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Shortcut: COM:SS· COM:SCREENSHOT· COM:SCREENSHOTS· COM:Screenshot

Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

Une capture d'écran est soumise au même droit d'auteur que son contenu. Par conséquent, elle ne peut être importée sur Wikimedia Commons que si tous les logiciels et contenus affichés sont sous une licence libre.

[1]

If you do not own the copyright to a piece of software, you may publish a screenshot under a free license only if all the content shown itself has a free license. If a screenshot contains icons or content that is non-free, it is normally also not free,[2] but an exception can be made where the content is de minimis.

If all content shown is in the public domain, then the screenshot is also, because there is no creative contribution added when creating a screenshot. This may not be true in all jurisdictions, but holds at least in the U.S. (due to Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.), in Germany (see Bildrechte:Schutz für Reproduktionen in German Wikipedia), and probably all other countries of the European Union.

If the copyright holder(s) (usually the programmers, software company, producer, or broadcaster) do not agree to publish the program under a free license, then screenshots are normally only free if they explicitly license the screenshot (or all screenshots) under a free license.

Contents

Audiovisual works

 
Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

 
Capture d'écran du logiciel libre GNU IceCat, placé sous triple license Mozilla. Le logiciel fonctionne sur Xfce avec un thème graphique sous licence GNU GPL, et affiche le site web LibriVox, placé dans le domaine public. Le logo Creative Commons est déposé, mais est placé sous licence CC-BY.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Note, this does not prevent you from uploading works created using non-free software, it is not subject to the copyright of the software itself in most cases. This is especially true for fonts, which in some cases are considered programs.

Pour faire une capture d'écran libre

  • Utiliser un système d'exploitation libre
  • Utiliser un logiciel libre, avec un thème graphique libre
  • Retirer tous les éléments possiblement sous droit d'auteur. Ne garder que le contenu voulu.
  • Le contenu de la capture d'écran doit lui aussi être libre. Vérifier que la capture d'écran ne contienne pas de texte ou d'images non libres.

Marquer les captures d'écran avec uniquement du contenu libre avec le modèle {{Free screenshot}}. Il est aussi nécessaire d'indiquer la licence sous laquelle le logiciel a été publié.

Exemples

Produits Microsoft

Les règles d'utilisation de Microsoft n'autorisent pas le travail dérivé[3]. Des captures d'écran de produits Microsoft iraient donc à l'encontre des règles de Commons. Le système d'exploitation Windows est un produit Microsoft, et le statut légal de l'aspect des composants d'interface graphique standards de certains thèmes est indéterminé.

Logiciel en tant qu'œuvre d'art

 
Capture d'écran d'une démo publiée par ses auteurs sous licence Creative Commons CC-BY-SA.

Dans certains cas, le logiciel est une œuvre d'art. Une capture d'écran de cette œuvre est libre si le logiciel lui même est libre. Une exception est le cas où le détenteur des droits sur une logiciel non libre souhaite en publier une capture d'écran libre. Pour cela, il doit posséder les droits sur l'ensemble des éléments visibles non libres (interface, graphismes, textes). En conséquence, tous les éléments graphiques ou logos présents sur la capture d'écran seront irrévocablement placés sous licence libre. Par ailleurs, il est nécessaire de préciser explicitement que le logiciel lui-même n'est pas libre.

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Safari and Opera. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

 
Freely licensed GNU IceCat icon

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

References