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Shortcut: COM:SS· COM:SCREENSHOT· COM:SCREENSHOTS· COM:Screenshot

Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

Screenshoty sú chránené autorským právom, ak je zobrazený program alebo operačný systém chránený autorským právom (podrobná diskusia). Preto screenshoty nemôžu byť použité na Commons, ak nie je každá súčasť - programy aj dáta v nich zobrazené - pod nejakou slobodnou licenciou. Ako príklad, podmienky Microsoftu neumožňujú tvorbu odvodených diel (podrobnosti). To znamená, že screenshoty produktov Microsoftu by boli proti politike Commons.

[1]

Všimnite si, že screenshot môže byť publikovaný pod slobodnou licenciou iba ak každý z obrázkov použitých pre grafické rozhranie programu je pod slobodnou licenciou. Napríklad ak sú všetky voľným dielom, screenshot musí tiež byť voľným dielom, pretože vytvorenie screenshotu nie je tvorivá práca. Ak screenshot obsahuje ikony alebo zobrazenú neslobodnú webovú stránku, screenshot nie je slobodný.

[2]

Preto ak programátori nesúhlasia s publikáciou programu pod slobodnou licenciou a ani neudelia výslovnú slobodnú licenciu danému screenshotu (alebo všetkým screenshotom), screenshot nie je slobodný. Môže sa stať, že to v určitých jurisdikciách neplatí, ale platí to aspoň v USA (kvôli prípadu Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.), v Nemecku (pozri Bildrechte v nemeckej Wikipédii), a pravdepodobne vo všetkých ostatných členských krajinách Európskej únie.

If the copyright holder(s) (usually the programmers, software company, producer, or broadcaster) do not agree to publish the program under a free license, then screenshots are normally only free if they explicitly license the screenshot (or all screenshots) under a free license.

Audiovisual works

 
Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

 
Screenshot of the Free Software program GNU IceCat licensed under the Mozilla tri-license, running on Xfce with window titlebar theme licensed under GNU GPL, and showing public domain LibriVox web page. The Creative Commons logo is trademarked but is thought to be ineligible for copyright at all.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Note, this does not prevent you from uploading works created using non-free software, it is not subject to the copyright of the software itself in most cases. This is especially true for fonts, which in some cases are considered programs.

Slobodný screenshot urobíte takto:

  • Použite slobodný program so slobodným skinom. (napr. KDE program s použítím obrázkov crystal)
  • Odstrihnite všetok materiál, ktorý môže potenciálne byť chránený autorským právom. Zobrazte iba obsah.
  • Obsah screenshotu musí byť tiež slobodný. Uistite sa, že screenshot neobsahuje obchodné známky, neslobodné texty či obrázky alebo čokoľvek iné, na čo všeobecná verejnosť nemá právo na slobodné používanie.

Prosíme, označte screenshoty, ktoré zobrazujú slobodný obsah {{free screenshot}} naviac k príslušnej šablóne licencie. Tiež by ste mali označiť, pod akou slobodnou licenciou je program šírený.

Examples

Microsoft products

Microsoft's guidelines do not allow derivative works,[3] so screenshots of Microsoft products would go against Commons policy. The Windows operating system itself is a Microsoft product, and the precise appearance of standard operating system widgets in some themes may or may not be copyrightable, as they are purely geometric.

Software as art

 
Screenshot demo programu, ktorý jeho autori uvoľnili pod CC-BY-SA

V niektorých prípadoch je samotný program umeleckým dielom - napríklad demo (ako vyššie ilustruje Panda). Screenshoty takých diel sú slobodné v prípade, že samotný program je slobodný Môžu existovať výnimky, ak screenshot zobrazuje iba dielo, ktorá bola vytvorená istým programom, nie program samotný. Obzvlášť to platí pri fontoch, ktoré sa v istých prípadoch považujú za programy.

 
Screenshot programu licencovaného pod GPL Konqueror, ktorý zobrazuje stránku Wikipédie licensovanú pod GFDL

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Internet Explorer, Safari, Opera and Microsoft Edge. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

 
Freely licensed GNU IceCat icon

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

References