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Shortcut: COM:SS· COM:SCREENSHOT· COM:SCREENSHOTS· COM:Screenshot

Decision matrix for determining if a screenshot is appropriate for upload to Commons. If either condition is satisfied, that A) the software is freely licensed by the owner, or B) the screen shot is freely licensed by the owner of the software, than the image is appropriate for Commons so long as it is within scope. If both conditions are not satisfied, then the image is non-free and not yet appropriate for upload to Commons.

Če je prikazani program ali operacijski sistem zaščiten z avtorskimi pravicami, velja enako tudi za zaslonske posnetke. Podrobna razprava o tem je na voljo tu (v angleščini). Tako se zaslonskih posnetkov v Zbirko ne more vključiti, razen kadar so vse sestavine, programi in prikazani podatki objavljeni s katero izmed prostih licenc. Smernice Microsofta na primer izpeljanih del ne dopuščajo.[1] To pomeni, da bi zaslonski posnetki izdelkov Microsofta pravilom Zbirke nasprotovali.

[2]

Vedite, da je zaslonski posnetek pod to prosto licenco lahko objavljen le, če so pod prosto licenco vse slike za program GUI. Če so vse na primer v javni lasti, mora biti v javni lasti tudi zaslonski posnetek, ker pri izdelavi zaslonskega posnetka ustvarjalnega dela ni. Zaslonski posnetek, ki vsebuje sličice ali vsebino neprostih strani, ni prost.

[3]

Če se torej programerji ne strinjajo z objavo programa s prosto licenco in zaslonskemu posnetku ali vsem zaslonskim posnetkom ne pripišejo proste licence izrecno, ti niso prosti. To morda ne drži v vseh sodnih oblasteh, velja pa vsaj v Združenih državah (po razsodbi v primeru Bridgeman Art Library v. Corel Corp.), v Nemčiji (glej Bildrechte v nemški Wikipediji) ter verjetno v vseh drugih državah Evropske unije.

If the copyright holder(s) (usually the programmers, software company, producer, or broadcaster) do not agree to publish the program under a free license, then screenshots are normally only free if they explicitly license the screenshot (or all screenshots) under a free license.

Contents

Audiovisual works

 
Screenshots from "Elephants Dream", and even the entire film itself can be uploaded here because it is a freely licensed work.

Screenshots from audiovisual works (such as films, television broadcasts, video clips) are often the property of its producer or creator and they may not be uploaded to Commons unless the work itself is in the public domain or released under a free license or unless the copyright holder is willing to release the screenshot under a free license.

Software

 
Screenshot of the Free Software program GNU IceCat licensed under the Mozilla tri-license, running on Xfce with window titlebar theme licensed under GNU GPL, and showing public domain LibriVox web page. The Creative Commons logo is trademarked but is thought to be ineligible for copyright at all.

In most cases, screenshots of computer software (which include programs, video games, operating systems) cannot be uploaded to Commons unless the software is released under a free software license that complies with the Commons licensing policy (software released under licenses that meet the OSI definition of "Open Source" will meet the requirements), or there is formal permission.

Note that free programs generally are not free of intellectual property protections. Just as websites may be free to access, but still covered under copyright, simply because a software is free to download, run or play, does not mean that it is in the public domain or freely licensed in a way that is compatible with Commons. For those that are under a free license, you must still conform to the terms of the particular licence, which usually means you must publish your derivative work under the same licence, and correctly attribute the original authors or owners. However, screenshots of programs with a command-line interface may fall into public domain. See {{PD-text}} for more information.

Note, this does not prevent you from uploading works created using non-free software, it is not subject to the copyright of the software itself in most cases. This is especially true for fonts, which in some cases are considered programs.

Za izdelavo prostega zaslonskega posnetka:

  • Uporabite prost program s povsem prosto kožo. (primer je program KDE z uporabo kristalnih slik)
  • Izrežite vso morebitno z avtorskimi pravicami zaščiteno snov. Pustite le vsebino.
  • Prosta mora biti tudi vsebina zaslonskega posnetka. Zagotovite, da zaslonski posnetek ne vsebuje trgovskih znamk, neprostega besedila ali slik ali česa drugega, glede česar splošna javnost nima licence za prosto uporabo.

Poleg ustrezne oznake avtorskih pravic dodajte zaslonskim posnetkom, ki prikazujejo le prosto vsebino, tudi predlogo {{prosti zaslonski posnetek}}. Označite tudi prosto licenco programa.

Examples

Microsoft products

Microsoft's guidelines do not allow derivative works,[1] so screenshots of Microsoft products would go against Commons policy. The Windows operating system itself is a Microsoft product, and the precise appearance of standard operating system widgets in some themes may or may not be copyrightable, as they are purely geometric.

Software as art

 
Zaslonski posnetek demo programa, ki so ga avtorji objavili z licenco CC-BY-SA

V nekaterih primerih je sam program umetniško delo - zgled bi bil demo (kot je zgornji s pando). Zaslonski posnetki takih del so prosti, če je prost program sam. Če zaslonski posnetek prikazuje le delo, ustvarjeno s katerim programom in ne sam program, so pri tem lahko izjeme. To še zlasti drži za pisave, ki se v nekaterih primerih obravnavajo kot programi.

Web browsers

Common proprietary web browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Safari and Opera. Screenshots of these are never permissible on Commons if they show the browser's user interface.

 
Freely licensed GNU IceCat icon

Common free web browsers include Mozilla Firefox, Chromium, Konqueror, and Web. Screenshots of these browsers displaying free content should be permissible, so long as they do not include copyrightable elements of a proprietary operating system, other proprietary software or non-free user interface customizations. The Firefox icon before Firefox 3.6 is non-free, so it must not be included in screenshots (internal logo files in Firefox 3.6 and later are under the Mozilla tri-license, although trademarked, so are acceptable where hard to avoid). GNU IceCat, a rebranded Firefox-based browser, is unencumbered by this problem, but may show small non-free logos under certain configurations, which should be replaced.

Google Chrome has caused conflicts; even though, besides its logo, there are no immediately visible differences between Chrome and its open source arm Chromium, it has been asserted that Google Chrome itself is non-free because its official binaries are subject to a non-free Google Chrome Terms of Service which overrides the open source terms of its base source code. Deletion discussions have gone both ways.

Screenshots of web browsers displaying web sites, images, videos or other copyrighted content which is not under a free license are not permissible.

Although Wikipedia is often a component of free screenshots, there have been issues.

  • Most Wikimedia logos were previously subject to a proprietary license, but this changed when they were freed, in 2014.
  • If the screenshot contains images or icons with free licenses with requirements, you have to honor them, such as by listing them and their authors and licenses, which may be other than Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.

Smartphones

Although much of Android is open source software, this does not apply to Google software or their icons. Additionally, many smartphones do not include the "stock" Android user experience, but one specific to the company (such as Samsung One UI, and Huawei EMUI). These aspects are copyrighted by the maker of the phone, and screenshots showing portions of these interfaces (such as home screens) are not free.

Screenshots of "stock" Android can be tagged with {{Apache}} with copyright credit to "The Android Open Source Project".

See also

References