
{{Copyvio|License review NOT passed: Author is using NC, ND, or all rights reserved.}} ~~~~