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Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

Les còpias d'ecran sont soumises al copyright si le programme affichée o le système d'exploitation sont copyrightés. Une discussion détaillée se trouve ici. Ainsi, les còpias d'ecran ne peuvent pas èsser utilisés sus Commons a moins que tous ses composants visibles, programmes e données affichées soient jos licéncia liura. En particulier, Microsoft ne permet pas de trabalhs dérivés[1] ce qui va a l'encontre des principes de Commons.

Notez que seulement si toutes los imatges utilisées per l'interface del programme ont una licéncia liura, alors la còpia d'ecran pourra èsser publiée jos licéncia liura. Si elles sont toutes dins le domaine public per exemple, alors la còpia d'ecran devra èsser dins le domaine public également car il n'y a aucun travail créatif dins una còpia d'ecran. Si la còpia d'ecran contient del contenu non-libre, alors il n'est pas libre. Voir tanben le message sus debian-legal@lists.debian.org posté per User:Paddy e la réponse.

Ainsi, si les programmeurs n'acceptent pas de publier leur programme jos una licéncia liura, la còpia d'ecran ne peut èsser libre. Ceci est vrai al moins als Etats-Unis (amb Bridgeman Art Library contre Corel Corp.) e dins l'Union Européenne, mas pas forcément dins toutes les juridictions. Aussi, dins certains cas le programme lui-même est considéré coma òbra d'art, coma per exemple per les démos. Les créateurs del programme devon mettre leur programme en licéncia liura per que l'on puisse faire de même amb les còpias d'ecran.

Il peut y aver una exception a ceci si la còpia d'ecran ne montre qu'un travail créé amb un le logicial e pas le logicial lui-même ; en particulier per les polices, qui peuvent elles-mêmes èsser considérées coma des programmes.

Copie d'ecran de Konqueror, programme jos licéncia GPL, montrant le site Wikipedia jos licéncia GFDL

Contents

Audiovisual works

 
Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

 
Screenshot of the Free Software program GNU IceCat licensed under the Mozilla tri-license, running on Xfce with window titlebar theme licensed under GNU GPL, and showing public domain LibriVox web page. The Creative Commons logo is trademarked but is thought to be ineligible for copyright at all.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Note, this does not prevent you from uploading works created using non-free software, it is not subject to the copyright of the software itself in most cases. This is especially true for fonts, which in some cases are considered programs.

Per créer una còpia d'ecran libre:

  • Utilizar un logicial libre amb un thème libre (par exemple, un programme KDE amb un thème Crystal)
    1. Enlever tout le contenu potentiellement jos copyright.
  • Soyez sûrs que la còpia d'ecran ne contient pas :
  • Des logos o icônes de marques déposées
  • Des images o textes non libres
  • etc.

Ajouter le message (quand la còpia ne contient que del contenu libre) :{{Free screenshot}} en supplément de la licéncia appropriée. Vous pouvez également indiquer jos quelle licéncia liura se trouve le logicial.

Examples

Microsoft products

Microsoft's guidelines do not allow derivative works,[1] so screenshots of Microsoft products would go against Commons policy. The Windows operating system itself is a Microsoft product, and the precise appearance of standard operating system widgets in some themes may or may not be copyrightable, as they are purely geometric.

Software as art

 
Screenshot of a demo program that was released under CC-BY-SA by its authors

In some cases the program itself is a work of art—an example would be a demoscene (such as one that is illustrated with the panda). Screenshots of such works are free if and only if the program itself is free. An exception to the rule is if the copyright holder of a non-free program wishes to freely license a screenshot of it. To do this, the user must have the rights to all visible non-free objects—the interface, the graphics, the text, everything. Before doing this, please consider all that it entails. Any design elements or logos appearing in the screenshot will irrevocably be placed under a free license. Also, be sure to make it explicitly clear that the software itself is not free.

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Safari and Opera. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

 
Freely licensed GNU IceCat icon

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

References

  1. a b Use of Microsoft Copyrighted Content

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