Commons:Localización

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Wikimedia Commons es un proyecto internacional y, por tanto, multilingüe. Si bien el idioma predeterminado aquí es el inglés, el proyecto está diseñado para que todas las personas, sin importar su idioma natal, puedan usarlo y ser útil.

La internacionalización es el proceso de diseñar software de manera tal que pueda adaptarse a diferentes idiomas y regiones sin la necesidad de realizar cambios de ingeniería ni en el código. La localización es el proceso de adaptar el software para una región específica mediante la adición de componentes específicos de una configuración regional (locale) y la traducción del textos, por lo que también se le puede denominar regionalización. El esfuerzo de internacionalización y localización en Commons tiene los siguientes componentes:

  1. Software
    1. El software MediaWiki (y las extensiones que utiliza Commons)
    2. Partes personalizables de la interfaz de MediaWiki
    3. User scripts (especially gadget scripts, installable via your Preferences)
  2. Contenido
    1. Páginas de proyecto
    2. Páginas de contenido (archivos, categorías, galerías)
    3. Las plantillas usadas en las páginas de contenido y de proyectos

Software

Mensajes predeterminados de MediaWiki

MediaWiki es el software en el que se ejecuta Commons. Las traducciones de la interfaz de MediaWiki (traducciones suministradas con la instalación de MediaWiki) se crean en Translatewiki; por favor siga el enlace para contribuir.

Para verificar las localizaciones de translatewiki de un mensaje de MediaWiki en particular, visite translatewiki:Special:Translations/MediaWiki: e ingrese el nombre del mensaje de MediaWiki. Para encontrar el nombre de un mensaje de MediaWiki en particular, visite la página Commons que muestra el mensaje y agregue ?uselang=qqx a la URL. Al recargar la página se debería reemplazar todo el texto del mensaje con el nombre del mensaje que produce ese texto. (Ejemplo usando Commons: Localization)

MediaWiki messages can be accessed within Commons (e.g., in a template) via {{int:messagename}}, e.g., {{int:edit-conflict}} to access MediaWiki:edit-conflict. Localized versions of MediaWiki messages are stored in subpages named with the relevant language code, e.g., MediaWiki:edit-conflict/de and MediaWiki:edit-conflict/fr. Non-existent messages (including misspelling of actual messages) will display in angle-brackets (<message name>), such as the common mistake of coding "{{int:license}}" as "{{int:licensing}}" (which displays the incorrect result in angle-brackets as: ⧼licensing⧽).

For a list of some MediaWiki messages which may be useful in templates, see Commons:Localization/useful MediaWiki messages. See also mw:Localisation and its system messages.

Commons MediaWiki: namespace custom messages

The text of default messages supplied with the installation of MediaWiki can be overridden locally.[1] In addition, completely new messages can be created in the MediaWiki: namespace for purposes of localization. In both cases, such "custom messages" will only be available on Commons' installation of MediaWiki.

User scripts

Contenido

About localization text in images see Translation text in images. For localization read below.

Páginas del proyecto

Project pages (in the Commons: and Help: namespaces) are important to translate. A new user visiting Commons may not know much about Commons and its purpose. Project pages explain the scope of Commons, what content is appropriate and what content not, how uploading works and what rules are to be observed.

Páginas de contenido

Content pages are categories, galleries, and file description pages. Localization of these has two elements:

  1. Standard text elements. These should normally be included via appropriate content templates. For example, a category may include the template {{See also}}, which provides the text "see also" in various languages. In a few cases, standard text elements that are part of the MediaWiki software can be accessed directly, using the construction {{int:mediawiki-message-name}}.
  1. Non-standard text elements. These are included directly on the page, but should be wrapped in translation templates so that if/when translations are added, the software can distinguish them. The usual means are the simple language templates or the {{LangSwitch}} or {{Mld}} templates.

Plantillas de contenido

Templates are strings of text that occur on dozens, thousands or even millions of pages. By translating the most widely used templates you can greatly extend the usefulness of Commons pages to speakers of your language who do not speak English or who do feel more comfortable in their native tongue. Template:Information for example is used on more than two million file description pages. It's just some short strings of text, but it can greatly help to make the information on the description pages be more accessible. (Not all templates can be translated, some don't need translation, because they are language-neutral).

If a template is already internationalised, it should be clear how to add a new language localization. (The template documentation should make this clear, or it may be obvious when you look at the template in edit mode.) If a template is not yet internationalised, see the section below.

See most used translatable templates and modules.

Métodos de internacionalización de contenido

The major methods for internationalization are

  1. Autotranslate, using the {{Autotranslate}} template, which uses subpages in the standard /xx language code format to store localizations
  2. LangSwitch, using the {{LangSwitch}} template, which stores localizations within the page or template being translated.
  3. Simple list, using a header linking to different language versions of a page.
  1. Language templates, using the individual templates listed at Commons:Language templates
  2. Multilingual tags are templates devoted to translating a particular message, without providing any formatting, for re-use in multiple templates.
  3. MediaWiki messages– in a few cases, standard text elements that are part of the MediaWiki software can be accessed directly, using the construction {{int:mediawiki-message-name}}

Content templates with complex layouts tend to use {{Autotranslate}}, whilst simpler ones use {{LangSwitch}}. Content pages largely use LangSwitch or language templates, with a handful of MediaWiki messages. The "simple list" method is generally used only by project pages. Multilingual tags and most MediaWiki messages are normally used only by templates. For templates, {{TemplateBox}} facilitates creating a documentation page, including providing a standard explanation of how to localise the template for a new language version, given the specified internationalization method.

An additional method is demonstrated by {{Talkbox}}, which supports the construction of talkpage templates (e.g., {{Permprot}}). Here, the translations are stored in subpages of the calling template, and {{Talkbox}} switches the content as needed. The approach is similar to autotranslate, but the setup of the subpages is slightly different, and there is no /layout subpage.

Autotranslate

Other

  • Simple list: some templates/categories are localised using the simple list approach demonstrated by {{Lang-CatHelp}}, allowing each page to have its own localised name. The list template should be referenced using {{Header}}, for example {{header|Lang-CatHelp}}.
  • Commons:Language templates are used for galleries, categories description, file description pages. Each is simply the ISO code of the language. Example: {{en|English description}}.

Notas

  1. "Default messages" includes those which are supplied as part of MediaWiki, and the additional wm- messages (e.g., MediaWiki:wm-license-information-description) provided by mw:Extension:WikimediaMessages.

Véase también

Ayuda